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Entry version 81 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (18 Apr 2006)
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Protein

3-isopropylmalate dehydratase small subunit

Gene

leuD

Organism
Rhodoferax ferrireducens (strain ATCC BAA-621 / DSM 15236 / T118) (Albidiferax ferrireducens)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the isomerization between 2-isopropylmalate and 3-isopropylmalate, via the formation of 2-isopropylmaleate.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-leucine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 2 of the subpathway that synthesizes L-leucine from 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate.UniRule annotation
Proteins known to be involved in the 4 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. 2-isopropylmalate synthase (leuA)
  2. 3-isopropylmalate dehydratase large subunit (leuC), 3-isopropylmalate dehydratase small subunit (leuD)
  3. 3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase (leuB)
  4. Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase (ilvE)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-leucine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes L-leucine from 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate, the pathway L-leucine biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLyase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, Branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis, Leucine biosynthesis

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00048;UER00071

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
3-isopropylmalate dehydratase small subunitUniRule annotation (EC:4.2.1.33UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
Alpha-IPM isomeraseUniRule annotation
Short name:
IPMIUniRule annotation
Isopropylmalate isomeraseUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:leuDUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:Rfer_1794
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRhodoferax ferrireducens (strain ATCC BAA-621 / DSM 15236 / T118) (Albidiferax ferrireducens)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri338969 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaBetaproteobacteriaBurkholderialesComamonadaceaeRhodoferax
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000008332 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_10000638141 – 2163-isopropylmalate dehydratase small subunitAdd BLAST216

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer of LeuC and LeuD.

UniRule annotation

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
338969.Rfer_1794

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q21XI0

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the LeuD family. LeuD type 1 subfamily.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105MQS Bacteria
COG0066 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000222939

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K01704

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
AFTTHTG

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1384217at2

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01577 IPMI_Swivel, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.19.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_01031 LeuD_type1, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR004431 3-IsopropMal_deHydase_ssu
IPR015928 Aconitase/3IPM_dehydase_swvl
IPR000573 AconitaseA/IPMdHydase_ssu_swvl
IPR033940 IPMI_Swivel

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00694 Aconitase_C, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00171 leuD, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q21XI0-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQKFTLLKGL VAPMDRENVD TDAIIPKQFL KSIRKTGFGQ NLFDEWRYLD
60 70 80 90 100
AGFPGQDPKS RKPNPDFVLN QPRYQGASIL LARKNFGCGS SREHAPWALD
110 120 130 140 150
QYGFRAIIAP SYADIFFNNS FKNGLLPIVL SEIQVSQLFD EAAAFPGYAL
160 170 180 190 200
TIDLERQVII KPDGKELPFE VQAFRKYCLL NGFDDIGLTL RQADKIKAFE
210
AQRLAQKPWL ARTLLA
Length:216
Mass (Da):24,474
Last modified:April 18, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i673C667EF239F992
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
CP000267 Genomic DNA Translation: ABD69523.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_011464091.1, NC_007908.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
ABD69523; ABD69523; Rfer_1794

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rfr:Rfer_1794

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
CP000267 Genomic DNA Translation: ABD69523.1
RefSeqiWP_011464091.1, NC_007908.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ21XI0
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi338969.Rfer_1794

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiABD69523; ABD69523; Rfer_1794
KEGGirfr:Rfer_1794

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105MQS Bacteria
COG0066 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000222939
KOiK01704
OMAiAFTTHTG
OrthoDBi1384217at2

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00048;UER00071

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01577 IPMI_Swivel, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.20.19.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_01031 LeuD_type1, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR004431 3-IsopropMal_deHydase_ssu
IPR015928 Aconitase/3IPM_dehydase_swvl
IPR000573 AconitaseA/IPMdHydase_ssu_swvl
IPR033940 IPMI_Swivel
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00694 Aconitase_C, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00171 leuD, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiLEUD_RHOFT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q21XI0
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 5, 2008
Last sequence update: April 18, 2006
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 81 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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