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Entry version 130 (10 Apr 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 1994)
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Protein

Alanine dehydrogenase

Gene

ald

Organism
Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the reversible oxidative deamination of L-alanine to pyruvate. This enzyme is a key factor in the assimilation of L-alanine as an energy source through the tricarboxylic acid cycle during sporulation.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-alanine degradation via dehydrogenase pathway

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes NH(3) and pyruvate from L-alanine.
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Alanine dehydrogenase (ald)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-alanine degradation via dehydrogenase pathway, which is itself part of Amino-acid degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes NH(3) and pyruvate from L-alanine, the pathway L-alanine degradation via dehydrogenase pathway and in Amino-acid degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei15SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei74SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei95Proton donor/acceptorBy similarity1
Binding sitei132NADBy similarity1
Binding sitei196NADBy similarity1
Binding sitei218NADBy similarity1
Active sitei268Proton donor/acceptorBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi176 – 177NADBy similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi237 – 238NADBy similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi265 – 268NADBy similarity4
Nucleotide bindingi297 – 300NADBy similarity4

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • alanine dehydrogenase activity Source: UniProtKB
  • nucleotide binding Source: UniProtKB-KW

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processSporulation
LigandNAD, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
BSUB:BSU31930-MONOMER
MetaCyc:MONOMER-12812

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
1.4.1.1 658

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
Q08352

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00527;UER00585

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Alanine dehydrogenase (EC:1.4.1.1)
Alternative name(s):
Stage V sporulation protein N
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ald
Synonyms:spoVN
Ordered Locus Names:BSU31930
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBacillus subtilis (strain 168)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri224308 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeBacillus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001570 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

  • cytosol Source: UniProtKB
  • plasma membrane Source: GO_Central

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Disruption of ald causes a sporulation defect.1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001989921 – 378Alanine dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST378

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
Q08352

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q08352

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q08352

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Early during sporulation, by alanine and by AdeR.2 Publications

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homohexamer. Trimer of dimer (By similarity).By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
224308.BSU31930

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q08352

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q08352

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the AlaDH/PNT family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105DCF Bacteria
COG0686 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000022120

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q08352

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00259

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
HITTHDQ

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q08352

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd05305 L-AlaDH, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR008141 Ala_DH
IPR008143 Ala_DH/PNT_CS2
IPR008142 AlaDH/PNT_CS1
IPR007886 AlaDH/PNT_N
IPR007698 AlaDH/PNT_NAD(H)-bd
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR42795 PTHR42795, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01262 AlaDh_PNT_C, 1 hit
PF05222 AlaDh_PNT_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000183 Alanine_dh, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01002 AlaDh_PNT_C, 1 hit
SM01003 AlaDh_PNT_N, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00518 alaDH, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00836 ALADH_PNT_1, 1 hit
PS00837 ALADH_PNT_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q08352-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MIIGVPKEIK NNENRVALTP GGVSQLISNG HRVLVETGAG LGSGFENEAY
60 70 80 90 100
ESAGAEIIAD PKQVWDAEMV MKVKEPLPEE YVYFRKGLVL FTYLHLAAEP
110 120 130 140 150
ELAQALKDKG VTAIAYETVS EGRTLPLLTP MSEVAGRMAA QIGAQFLEKP
160 170 180 190 200
KGGKGILLAG VPGVSRGKVT IIGGGVVGTN AAKMAVGLGA DVTIIDLNAD
210 220 230 240 250
RLRQLDDIFG HQIKTLISNP VNIADAVAEA DLLICAVLIP GAKAPTLVTE
260 270 280 290 300
EMVKQMKPGS VIVDVAIDQG GIVETVDHIT THDQPTYEKH GVVHYAVANM
310 320 330 340 350
PGAVPRTSTI ALTNVTVPYA LQIANKGAVK ALADNTALRA GLNTANGHVT
360 370
YEAVARDLGY EYVPAEKALQ DESSVAGA
Length:378
Mass (Da):39,684
Last modified:October 1, 1994 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iB5D6113047FCF211
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
L20916 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA16038.1
Z82015 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB04775.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB15181.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A49337

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_391071.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003243280.1, NZ_JNCM01000033.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAB15181; CAB15181; BSU31930

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
936557

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bsu:BSU31930

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|224308.179.peg.3459

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L20916 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA16038.1
Z82015 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB04775.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB15181.1
PIRiA49337
RefSeqiNP_391071.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003243280.1, NZ_JNCM01000033.1

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ08352
SMRiQ08352
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi224308.BSU31930

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiQ08352
PaxDbiQ08352
PRIDEiQ08352

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAB15181; CAB15181; BSU31930
GeneIDi936557
KEGGibsu:BSU31930
PATRICifig|224308.179.peg.3459

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105DCF Bacteria
COG0686 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000022120
InParanoidiQ08352
KOiK00259
OMAiHITTHDQ
PhylomeDBiQ08352

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00527;UER00585

BioCyciBSUB:BSU31930-MONOMER
MetaCyc:MONOMER-12812
BRENDAi1.4.1.1 658
SABIO-RKiQ08352

Family and domain databases

CDDicd05305 L-AlaDH, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR008141 Ala_DH
IPR008143 Ala_DH/PNT_CS2
IPR008142 AlaDH/PNT_CS1
IPR007886 AlaDH/PNT_N
IPR007698 AlaDH/PNT_NAD(H)-bd
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR42795 PTHR42795, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01262 AlaDh_PNT_C, 1 hit
PF05222 AlaDh_PNT_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000183 Alanine_dh, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01002 AlaDh_PNT_C, 1 hit
SM01003 AlaDh_PNT_N, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00518 alaDH, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00836 ALADH_PNT_1, 1 hit
PS00837 ALADH_PNT_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiDHA_BACSU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q08352
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1994
Last sequence update: October 1, 1994
Last modified: April 10, 2019
This is version 130 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  3. Bacillus subtilis
    Bacillus subtilis (strain 168): entries, gene names and cross-references to SubtiList
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