Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 85 (25 May 2022)
Sequence version 1 (05 Sep 2006)
Previous versions | rss
Add a publicationFeedback
Protein

Pro-interleukin-16

Gene

IL16

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Interleukin-16 stimulates a migratory response in CD4+ lymphocytes, monocytes, and eosinophils. Primes CD4+ T-cells for IL-2 and IL-15 responsiveness. Also induces T-lymphocyte expression of interleukin 2 receptor. Ligand for CD4 (By similarity).

By similarity

Pro-interleukin-16 is involved in cell cycle progression in T-cells. Appears to be involved in transcriptional regulation of SKP2 and is probably part of a transcriptional repression complex on the core promoter of the SKP2 gene. May act as a scaffold for GABPB1 (the DNA-binding subunit the GABP transcription factor complex) and HDAC3 thus maintaining transcriptional repression and blocking cell cycle progression in resting T-cells (By similarity).

By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCytokine
Biological processChemotaxis, Transcription, Transcription regulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Pro-interleukin-16
Cleaved into the following chain:
Interleukin-16
Short name:
IL-16
Alternative name(s):
Lymphocyte chemoattractant factor
Short name:
LCF
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:IL16
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 21

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen, Vector and Host Database Resources

More...
VEuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSBTAG00000010963

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:53943, IL16

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus, Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00003775411 – 627Pro-interleukin-16Add BLAST627
ChainiPRO_0000274206508 – 627Interleukin-16By similarityAdd BLAST120

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q0V8R5

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
Q0V8R5, baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homotetramer (Probable). Pro-interleukin-16 interacts (via PDZ 2 domain) with PPP1R12A, PPP1R12B and PPP1R12C. Pro-interleukin-16 interacts with GRIN2A. Pro-interleukin-16 interacts with GABPB1. Pro-interleukin-16 interacts (via PDZ 3 domain) with HDAC3 (By similarity).

By similarityCurated

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000014556

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

AlphaFold Protein Structure Database

More...
AlphaFoldDBi
Q0V8R5

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q0V8R5

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini408 – 493PDZ 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST86
Domaini529 – 614PDZ 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST86

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni38 – 270DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST233
Regioni319 – 341DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Regioni402 – 498Interaction with PPP1R12A, PPP1R12B and PPP1R12CBy similarityAdd BLAST97

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular type of amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi131 – 145Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST15
Compositional biasi205 – 239Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST35
Compositional biasi325 – 341Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST17

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3528, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000156178

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_007677_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q0V8R5

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
225688at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.30.42.10, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR020450, IL-16
IPR001478, PDZ
IPR036034, PDZ_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00595, PDZ, 2 hits

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01931, INTRLEUKIN16

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00228, PDZ, 2 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF50156, SSF50156, 2 hits

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50106, PDZ, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q0V8R5-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDYSLETTAE DPWVRISDCI KNLFSPIMSE NHNHVPLQPD APLGEEDGMR
60 70 80 90 100
GHPDGAAAKL DTTGGGPKAY KQAGGSTVKK GPPVAPKPAW FRQSLKGLRN
110 120 130 140 150
RVPDSRREMA ASCQPTPTSR ERPGPPLRAS SSIKQRISSF ETFSSAHPPD
160 170 180 190 200
RGAQRLSLQA SSSSGEAAEL PRKQEGERAS GPSGQGAPPT MEQQRPEPEQ
210 220 230 240 250
LPPASPATSE ASNPGVSGHP PLEQQPGQKT LSSDPDPLSR LLATQMEGPR
260 270 280 290 300
GPVVKMPSQR ARSFPLSRTQ SCEMKPLDEK TSKLYSISSQ VSSAVMKSLL
310 320 330 340 350
CLPSSLSFGQ IPCSPKEGVL PPTAFSEDPT NSSAEASASD TSFSLNLSEL
360 370 380 390 400
REYTEGLSES TEANDCDHCT SQPGQSVISL LSTEELKKLI EEVKVLDEAT
410 420 430 440 450
LKQLDSIHVT ILHKEEGAGL GFSLAGGADL ENKVITVHRV FPNGLASQEG
460 470 480 490 500
TIQKGNEVLS INGKSLKGAT HNDALAILRQ AREPRQAVIV TRRPTLEATT
510 520 530 540 550
DLNSSTDSSG SASVTSDVSI ESAEATVCTV TLEKTSAGLG FSLEGGKGSL
560 570 580 590 600
HGDKPLTVNR IFKGLASEQS DTVQPGDEIV HLAGTAMQGL TRFEAWNIIK
610 620
ALPDGPVTIV LRRKSLQSKG TPAAGDP
Length:627
Mass (Da):66,428
Last modified:September 5, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i0FF711FEACAA7933
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A3Q1MHU6A0A3Q1MHU6_BOVIN
Pro-interleukin-16
IL16
787Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BT026153 mRNA Translation: ABG66992.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001068721.1, NM_001075253.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000014556; ENSBTAP00000014556; ENSBTAG00000010963

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
506314

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:506314

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BT026153 mRNA Translation: ABG66992.1
RefSeqiNP_001068721.1, NM_001075253.1

3D structure databases

AlphaFoldDBiQ0V8R5
SMRiQ0V8R5
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000014556

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ0V8R5

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000014556; ENSBTAP00000014556; ENSBTAG00000010963
GeneIDi506314
KEGGibta:506314

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
3603
VEuPathDBiHostDB:ENSBTAG00000010963
VGNCiVGNC:53943, IL16

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3528, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000156178
HOGENOMiCLU_007677_0_0_1
InParanoidiQ0V8R5
OrthoDBi225688at2759

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ0V8R5, baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.30.42.10, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR020450, IL-16
IPR001478, PDZ
IPR036034, PDZ_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00595, PDZ, 2 hits
PRINTSiPR01931, INTRLEUKIN16
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00228, PDZ, 2 hits
SUPFAMiSSF50156, SSF50156, 2 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50106, PDZ, 2 hits

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiIL16_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q0V8R5
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 6, 2007
Last sequence update: September 5, 2006
Last modified: May 25, 2022
This is version 85 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again