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Entry version 111 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 1996)
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Protein

Angiotensin-converting enzyme

Gene

ACE

Organism
Gallus gallus (Chicken)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Converts angiotensin I to angiotensin II by release of the terminal His-Leu, this results in an increase of the vasoconstrictor activity of angiotensin.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • Release of a C-terminal dipeptide, oligopeptide-|-Xaa-Yaa, when Xaa is not Pro, and Yaa is neither Asp nor Glu. Thus, conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, with increase in vasoconstrictor activity, but no action on angiotensin II. EC:3.4.15.1

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 Zn2+ ions per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi288Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei2891PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Metal bindingi292Zinc 1; catalyticBy similarity1
Metal bindingi886Zinc 2; catalyticBy similarity1
Active sitei8872PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Metal bindingi890Zinc 2; catalyticBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCarboxypeptidase, Hydrolase, Metalloprotease, Protease
LigandMetal-binding, Zinc

Protein family/group databases

MEROPS protease database

More...
MEROPSi
M02.001

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (EC:3.2.1.-, EC:3.4.15.1)
Short name:
ACE
Alternative name(s):
Dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase I
Kininase II
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ACE
Synonyms:DCP1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiGallus gallus (Chicken)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9031 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiArchelosauriaArchosauriaDinosauriaSaurischiaTheropodaCoelurosauriaAvesNeognathaeGalloanseraeGalliformesPhasianidaePhasianinaeGallus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000539 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini‹1 – 1156ExtracellularSequence analysisAdd BLAST›1156
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei1157 – 1173HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST17
Topological domaini1174 – 1193CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST20

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_0000078152‹1 – 1193Angiotensin-converting enzymeAdd BLAST›1193

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi11N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi60N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi216N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi407N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi447N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi485N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi513N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi555N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi575N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi658N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi1089N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q10751

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q10751

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9031.ENSGALP00000039731

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q10751

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati125 – 481Add BLAST357
Repeati723 – 1079Add BLAST357

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the peptidase M2 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3690 Eukaryota
ENOG410XPJ3 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000007838

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q10751

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
422699at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q10751

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd06461 M2_ACE, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001548 Peptidase_M2

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10514 PTHR10514, 4 hits

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01401 Peptidase_M2, 2 hits

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00791 PEPDIPTASEA

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00142 ZINC_PROTEASE, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Fragment.

Q10751-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
AKELYGNIWS NFSDPQLKKI IGSIQTLGPS NLPLDKRQQY NTILSDMDKI
60 70 80 90 100
YSTAKVCLDN GTCWDLEPDI SDIMATSRSY KKLLYAWEGW HNAAGNPLRA
110 120 130 140 150
KYQEFVTLSN EAYQMDGFED TGSYWRSWYD STTFEDDLEH LYNQLEPLYL
160 170 180 190 200
NLHAFVRRKL YDRYGPKYIN LKGPIPAHLL GNMWAQQWNN IYDLMVPYPD
210 220 230 240 250
KPNLDVTNTM VNQGWNATHM FRVSEEFFTS LGLLEMPPEF WEKSMLEKPA
260 270 280 290 300
DGREVVCHAS AWDFYNRKDF RIKQCTTVTM EQLFTVHHEM GHVQYYLQYK
310 320 330 340 350
DQPVSFRGGA NPGFHEAIGD VLSLSVSTPS HLQKIGLLSS AVEDEESNIN
360 370 380 390 400
YLLKMALEKI AFLPFGYLID QWRWNVFSGR TPPSRYNYDW WYLRTKYQGI
410 420 430 440 450
CAPVSRNESN FDPGAKYHIP GNTPYIRYFV SFILQFQFHK ALCQAANHTG
460 470 480 490 500
PLHTCDIYMS KEAGAKLREV LKAGSSKSWQ EILFNLTGTD KMDAGALLEY
510 520 530 540 550
FSPVTTWLQE QNNKTNEVLG WPEFDWRSPI PEGYPEGIDK IVDEAQAKEF
560 570 580 590 600
LSEYNSTAEV VWNAYTEASW EYNTNITDHN KEVMLEKNLA MSKHTIEYGM
610 620 630 640 650
RARQFDPSDF QDETVTRILN KLSVLERAAL PEDELKEYNT LLSDMETTYS
660 670 680 690 700
VAKVCRENNT FHPLDPDLTD ILATSRDYNE LLFAWKGWWD ASGAKIKDKY
710 720 730 740 750
KRYVELSNKA AVLNGYTDNG AYWRSLYETP TFEEDLERLY LQLQPLYLNL
760 770 780 790 800
HAYVRRALYN KYGAEHISLK GPIPAHLLGN MWAQSWSNIF DLVMPFPDAT
810 820 830 840 850
KVDATPAMKQ QGWTPKMMFE ESDRFFTSLG LIPMPQEFWD KSMIEKPADG
860 870 880 890 900
REVVCHASAW DFYNRKDFRI KQCTVVNMDD LITVHHEMGH VQYFLQYMDQ
910 920 930 940 950
PISFRDGANP GFHEAIGDVM ALSVSTPKHL HSINLLDQVT ENEESDINYL
960 970 980 990 1000
MSIALDKIAF LPFGYLMDQW RWKVFDGRIK EDEYNQQWWN LRLKYQGLCP
1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
PVPRSEDDFD PGAKFHIPAN VPYIRYFVSF VIQFQFHQAL CKAAGHTGPL
1060 1070 1080 1090 1100
HTCDIYQSKE AGKLLGDAMK LGFSKPWPEA MQLITGQPNM SAEALMSYFE
1110 1120 1130 1140 1150
PLMTWLVKKN TENGEVLGWP EYSWTPYAVT EFHAATDTAD FLGMSVGTKQ
1160 1170 1180 1190
ATAGAWVLLA LALVFLITSI FLGVKLFSSR RKAFKSSSEM ELK
Length:1,193
Mass (Da):137,821
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i954472A18EA471C7
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section is used for sequence fragments to indicate that the residue at the extremity of the sequence is not the actual terminal residue in the complete protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/non_ter' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Non-terminal residuei11

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
L40175 mRNA Translation: AAA75554.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
JC2489

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L40175 mRNA Translation: AAA75554.1
PIRiJC2489

3D structure databases

SMRiQ10751
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9031.ENSGALP00000039731

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiM02.001

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ10751
PRIDEiQ10751

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3690 Eukaryota
ENOG410XPJ3 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000007838
InParanoidiQ10751
OrthoDBi422699at2759
PhylomeDBiQ10751

Family and domain databases

CDDicd06461 M2_ACE, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001548 Peptidase_M2
PANTHERiPTHR10514 PTHR10514, 4 hits
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01401 Peptidase_M2, 2 hits
PRINTSiPR00791 PEPDIPTASEA
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00142 ZINC_PROTEASE, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiACE_CHICK
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q10751
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 111 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Glycosyl hydrolases
    Classification of glycosyl hydrolase families and list of entries
  3. Peptidase families
    Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
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