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Entry version 117 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 2 (25 Nov 2008)
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Protein

C-X-C motif chemokine 3

Gene

Cxcl3

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Ligand for CXCR2 (By similarity). Has chemotactic activity for neutrophils. May play a role in inflammation and exert its effects on endothelial cells in an autocrine fashion.By similarity2 Publications

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • chemokine activity Source: UniProtKB

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCytokine
Biological processChemotaxis, Inflammatory response

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-380108 Chemokine receptors bind chemokines
R-RNO-418594 G alpha (i) signalling events
R-RNO-6798695 Neutrophil degranulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
C-X-C motif chemokine 3
Alternative name(s):
Cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant 2
Short name:
CINC-2
Macrophage inflammatory protein 2-alpha/beta
Short name:
MIP2-alpha/beta
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Cxcl3
Synonyms:Cinc2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 14

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
621812 Cxcl3

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 322 PublicationsAdd BLAST32
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000014429733 – 101C-X-C motif chemokine 3Add BLAST69

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi37 ↔ 63By similarity
Disulfide bondi39 ↔ 79By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q10746

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q10746

PTM databases

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
Q10746

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By lipopolysaccharide. Expression increases until 4 hours after treatment and then gradually decreases, remaining high 24 hours after stimulation.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000028043 Expressed in 5 organ(s), highest expression level in lung

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q10746 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000038520

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q10746

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410J3WE Eukaryota
ENOG410ZT1C LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000155233

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000220915

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q10746

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K05505

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
AIELRCQ

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1618797at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q10746

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF333433

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00273 Chemokine_CXC, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001089 Chemokine_CXC
IPR018048 Chemokine_CXC_CS
IPR001811 Chemokine_IL8-like_dom
IPR033899 CXC_Chemokine_domain
IPR036048 Interleukin_8-like_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10179 PTHR10179, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00048 IL8, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00437 SMALLCYTKCXC

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00199 SCY, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF54117 SSF54117, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00471 SMALL_CYTOKINES_CXC, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Isoform 1 (identifier: Q10746-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
Also known as: CINC-2A

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAPPTRRLLN AALLLLLLLM ATSHQPSGTV VARELRCQCL KTLPRVDFEN
60 70 80 90 100
IQSLTVTPPG PHCTQTEVIA TLKDGQEVCL NPQAPRLQKI IQKLLKSDKS

S
Length:101
Mass (Da):11,109
Last modified:November 25, 2008 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iD949D5712FE30909
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: Q10746-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
Also known as: CINC-2B

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     98-101: DKSS → PSL

Show »
Length:100
Mass (Da):10,989
Checksum:iEB53ECEFE30909D2
GO

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_03573598 – 101DKSS → PSL in isoform 2. 1 Publication4

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
D21095 mRNA Translation: BAA04657.1
D87926 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB12336.1
D87926 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB12279.1
D87927 mRNA Translation: BAB12280.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S46198

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_612531.1, NM_138522.1 [Q10746-2]
XP_006250783.1, XM_006250721.3 [Q10746-1]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000034090; ENSRNOP00000038520; ENSRNOG00000028043 [Q10746-2]
ENSRNOT00000078746; ENSRNOP00000070985; ENSRNOG00000028043 [Q10746-1]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
171551

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:171551

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:621812 rat [Q10746-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D21095 mRNA Translation: BAA04657.1
D87926 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB12336.1
D87926 Genomic DNA Translation: BAB12279.1
D87927 mRNA Translation: BAB12280.1
PIRiS46198
RefSeqiNP_612531.1, NM_138522.1 [Q10746-2]
XP_006250783.1, XM_006250721.3 [Q10746-1]

3D structure databases

SMRiQ10746
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000038520

PTM databases

PhosphoSitePlusiQ10746

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ10746
PRIDEiQ10746

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000034090; ENSRNOP00000038520; ENSRNOG00000028043 [Q10746-2]
ENSRNOT00000078746; ENSRNOP00000070985; ENSRNOG00000028043 [Q10746-1]
GeneIDi171551
KEGGirno:171551
UCSCiRGD:621812 rat [Q10746-1]

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2921
RGDi621812 Cxcl3

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410J3WE Eukaryota
ENOG410ZT1C LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000155233
HOGENOMiHOG000220915
InParanoidiQ10746
KOiK05505
OMAiAIELRCQ
OrthoDBi1618797at2759
PhylomeDBiQ10746
TreeFamiTF333433

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-380108 Chemokine receptors bind chemokines
R-RNO-418594 G alpha (i) signalling events
R-RNO-6798695 Neutrophil degranulation

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q10746

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000028043 Expressed in 5 organ(s), highest expression level in lung
GenevisibleiQ10746 RN

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00273 Chemokine_CXC, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001089 Chemokine_CXC
IPR018048 Chemokine_CXC_CS
IPR001811 Chemokine_IL8-like_dom
IPR033899 CXC_Chemokine_domain
IPR036048 Interleukin_8-like_sf
PANTHERiPTHR10179 PTHR10179, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00048 IL8, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00437 SMALLCYTKCXC
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00199 SCY, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF54117 SSF54117, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00471 SMALL_CYTOKINES_CXC, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCXCL3_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q10746
Secondary accession number(s): Q10747, Q5CZ55, Q9EP62
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: November 25, 2008
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 117 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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