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Entry version 100 (17 Jun 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 1996)
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Protein

Puroindoline-B

Gene

PINB

Organism
Triticum aestivum (Wheat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Acts as a membranotoxin, probably through its antibacterial and antifungal activities, contributing to the defense mechanism of the plant against predators. Forms monovalent cation-selective ion channels in membranes. Has antibacterial activity against the Gram-positive bacteria S.aureus and C.michiganensis, and the Gram-negative bacteria E.coli, P.syringae pv phaseoli, A.tumefaciens and E.carotovora subsp carotovora. Acts synergistically with PINA against bacteria. Contributes to grain texture and hardness.3 Publications

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAntibiotic, Antimicrobial, Toxin
Biological processPlant defense

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Puroindoline-B
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PINB
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiTriticum aestivum (Wheat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4565 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaeBOP cladePooideaeTriticodaeTriticeaeTriticinaeTriticum
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000019116 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 19Sequence analysisAdd BLAST19
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_000003228820 – 291 Publication10
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000003228930 – 148Puroindoline-BAdd BLAST119

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Five disulfide bonds are present.

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q10464

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Endosperm and aleurone layer of developing kernels. In the aleurone layer, mainly localized to starch granules and the surface of the plasma membrane, forming a uniform layer, also abundant in the intercellular space. In the endosperm, mainly localized to starch granules and the plasma membrane, but less abundant in the intercellular space. Not found in roots or coleoptiles.3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at the protein level'.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Starts to accumulate in seeds between 8 and 12 days after flowering. Levels increase markedly between 15 and 18 days after flowering, reaching a peak between 26 and 33 days after flowering. Levels then decline rapidly at none is detected at 40 days after flowering. Not detected in germinated seeds.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q10464 baseline

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
Q10464 TA

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q10464

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi68 – 73Trp-rich6

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_1621987_0_0_1

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
CEQMSET

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR006106 Allergen/soft/tryp_amyl_inhib
IPR036312 Bifun_inhib/LTP/seed_sf
IPR016140 Bifunc_inhib/LTP/seed_store

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00234 Tryp_alpha_amyl, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00808 AMLASEINHBTR

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00499 AAI, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47699 SSF47699, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q10464-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKTLFLLALL ALVASTTFAQ YSEVGGWYNE VGGGGGSQQC PQERPKLSSC
60 70 80 90 100
KDYVMERCFT MKDFPVTWPT KWWKGGCEHE VREKCCKQLS QIAPQCRCDS
110 120 130 140
IRRVIQGRLG GFLGIWRGEV FKQLQRAQSL PSKCNMGADC KFPSGYYW
Length:148
Mass (Da):16,792
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i327904B4EBEC2C16
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti8 – 9AL → TI in BAD21119 (Ref. 4) Curated2
Sequence conflicti8 – 9AL → TI in AAT40245 (Ref. 4) Curated2
Sequence conflicti144S → I in BAD22738 (Ref. 4) Curated1
Sequence conflicti144S → I in AAT40244 (Ref. 4) Curated1

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports information derived from mass spectrometry experiments done on the entire protein or on biologically active derived peptide(s).<p><a href='/help/mass_spectrometry' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mass spectrometryi

Molecular mass is 13076 Da. Determined by ESI. In cv. Riband.1 Publication
Molecular mass is 13076 Da. Determined by MALDI. In cv. Consort.1 Publication
Molecular mass is 13103 Da. Determined by ESI. In cv. Hereward.1 Publication
Molecular mass is 13106 Da. Determined by MALDI. In cv. Hereward.1 Publication
Molecular mass is 13045 Da. Determined by ESI. In cv. Soissons.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section provides information on polymorphic variants. If the variant is associated with a disease state, the description of the latter can be found in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/involvement%5Fin%5Fdisease">'Involvement in disease'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/polymorphism' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Polymorphismi

Variation in, or absence of, PINB is associated with variation in grain texture.

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural varianti73W → R Found in hard wheats, including cv. Soissons. 1 Publication1
Natural varianti75G → S Found in hard wheats, including cv. Buster and cv. Shamrock. 3 Publications1
Natural varianti89L → P Found in cv. Chablis, but no mature PINB protein is found in this cultivar. 1 Publication1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X69912 mRNA Translation: CAA49537.1
AJ302100 Genomic DNA Translation: CAC33791.1
DQ363913 Genomic DNA Translation: ABD72479.1
DQ363914 Genomic DNA Translation: ABD72480.1
AB177390 Genomic DNA Translation: BAD21119.1
AB180737 Genomic DNA Translation: BAD22738.1
AY598029 Genomic DNA Translation: AAT40245.1
AY640304 Genomic DNA Translation: AAT40244.1
CR626934 Genomic DNA Translation: CAH10199.1
CT009735 Genomic DNA Translation: CAJ15420.1
AB262660 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE96109.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S46514

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X69912 mRNA Translation: CAA49537.1
AJ302100 Genomic DNA Translation: CAC33791.1
DQ363913 Genomic DNA Translation: ABD72479.1
DQ363914 Genomic DNA Translation: ABD72480.1
AB177390 Genomic DNA Translation: BAD21119.1
AB180737 Genomic DNA Translation: BAD22738.1
AY598029 Genomic DNA Translation: AAT40245.1
AY640304 Genomic DNA Translation: AAT40244.1
CR626934 Genomic DNA Translation: CAH10199.1
CT009735 Genomic DNA Translation: CAJ15420.1
AB262660 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE96109.1
PIRiS46514

3D structure databases

SMRiQ10464
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiQ10464

Phylogenomic databases

HOGENOMiCLU_1621987_0_0_1
OMAiCEQMSET

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ10464 baseline
GenevisibleiQ10464 TA

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR006106 Allergen/soft/tryp_amyl_inhib
IPR036312 Bifun_inhib/LTP/seed_sf
IPR016140 Bifunc_inhib/LTP/seed_store
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00234 Tryp_alpha_amyl, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00808 AMLASEINHBTR
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00499 AAI, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47699 SSF47699, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPUIB_WHEAT
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q10464
Secondary accession number(s): Q546N5
, Q5BHS0, Q6ISY2, Q6J5P4
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: June 17, 2020
This is version 100 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome
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