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Entry version 147 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Nov 1996)
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Protein

D-xylulose reductase

Gene

XYL2

Organism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+By similarityNote: Binds 1 zinc ion per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=1.1 mM for D-xylose1 Publication
  2. KM=240 µM for NADH1 Publication
  3. KM=25 mM for xylitol1 Publication
  4. KM=100 µM for NAD1 Publication

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-arabinose degradation via L-arabinitol

    This protein is involved in step 4 of the subpathway that synthesizes D-xylulose 5-phosphate from L-arabinose (fungal route).
    Proteins known to be involved in the 5 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
    1. no protein annotated in this organism
    2. no protein annotated in this organism
    3. no protein annotated in this organism
    4. D-xylulose reductase (XYL2)
    5. no protein annotated in this organism
    This subpathway is part of the pathway L-arabinose degradation via L-arabinitol, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
    View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes D-xylulose 5-phosphate from L-arabinose (fungal route), the pathway L-arabinose degradation via L-arabinitol and in Carbohydrate degradation.

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi44Zinc; catalyticBy similarity1
    Metal bindingi69Zinc; catalyticBy similarity1
    Metal bindingi155Zinc; catalyticBy similarity1

    Regions

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi179 – 184NADSequence analysis6

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    GO - Biological processi

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionOxidoreductase
    Biological processCarbohydrate metabolism, Xylose metabolism
    LigandMetal-binding, NAD, Zinc

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

    More...
    BioCyci
    YEAST:YLR070C-MONOMER

    SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

    More...
    SABIO-RKi
    Q07993

    UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

    More...
    UniPathwayi
    UPA00146;UER00577

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    D-xylulose reductase (EC:1.1.1.9)
    Alternative name(s):
    Xylitol dehydrogenase
    Short name:
    XDH
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:XYL2
    Ordered Locus Names:YLR070C
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSaccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri559292 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesSaccharomycetaceaeSaccharomyces
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
    • UP000002311 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome XII

    Organism-specific databases

    Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

    More...
    EuPathDBi
    FungiDB:YLR070C

    Saccharomyces Genome Database

    More...
    SGDi
    S000004060 XYL2

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002709251 – 356D-xylulose reductaseAdd BLAST356

    Proteomic databases

    PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

    More...
    PaxDbi
    Q07993

    PRoteomics IDEntifications database

    More...
    PRIDEi
    Q07993

    <p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

    By xylose.1 Publication

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

    More...
    BioGridi
    31344, 74 interactors

    Database of interacting proteins

    More...
    DIPi
    DIP-4533N

    Protein interaction database and analysis system

    More...
    IntActi
    Q07993, 2 interactors

    STRING: functional protein association networks

    More...
    STRINGi
    4932.YLR070C

    Miscellaneous databases

    RNAct, Protein-RNA interaction predictions for model organisms.

    More...
    RNActi
    Q07993 protein

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    3D structure databases

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    Q07993

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Phylogenomic databases

    The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

    More...
    HOGENOMi
    HOG000294670

    InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

    More...
    InParanoidi
    Q07993

    KEGG Orthology (KO)

    More...
    KOi
    K05351

    Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

    More...
    OMAi
    CESMGFI

    Family and domain databases

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR013149 ADH_C
    IPR013154 ADH_N
    IPR002328 ADH_Zn_CS
    IPR011032 GroES-like_sf
    IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
    IPR020843 PKS_ER

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF08240 ADH_N, 1 hit
    PF00107 ADH_zinc_N, 1 hit

    Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

    More...
    SMARTi
    View protein in SMART
    SM00829 PKS_ER, 1 hit

    Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

    More...
    SUPFAMi
    SSF50129 SSF50129, 1 hit
    SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit

    PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

    More...
    PROSITEi
    View protein in PROSITE
    PS00059 ADH_ZINC, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    Q07993-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MTDLTTQEAI VLERPGKITL TNVSIPKISD PNEVIIQIKA TGICGSDIHY
    60 70 80 90 100
    YTHGRIANYV VESPMVLGHE SSGIVALIGE NVKTLKVGDR VALEPGIPDR
    110 120 130 140 150
    FSPEMKEGRY NLDPNLKFAA TPPFDGTLTK YYKTMKDFVY KLPDDVSFEE
    160 170 180 190 200
    GALIEPLSVA IHANKLAKIK FGARCVVFGA GPIGLLAGKV ASVFGAADVV
    210 220 230 240 250
    FVDLLENKLE TARQFGATHI VNSGDLPHGV TVDSVIKKAI GKKGADVVFE
    260 270 280 290 300
    CSGAEPCVRA GIEVCKAGGT IVQVGMGQEE IQFPISIIPT KELTFQGCFR
    310 320 330 340 350
    YCQGDYSDSI ELVSSRKLSL KPFITHRYSF KDAVEAFEET SHHPLNNIKT

    IIEGPE
    Length:356
    Mass (Da):38,600
    Last modified:November 1, 1996 - v1
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i5DFD19BDB2E0AE00
    GO

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    Z73242 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA97627.1
    BK006945 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA09387.1

    Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

    More...
    PIRi
    S64902

    NCBI Reference Sequences

    More...
    RefSeqi
    NP_013171.1, NM_001181957.1

    Genome annotation databases

    Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

    More...
    EnsemblFungii
    YLR070C_mRNA; YLR070C; YLR070C

    Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

    More...
    GeneIDi
    850759

    KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

    More...
    KEGGi
    sce:YLR070C

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    Z73242 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA97627.1
    BK006945 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA09387.1
    PIRiS64902
    RefSeqiNP_013171.1, NM_001181957.1

    3D structure databases

    SMRiQ07993
    ModBaseiSearch...

    Protein-protein interaction databases

    BioGridi31344, 74 interactors
    DIPiDIP-4533N
    IntActiQ07993, 2 interactors
    STRINGi4932.YLR070C

    Proteomic databases

    PaxDbiQ07993
    PRIDEiQ07993

    Genome annotation databases

    EnsemblFungiiYLR070C_mRNA; YLR070C; YLR070C
    GeneIDi850759
    KEGGisce:YLR070C

    Organism-specific databases

    EuPathDBiFungiDB:YLR070C
    SGDiS000004060 XYL2

    Phylogenomic databases

    HOGENOMiHOG000294670
    InParanoidiQ07993
    KOiK05351
    OMAiCESMGFI

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    UniPathwayiUPA00146;UER00577
    BioCyciYEAST:YLR070C-MONOMER
    SABIO-RKiQ07993

    Miscellaneous databases

    Protein Ontology

    More...
    PROi
    PR:Q07993
    RNActiQ07993 protein

    Family and domain databases

    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR013149 ADH_C
    IPR013154 ADH_N
    IPR002328 ADH_Zn_CS
    IPR011032 GroES-like_sf
    IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
    IPR020843 PKS_ER
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF08240 ADH_N, 1 hit
    PF00107 ADH_zinc_N, 1 hit
    SMARTiView protein in SMART
    SM00829 PKS_ER, 1 hit
    SUPFAMiSSF50129 SSF50129, 1 hit
    SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
    PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
    PS00059 ADH_ZINC, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiXYL2_YEAST
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q07993
    Secondary accession number(s): D6VY71
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: January 9, 2007
    Last sequence update: November 1, 1996
    Last modified: December 11, 2019
    This is version 147 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    Reference proteome

    Documents

    1. PATHWAY comments
      Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
    2. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
    3. Yeast
      Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae): entries, gene names and cross-references to SGD
    4. Yeast chromosome XII
      Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) chromosome XII: entries and gene names
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