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Protein

Glutathione synthetase

Gene

GSH2

Organism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

Present with 3430 molecules/cell in log phase SD medium.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+1 PublicationNote: Binds 1 Mg2+ ion per subunit.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: glutathione biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 2 of the subpathway that synthesizes glutathione from L-cysteine and L-glutamate.
Proteins known to be involved in the 2 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Glutamate--cysteine ligase (GSH1)
  2. Glutathione synthetase (GSH2)
This subpathway is part of the pathway glutathione biosynthesis, which is itself part of Sulfur metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes glutathione from L-cysteine and L-glutamate, the pathway glutathione biosynthesis and in Sulfur metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei128Substrate1 Publication1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi146Magnesium1
Binding sitei146ATP1
Metal bindingi148MagnesiumBy similarity1
Binding sitei234Substrate1 Publication1
Binding sitei324ATP1
Metal bindingi386Magnesium1
Binding sitei393ATP1
Binding sitei442ATP1
Binding sitei467SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei469ATP1
Binding sitei475ATP; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi382 – 391ATP10
Nucleotide bindingi415 – 418ATP4

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

  • glutathione biosynthetic process Source: SGD

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLigase
Biological processGlutathione biosynthesis
LigandATP-binding, Magnesium, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
YEAST:YOL049W-MONOMER

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
6.3.2.3 984

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-SCE-174403 Glutathione synthesis and recycling

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00142;UER00210

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glutathione synthetase (EC:6.3.2.3)
Short name:
GSH synthetase
Short name:
GSH-S
Alternative name(s):
Glutathione synthase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GSH2
Ordered Locus Names:YOL049W
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSaccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri559292 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesSaccharomycetaceaeSaccharomyces
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002311 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome XV

Organism-specific databases

Saccharomyces Genome Database

More...
SGDi
S000005409 GSH2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002112661 – 491Glutathione synthetaseAdd BLAST491

Proteomic databases

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

More...
MaxQBi
Q08220

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q08220

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q08220

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
Q08220

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
34354, 129 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q08220, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4932.YOL049W

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1491
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q08220

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q08220

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
Q08220

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni150 – 153Substrate binding4
Regioni228 – 230Substrate binding3
Regioni285 – 288Substrate binding4
Regioni478 – 479Substrate bindingBy similarity2

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the eukaryotic GSH synthase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000013764

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000172641

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
Q08220

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K21456

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
DQRHLEY

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG092C36B7

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00228 eu-GS, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.1080.10, 1 hit
3.30.1490.50, 1 hit
3.30.1490.80, 1 hit
3.40.50.1760, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR005615 Glutathione_synthase
IPR014042 Glutathione_synthase_a-hlx
IPR014709 Glutathione_synthase_C_euk
IPR014049 Glutathione_synthase_N_euk
IPR037013 GSH-S_sub-bd_sf
IPR004887 GSH_synth_subst-bd
IPR016185 PreATP-grasp_dom_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11130 PTHR11130, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF03917 GSH_synth_ATP, 1 hit
PF03199 GSH_synthase, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001558 GSHase, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52440 SSF52440, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01986 glut_syn_euk, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q08220-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAHYPPSKDQ LNELIQEVNQ WAITNGLSMY PPKFEENPSN ASVSPVTIYP
60 70 80 90 100
TPIPRKCFDE AVQIQPVFNE LYARITQDMA QPDSYLHKTT EALALSDSEF
110 120 130 140 150
TGKLWSLYLA TLKSAQYKKQ NFRLGIFRSD YLIDKKKGTE QIKQVEFNTV
160 170 180 190 200
SVSFAGLSEK VDRLHSYLNR ANKYDPKGPI YNDQNMVISD SGYLLSKALA
210 220 230 240 250
KAVESYKSQQ SSSTTSDPIV AFIVQRNERN VFDQKVLELN LLEKFGTKSV
260 270 280 290 300
RLTFDDVNDK LFIDDKTGKL FIRDTEQEIA VVYYRTGYTT TDYTSEKDWE
310 320 330 340 350
ARLFLEKSFA IKAPDLLTQL SGSKKIQQLL TDEGVLGKYI SDAEKKSSLL
360 370 380 390 400
KTFVKIYPLD DTKLGREGKR LALSEPSKYV LKPQREGGGN NVYKENIPNF
410 420 430 440 450
LKGIEERHWD AYILMELIEP ELNENNIILR DNKSYNEPII SELGIYGCVL
460 470 480 490
FNDEQVLSNE FSGSLLRSKF NTSNEGGVAA GFGCLDSIIL Y
Length:491
Mass (Da):55,815
Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iD2AE50A487E0791C
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
Y13804 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA74136.1
Z74791 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA99054.1
AY723864 Genomic DNA Translation: AAU09781.1
BK006948 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA10734.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S66734

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_014593.1, NM_001183303.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
YOL049W_mRNA; YOL049W_mRNA; YOL049W

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
854108

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sce:YOL049W

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
Y13804 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA74136.1
Z74791 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA99054.1
AY723864 Genomic DNA Translation: AAU09781.1
BK006948 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA10734.1
PIRiS66734
RefSeqiNP_014593.1, NM_001183303.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
1M0TX-ray2.30A/B1-491[»]
1M0WX-ray1.80A/B1-491[»]
ProteinModelPortaliQ08220
SMRiQ08220
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi34354, 129 interactors
IntActiQ08220, 1 interactor
STRINGi4932.YOL049W

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ08220

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiQ08220
PaxDbiQ08220
PRIDEiQ08220

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiYOL049W_mRNA; YOL049W_mRNA; YOL049W
GeneIDi854108
KEGGisce:YOL049W

Organism-specific databases

SGDiS000005409 GSH2

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00390000013764
HOGENOMiHOG000172641
InParanoidiQ08220
KOiK21456
OMAiDQRHLEY
OrthoDBiEOG092C36B7

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00142;UER00210

BioCyciYEAST:YOL049W-MONOMER
BRENDAi6.3.2.3 984
ReactomeiR-SCE-174403 Glutathione synthesis and recycling

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ08220

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q08220

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00228 eu-GS, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.1080.10, 1 hit
3.30.1490.50, 1 hit
3.30.1490.80, 1 hit
3.40.50.1760, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005615 Glutathione_synthase
IPR014042 Glutathione_synthase_a-hlx
IPR014709 Glutathione_synthase_C_euk
IPR014049 Glutathione_synthase_N_euk
IPR037013 GSH-S_sub-bd_sf
IPR004887 GSH_synth_subst-bd
IPR016185 PreATP-grasp_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR11130 PTHR11130, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03917 GSH_synth_ATP, 1 hit
PF03199 GSH_synthase, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001558 GSHase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52440 SSF52440, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01986 glut_syn_euk, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGSHB_YEAST
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q08220
Secondary accession number(s): D6W218
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 169 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Yeast
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae): entries, gene names and cross-references to SGD
  2. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  4. Yeast chromosome XV
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) chromosome XV: entries and gene names
  5. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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