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Entry version 90 (10 Feb 2021)
Sequence version 1 (22 Aug 2006)
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Protein

Keratin, type II cuticular Hb1

Gene

KRT81

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

There are two types of hair/microfibrillar keratin, I (acidic) and II (neutral to basic).Curated

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Keratin, type II cuticular Hb1By similarity
Alternative name(s):
Keratin-81Imported
Short name:
K81
Type II hair keratin Hb1
Type-II keratin Kb21
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:KRT81Imported
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 5

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:50408, KRT81

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywords - Cellular componenti

Intermediate filament, Keratin

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003616891 – 500Keratin, type II cuticular Hb1Add BLAST500

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section describes <strong>covalent linkages</strong> of various types formed <strong>between two proteins (interchain cross-links)</strong> or <strong>between two parts of the same protein (intrachain cross-links)</strong>, except the disulfide bonds that are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/disulfid">'Disulfide bond'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/crosslnk' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-linki212Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO1)By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Isopeptide bond, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q148H4

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q148H4

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000006739, Expressed in testis and 5 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q148H4, baseline

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterotetramer of two type I and two type II keratins.

Curated

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000038271

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q148H4

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini106 – 417IF rodPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST312

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 106HeadSequence analysisAdd BLAST106
Regioni107 – 141Coil 1ASequence analysisAdd BLAST35
Regioni142 – 151Linker 1Sequence analysis10
Regioni152 – 252Coil 1BSequence analysisAdd BLAST101
Regioni253 – 269Linker 12Sequence analysisAdd BLAST17
Regioni270 – 413Coil 2Sequence analysisAdd BLAST144
Regioni414 – 500TailSequence analysisAdd BLAST87

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the intermediate filament family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Coiled coil

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG502SKJW, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000154026

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_012560_5_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q148H4

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
CGCGFRP

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
557821at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF317854

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.5.1160, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR018039, IF_conserved
IPR039008, IF_rod_dom
IPR042180, IF_rod_dom_coil1B
IPR032444, Keratin_2_head
IPR003054, Keratin_II

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00038, Filament, 1 hit
PF16208, Keratin_2_head, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01276, TYPE2KERATIN

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01391, Filament, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00226, IF_ROD_1, 1 hit
PS51842, IF_ROD_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q148H4-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTCGSGFRGR AFSCVSACGP RPGRCCITAA PYRGISCYRG LTGGFGSRSI
60 70 80 90 100
CGGFRAGSFG RSFGYRSGGV GGLNPPCITT VSVNESLLTP LNLEIDPNAQ
110 120 130 140 150
CVKQEEKEQI KCLNNRFAAF IDKVRFLEQQ NKLLETKLQF YQNRQCCESN
160 170 180 190 200
LEPLFNGYIE TLRREAECVE ADSGRLSSEL NSLQEVLEGY KKKYEEEVAL
210 220 230 240 250
RATAENEFVA LKKDVDCAYL RKSDLEANVE ALIQEIDFLR RLYEEEIRVL
260 270 280 290 300
QAHISDTSVI VKMDNSRDLN MDNIVAEIKA QYDDIASRSR AEAESWYRSK
310 320 330 340 350
CEEIKATVIR HGETLRRTKE EINELNRVIQ RLTAEVENAK CQNSKLEAAV
360 370 380 390 400
TQAEQQGEAA LNDAKCKLAG LEEALQKAKQ DMACLLKEYQ EVMNSKLGLD
410 420 430 440 450
IEIATYRRLL EGEEQRLCEG VGSVNVCVSS SRGGVVCGDL CVSGSRPVTG
460 470 480 490 500
SVCSAPCSGN LAVSTGLCAP CGPCNSVTSC GLGGISSCGV GSCASVCRKC
Length:500
Mass (Da):54,613
Last modified:August 22, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i0700843CF4AA659F
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A3Q1ML39A0A3Q1ML39_BOVIN
Keratin, type II cuticular Hb1
KRT81
497Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC118319 mRNA Translation: AAI18320.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001069674.1, NM_001076206.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000038458; ENSBTAP00000038271; ENSBTAG00000006739

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
540204

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:540204

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC118319 mRNA Translation: AAI18320.1
RefSeqiNP_001069674.1, NM_001076206.1

3D structure databases

SMRiQ148H4
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000038271

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ148H4
PRIDEiQ148H4

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000038458; ENSBTAP00000038271; ENSBTAG00000006739
GeneIDi540204
KEGGibta:540204

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
3887
VGNCiVGNC:50408, KRT81

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG502SKJW, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000154026
HOGENOMiCLU_012560_5_0_1
InParanoidiQ148H4
OMAiCGCGFRP
OrthoDBi557821at2759
TreeFamiTF317854

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000006739, Expressed in testis and 5 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiQ148H4, baseline

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.5.1160, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR018039, IF_conserved
IPR039008, IF_rod_dom
IPR042180, IF_rod_dom_coil1B
IPR032444, Keratin_2_head
IPR003054, Keratin_II
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00038, Filament, 1 hit
PF16208, Keratin_2_head, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01276, TYPE2KERATIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01391, Filament, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00226, IF_ROD_1, 1 hit
PS51842, IF_ROD_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiKRT81_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q148H4
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 10, 2009
Last sequence update: August 22, 2006
Last modified: February 10, 2021
This is version 90 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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