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Entry version 97 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (31 Oct 2006)
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Protein

Glutamine--fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase [isomerizing] 2

Gene

GFPT2

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. Most likely involved in regulating the availability of precursors for N- and O-linked glycosylation of proteins (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes alpha-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate from D-fructose 6-phosphate.By similarity
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Glutamine--fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase [isomerizing] 2 (GFPT2)
This subpathway is part of the pathway UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Nucleotide-sugar biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes alpha-D-glucosamine 6-phosphate from D-fructose 6-phosphate, the pathway UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-glucosamine biosynthesis and in Nucleotide-sugar biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei2For GATase activityBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei427SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei578SubstrateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAminotransferase, Transferase

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-446210 Synthesis of UDP-N-acetyl-glucosamine

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
Q08DQ2

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00113;UER00528

Protein family/group databases

MEROPS protease database

More...
MEROPSi
C44.975

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glutamine--fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase [isomerizing] 2 (EC:2.6.1.16By similarity)
Alternative name(s):
D-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 2
Glutamine:fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase 2
Short name:
GFAT 2
Short name:
GFAT2
Hexosephosphate aminotransferase 2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GFPT2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002873572 – 682Glutamine--fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase [isomerizing] 2Add BLAST681

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei244PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q08DQ2

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q08DQ2

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000002215 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in testis

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000002867

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini2 – 288Glutamine amidotransferase type-2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST287
Domaini360 – 499SIS 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST140
Domaini531 – 672SIS 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST142

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni377 – 378Substrate-bindingBy similarity2
Regioni422 – 424Substrate-bindingBy similarity3

Keywords - Domaini

Glutamine amidotransferase, Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1268 Eukaryota
COG0449 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000258898

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q08DQ2

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00820

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
TSYYSGC

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
262871at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF300864

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd05008 SIS_GlmS_GlmD_1, 1 hit
cd05009 SIS_GlmS_GlmD_2, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR017932 GATase_2_dom
IPR035466 GlmS/AgaS_SIS
IPR035490 GlmS/FrlB_SIS
IPR005855 GlmS_trans
IPR029055 Ntn_hydrolases_N
IPR001347 SIS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01380 SIS, 2 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56235 SSF56235, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01135 glmS, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51278 GATASE_TYPE_2, 1 hit
PS51464 SIS, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q08DQ2-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MCGIFAYMNY RVPRTRKEIF ETLIKGLQRL EYRGYDSAGV AIDGNNNEVK
60 70 80 90 100
ERHIQLVKKR GNVKALDEEL YKQDSMDLKV EFETHFGIAH TRWATHGVPS
110 120 130 140 150
AVNSHPQRSD KGNEFVVIHN GIITNYKDLR KFLESKGYEF ESETDTETIA
160 170 180 190 200
KLIKYVFDNR ETEDITFSTL VERVIQQLEG AFALVFKSIH YPGEAVATRR
210 220 230 240 250
GSPLLIGVRS KYKLSTEQIP VLYRTRNIEN VKNICKTRMK RLDSSTCLHA
260 270 280 290 300
VGNKAVEFFF ASDASAIIEH TNRVIFLEDD DIAAVADGKL SIHRVKRLAS
310 320 330 340 350
DDPSRAIQTL QMELQQIMKG NFSAFMQKEI FEQPESVFNT MRGRVNFETN
360 370 380 390 400
TVLLGGLKDH LKEIRRCRRL IVIGCGTSYH AAVATRQVLE ELTELPVMVE
410 420 430 440 450
LASDFLDRNT PVFRDDVCFF ISQSGETADT LLALRYCKDR RALTVGVTNT
460 470 480 490 500
VGSSISRETD CGVHINAGPE IGVASTKAYT SQFISLVMFG LMMSEDRISL
510 520 530 540 550
QNRRREIIHG LKSLPELIKE VLSLDEKIHD LALELYTQRS LLVMGRGYNY
560 570 580 590 600
ATCLEGALKI KEITYMHSEG ILAGELKHGP LALIDKQMPV IMVIMKDPCF
610 620 630 640 650
AKCQNALQQV TARQGRPIIL CSKDDTESSK FAYKTIELPH TVDCLQGILS
660 670 680
VIPLQLLSFH LAVLRGYDVD FPRNLAKSVT VE
Length:682
Mass (Da):77,081
Last modified:October 31, 2006 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i773A71B230746130
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC123624 mRNA Translation: AAI23625.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001070351.1, NM_001076883.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
530101

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:530101

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC123624 mRNA Translation: AAI23625.1
RefSeqiNP_001070351.1, NM_001076883.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000002867

Protein family/group databases

MEROPSiC44.975

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ08DQ2
PRIDEiQ08DQ2

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi530101
KEGGibta:530101

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
9945

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1268 Eukaryota
COG0449 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000258898
InParanoidiQ08DQ2
KOiK00820
OMAiTSYYSGC
OrthoDBi262871at2759
TreeFamiTF300864

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00113;UER00528
ReactomeiR-BTA-446210 Synthesis of UDP-N-acetyl-glucosamine
SABIO-RKiQ08DQ2

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000002215 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in testis

Family and domain databases

CDDicd05008 SIS_GlmS_GlmD_1, 1 hit
cd05009 SIS_GlmS_GlmD_2, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR017932 GATase_2_dom
IPR035466 GlmS/AgaS_SIS
IPR035490 GlmS/FrlB_SIS
IPR005855 GlmS_trans
IPR029055 Ntn_hydrolases_N
IPR001347 SIS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01380 SIS, 2 hits
SUPFAMiSSF56235 SSF56235, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01135 glmS, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51278 GATASE_TYPE_2, 1 hit
PS51464 SIS, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGFPT2_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q08DQ2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 15, 2007
Last sequence update: October 31, 2006
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 97 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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