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Protein

15-cis-phytoene desaturase, chloroplastic/chromoplastic

Gene

PDS

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Converts phytoene into zeta-carotene via the intermediary of phytofluene by the symmetrical introduction of two double bonds at the C-11 and C-11' positions of phytoene with a concomitant isomerization of two neighboring double bonds at the C9 and C9' positions from trans to cis.1 Publication

Catalytic activityi

15-cis-phytoene + 2 plastoquinone = 9,15,9'-tri-cis-zeta-carotene + 2 plastoquinol.1 Publication

Cofactori

FADBy similarity

Pathwayi: lycopene biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway lycopene biosynthesis, which is part of Carotenoid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway lycopene biosynthesis and in Carotenoid biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Binding sitei103FAD; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei130FADBy similarity1
Binding sitei153FADBy similarity1
Binding sitei288SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei330FAD; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei519FADBy similarity1
Binding sitei527Substrate; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei529FAD; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Nucleotide bindingi122 – 123FADBy similarity2
Nucleotide bindingi147 – 148FADBy similarity2

GO - Molecular functioni

  • phytoene dehydrogenase activity Source: TAIR

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processCarotenoid biosynthesis
LigandFAD, Flavoprotein

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciMetaCyc:AT4G14210-MONOMER
BRENDAi1.3.5.5 399
UniPathwayi
UPA00803

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
15-cis-phytoene desaturase, chloroplastic/chromoplasticCurated (EC:1.3.5.51 Publication)
Alternative name(s):
Phytoene dehydrogenaseCurated
Phytoene desaturase1 Publication
Gene namesi
Name:PDS
Ordered Locus Names:At4g14210
ORF Names:dl3145c
OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 Componenti: Chromosome 4

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT4G14210
TAIRilocus:2129515 AT4G14210

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Chloroplast, Chromoplast, Membrane, Plastid

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Transit peptidei1 – 86Chloroplast and chromoplastSequence analysisAdd BLAST86
ChainiPRO_000000632287 – 56615-cis-phytoene desaturase, chloroplastic/chromoplasticAdd BLAST480

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ07356
PRIDEiQ07356

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ07356

Expressioni

Developmental stagei

Ripening fruit.

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ07356 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ07356 AT

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi3702.AT4G14210.1

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ07356
SMRiQ07356
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IUNM Eukaryota
COG3349 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000150110
InParanoidiQ07356
KOiK02293
OMAiESGTHCF
OrthoDBiEOG09360525
PhylomeDBiQ07356

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.50.50.60, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002937 Amino_oxidase
IPR036188 FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR014102 Phytoene_desaturase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01593 Amino_oxidase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51905 SSF51905, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02731 phytoene_desat, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry describes 1 isoform i produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Note: A number of isoforms are produced. According to EST sequences.
Isoform 1 (identifier: Q07356-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MVVFGNVSAA NLPYQNGFLE ALSSGGCELM GHSFRVPTSQ ALKTRTRRRS
60 70 80 90 100
TAGPLQVVCV DIPRPELENT VNFLEAASLS ASFRSAPRPA KPLKVVIAGA
110 120 130 140 150
GLAGLSTAKY LADAGHKPLL LEARDVLGGK IAAWKDEDGD WYETGLHIFF
160 170 180 190 200
GAYPNVQNLF GELGINDRLQ WKEHSMIFAM PSKPGEFSRF DFPDVLPAPL
210 220 230 240 250
NGIWAILRNN EMLTWPEKIK FAIGLLPAMV GGQAYVEAQD GLSVKEWMEK
260 270 280 290 300
QGVPERVTDE VFIAMSKALN FINPDELSMQ CILIALNRFL QEKHGSKMAF
310 320 330 340 350
LDGNPPERLC MPVVDHIRSL GGEVQLNSRI KKIELNDDGT VKSFLLTNGS
360 370 380 390 400
TVEGDAYVFA APVDILKLLL PDPWKEIPYF KKLDKLVGVP VINVHIWFDR
410 420 430 440 450
KLKNTYDHLL FSRSNLLSVY ADMSLTCKEY YDPNRSMLEL VFAPAEEWIS
460 470 480 490 500
RTDSDIIDAT MKELEKLFPD EISADQSKAK ILKYHVVKTP RSVYKTIPNC
510 520 530 540 550
EPCRPLQRSP IEGFYLAGDY TKQKYLASME GAVLSGKFCS QSIVQDYELL
560
AASGPRKLSE ATVSSS
Length:566
Mass (Da):62,964
Last modified:October 1, 1994 - v1
Checksum:iBAA6E522CFBD2694
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L16237 mRNA Translation: AAA20109.1
Z97335 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB10200.1
AL161538 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB78463.1
CP002687 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE83393.1
CP002687 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE83394.2
CP002687 Genomic DNA Translation: ANM67189.1
AF360196 mRNA Translation: AAK25906.1
AY040007 mRNA Translation: AAK64084.1
PIRiF71403
RefSeqiNP_001319934.1, NM_001340907.1 [Q07356-1]
NP_001329033.1, NM_001340908.1 [Q07356-1]
NP_193157.1, NM_117498.4 [Q07356-1]
UniGeneiAt.247

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT4G14210.1; AT4G14210.1; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
AT4G14210.2; AT4G14210.2; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
AT4G14210.3; AT4G14210.3; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
GeneIDi827061
GrameneiAT4G14210.1; AT4G14210.1; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
AT4G14210.2; AT4G14210.2; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
AT4G14210.3; AT4G14210.3; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
KEGGiath:AT4G14210

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

Similar proteinsi

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L16237 mRNA Translation: AAA20109.1
Z97335 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB10200.1
AL161538 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB78463.1
CP002687 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE83393.1
CP002687 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE83394.2
CP002687 Genomic DNA Translation: ANM67189.1
AF360196 mRNA Translation: AAK25906.1
AY040007 mRNA Translation: AAK64084.1
PIRiF71403
RefSeqiNP_001319934.1, NM_001340907.1 [Q07356-1]
NP_001329033.1, NM_001340908.1 [Q07356-1]
NP_193157.1, NM_117498.4 [Q07356-1]
UniGeneiAt.247

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ07356
SMRiQ07356
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi3702.AT4G14210.1

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ07356

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ07356
PRIDEiQ07356

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT4G14210.1; AT4G14210.1; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
AT4G14210.2; AT4G14210.2; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
AT4G14210.3; AT4G14210.3; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
GeneIDi827061
GrameneiAT4G14210.1; AT4G14210.1; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
AT4G14210.2; AT4G14210.2; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
AT4G14210.3; AT4G14210.3; AT4G14210 [Q07356-1]
KEGGiath:AT4G14210

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT4G14210
TAIRilocus:2129515 AT4G14210

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IUNM Eukaryota
COG3349 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000150110
InParanoidiQ07356
KOiK02293
OMAiESGTHCF
OrthoDBiEOG09360525
PhylomeDBiQ07356

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00803

BioCyciMetaCyc:AT4G14210-MONOMER
BRENDAi1.3.5.5 399

Miscellaneous databases

PROiPR:Q07356

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiQ07356 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ07356 AT

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.50.50.60, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002937 Amino_oxidase
IPR036188 FAD/NAD-bd_sf
IPR014102 Phytoene_desaturase
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01593 Amino_oxidase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51905 SSF51905, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02731 phytoene_desat, 1 hit
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiPDS_ARATH
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q07356
Secondary accession number(s): F4JUN0
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1994
Last sequence update: October 1, 1994
Last modified: November 7, 2018
This is version 139 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  3. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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