Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Protein

Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase

Gene

PLA2G7

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Modulates the action of platelet-activating factor (PAF) by hydrolyzing the sn-2 ester bond to yield the biologically inactive lyso-PAF. Has a specificity for substrates with a short residue at the sn-2 position. It is inactive against long-chain phospholipids.

Catalytic activityi

1-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + H2O = 1-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine + acetate.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Active sitei273Nucleophile1 Publication1
Active sitei296Charge relay systemPROSITE-ProRule annotation1 Publication1
Active sitei351Charge relay systemPROSITE-ProRule annotation1 Publication1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase
Biological processLipid degradation, Lipid metabolism

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi3.1.1.4 2681
3.1.1.47 2681
ReactomeiR-HSA-422085 Synthesis, secretion, and deacylation of Ghrelin
SABIO-RKiQ13093

Protein family/group databases

ESTHERihuman-PLA2G7 PAF-Acetylhydrolase

Chemistry databases

SwissLipidsiSLP:000000204

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (EC:3.1.1.47)
Short name:
PAF acetylhydrolase
Alternative name(s):
1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine esterase
2-acetyl-1-alkylglycerophosphocholine esterase
Group-VIIA phospholipase A2
Short name:
gVIIA-PLA2
LDL-associated phospholipase A2
Short name:
LDL-PLA(2)
PAF 2-acylhydrolase
Gene namesi
Name:PLA2G7
Synonyms:PAFAH
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 6

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000146070.16
HGNCiHGNC:9040 PLA2G7
MIMi601690 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q13093

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

Pathology & Biotechi

Involvement in diseasei

Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase deficiency (PAFAD)5 Publications
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionAn enzymatic deficiency that results in exacerbated bodily response to inflammatory agents. It can be associated with several disease states including inflammatory gastrointestinal disorders, asthma and atopy. Asthmatic individuals with PAFAD may manifest aggravated respiratory symptoms.
See also OMIM:614278
Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_004268279V → F in PAFAD; loss of function; risk factor for coronary arthery disease and stroke. 4 PublicationsCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs76863441EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_011585281Q → R in PAFAD; loss of function. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs201256712Ensembl.1
Asthma (ASTHMA)1 Publication
Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionThe most common chronic disease affecting children and young adults. It is a complex genetic disorder with a heterogeneous phenotype, largely attributed to the interactions among many genes and between these genes and the environment. It is characterized by recurrent attacks of paroxysmal dyspnea, with wheezing due to spasmodic contraction of the bronchi.
See also OMIM:600807
Atopic hypersensitivity (ATOPY)1 Publication
Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionA condition characterized by predisposition to develop hypersensitivity reactions. Atopic individuals can develop eczema, allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma.
See also OMIM:147050

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Mutagenesisi108S → A: Activity is higher than wild-type. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi273S → A: Loss of activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi286D → A: Almost no activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi286D → N: Diminishes activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi296D → A: Loss of activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi296D → N: Loss of activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi304D → A: No change in activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi338D → A: Activity is higher than wild-type. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi351H → A: Loss of activity. 1 Publication1

Keywords - Diseasei

Asthma, Disease mutation

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNETi7941
MalaCardsiPLA2G7
MIMi147050 phenotype
600807 phenotype
614278 phenotype
OpenTargetsiENSG00000146070
PharmGKBiPA33368

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL3514
DrugBankiDB05256 659032
GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi1432

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiPLA2G7
DMDMi2497687

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Signal peptidei1 – 21Add BLAST21
ChainiPRO_000001783322 – 441Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolaseAdd BLAST420

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Glycosylationi423N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi433N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine1

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiQ13093
PaxDbiQ13093
PeptideAtlasiQ13093
PRIDEiQ13093
ProteomicsDBi59145

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ13093
PhosphoSitePlusiQ13093

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Plasma.

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000146070 Expressed in 160 organ(s), highest expression level in visceral pleura
CleanExiHS_PLA2G7
GenevisibleiQ13093 HS

Organism-specific databases

HPAiHPA035916

Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi113667, 2 interactors
IntActiQ13093, 3 interactors
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000274793

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ13093

Structurei

Secondary structure

1441
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ13093
SMRiQ13093
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ13093

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the AB hydrolase superfamily. Lipase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3847 Eukaryota
ENOG4111FH0 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000005233
HOGENOMiHOG000008053
HOVERGENiHBG001322
InParanoidiQ13093
KOiK01062
OMAiRKMITIR
OrthoDBiEOG091G08C2
PhylomeDBiQ13093
TreeFamiTF313831

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.1820, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029058 AB_hydrolase
IPR005065 PAF_acetylhydro-like
IPR016715 PAF_acetylhydro_eukaryote
PANTHERiPTHR10272 PTHR10272, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03403 PAF-AH_p_II, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF018169 PAF_acetylhydrolase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53474 SSF53474, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00120 LIPASE_SER, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q13093-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVPPKLHVLF CLCGCLAVVY PFDWQYINPV AHMKSSAWVN KIQVLMAAAS
60 70 80 90 100
FGQTKIPRGN GPYSVGCTDL MFDHTNKGTF LRLYYPSQDN DRLDTLWIPN
110 120 130 140 150
KEYFWGLSKF LGTHWLMGNI LRLLFGSMTT PANWNSPLRP GEKYPLVVFS
160 170 180 190 200
HGLGAFRTLY SAIGIDLASH GFIVAAVEHR DRSASATYYF KDQSAAEIGD
210 220 230 240 250
KSWLYLRTLK QEEETHIRNE QVRQRAKECS QALSLILDID HGKPVKNALD
260 270 280 290 300
LKFDMEQLKD SIDREKIAVI GHSFGGATVI QTLSEDQRFR CGIALDAWMF
310 320 330 340 350
PLGDEVYSRI PQPLFFINSE YFQYPANIIK MKKCYSPDKE RKMITIRGSV
360 370 380 390 400
HQNFADFTFA TGKIIGHMLK LKGDIDSNVA IDLSNKASLA FLQKHLGLHK
410 420 430 440
DFDQWDCLIE GDDENLIPGT NINTTNQHIM LQNSSGIEKY N
Length:441
Mass (Da):50,077
Last modified:November 1, 1997 - v1
Checksum:i3BA9EEA9E8094A57
GO

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_04797045L → P1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs45521937Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_01158392R → H Common polymorphism. 2 PublicationsCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs1805017EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_047971191K → N1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs45454695Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_011584198I → T Common polymorphism; associated with asthma and atopy. 2 PublicationsCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs1805018EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_004268279V → F in PAFAD; loss of function; risk factor for coronary arthery disease and stroke. 4 PublicationsCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs76863441EnsemblClinVar.1
Natural variantiVAR_011585281Q → R in PAFAD; loss of function. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs201256712Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_011586379V → A Common polymorphism. 4 PublicationsCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs1051931EnsemblClinVar.1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U20157 mRNA Translation: AAC50126.1
U24577 mRNA Translation: AAB04170.1
EF568110 Genomic DNA Translation: ABQ01234.1
AL591242 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CH471081 Genomic DNA Translation: EAX04301.1
BC038452 mRNA Translation: AAH38452.1
CCDSiCCDS4917.1
PIRiS60247
RefSeqiNP_001161829.1, NM_001168357.1
NP_005075.3, NM_005084.3
XP_005249465.1, XM_005249408.4
UniGeneiHs.584823

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000274793; ENSP00000274793; ENSG00000146070
ENST00000537365; ENSP00000445666; ENSG00000146070
GeneIDi7941
KEGGihsa:7941
UCSCiuc010jzf.4 human

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

Similar proteinsi

Cross-referencesi

Web resourcesi

SeattleSNPs

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U20157 mRNA Translation: AAC50126.1
U24577 mRNA Translation: AAB04170.1
EF568110 Genomic DNA Translation: ABQ01234.1
AL591242 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CH471081 Genomic DNA Translation: EAX04301.1
BC038452 mRNA Translation: AAH38452.1
CCDSiCCDS4917.1
PIRiS60247
RefSeqiNP_001161829.1, NM_001168357.1
NP_005075.3, NM_005084.3
XP_005249465.1, XM_005249408.4
UniGeneiHs.584823

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
3D59X-ray1.50A/B47-429[»]
3D5EX-ray2.10A/B47-429[»]
3F96X-ray2.10A/B47-429[»]
3F97X-ray1.70A/B47-429[»]
3F98X-ray1.70A/B/C47-429[»]
3F9CX-ray2.30A/B47-429[»]
5I8PX-ray2.37A/B47-429[»]
5I9IX-ray2.70A/B47-429[»]
5JADX-ray2.05A46-428[»]
5JAHX-ray2.06A46-428[»]
5JALX-ray2.06A46-428[»]
5JANX-ray2.12A46-428[»]
5JAOX-ray2.06A46-428[»]
5JAPX-ray2.46A46-428[»]
5JARX-ray2.11A46-428[»]
5JASX-ray2.06A46-428[»]
5JATX-ray2.04A46-428[»]
5JAUX-ray1.95A46-428[»]
5LP1X-ray1.91A46-428[»]
5LYYX-ray2.17A46-428[»]
5LZ2X-ray2.10A46-428[»]
5LZ4X-ray2.07A46-428[»]
5LZ5X-ray2.05A46-428[»]
5LZ7X-ray2.10A46-428[»]
5LZ8X-ray2.11A46-428[»]
5LZ9X-ray2.06A46-428[»]
5YE7X-ray2.31A/B47-429[»]
5YE8X-ray1.85A/B47-429[»]
5YE9X-ray1.88A/B47-429[»]
5YEAX-ray1.80A/B47-429[»]
ProteinModelPortaliQ13093
SMRiQ13093
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi113667, 2 interactors
IntActiQ13093, 3 interactors
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000274793

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ13093
ChEMBLiCHEMBL3514
DrugBankiDB05256 659032
GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi1432
SwissLipidsiSLP:000000204

Protein family/group databases

ESTHERihuman-PLA2G7 PAF-Acetylhydrolase

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ13093
PhosphoSitePlusiQ13093

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiPLA2G7
DMDMi2497687

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiQ13093
PaxDbiQ13093
PeptideAtlasiQ13093
PRIDEiQ13093
ProteomicsDBi59145

Protocols and materials databases

DNASUi7941
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000274793; ENSP00000274793; ENSG00000146070
ENST00000537365; ENSP00000445666; ENSG00000146070
GeneIDi7941
KEGGihsa:7941
UCSCiuc010jzf.4 human

Organism-specific databases

CTDi7941
DisGeNETi7941
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000146070.16
GeneCardsiPLA2G7
HGNCiHGNC:9040 PLA2G7
HPAiHPA035916
MalaCardsiPLA2G7
MIMi147050 phenotype
600807 phenotype
601690 gene
614278 phenotype
neXtProtiNX_Q13093
OpenTargetsiENSG00000146070
PharmGKBiPA33368
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3847 Eukaryota
ENOG4111FH0 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000005233
HOGENOMiHOG000008053
HOVERGENiHBG001322
InParanoidiQ13093
KOiK01062
OMAiRKMITIR
OrthoDBiEOG091G08C2
PhylomeDBiQ13093
TreeFamiTF313831

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi3.1.1.4 2681
3.1.1.47 2681
ReactomeiR-HSA-422085 Synthesis, secretion, and deacylation of Ghrelin
SABIO-RKiQ13093

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ13093
GeneWikiiLipoprotein-associated_phospholipase_A2
GenomeRNAii7941
PROiPR:Q13093
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000146070 Expressed in 160 organ(s), highest expression level in visceral pleura
CleanExiHS_PLA2G7
GenevisibleiQ13093 HS

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.1820, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029058 AB_hydrolase
IPR005065 PAF_acetylhydro-like
IPR016715 PAF_acetylhydro_eukaryote
PANTHERiPTHR10272 PTHR10272, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03403 PAF-AH_p_II, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF018169 PAF_acetylhydrolase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53474 SSF53474, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00120 LIPASE_SER, 1 hit
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPAFA_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q13093
Secondary accession number(s): A5HTT5
, Q15692, Q5VTT1, Q8IVA2
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: November 1, 1997
Last modified: November 7, 2018
This is version 174 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  3. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  5. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  6. Human chromosome 6
    Human chromosome 6: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again