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Protein

Aldehyde oxidase

Gene

AOX1

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Oxidase with broad substrate specificity, oxidizing aromatic azaheterocycles, such as N1-methylnicotinamide, N-methylphthalazinium and phthalazine, as well as aldehydes, such as benzaldehyde, retinal, pyridoxal, and vanillin. Plays a key role in the metabolism of xenobiotics and drugs containing aromatic azaheterocyclic substituents. Participates in the bioactivation of prodrugs such as famciclovir, catalyzing the oxidation step from 6-deoxypenciclovir to penciclovir, which is a potent antiviral agent. Is probably involved in the regulation of reactive oxygen species homeostasis. May be a prominent source of superoxide generation via the one-electron reduction of molecular oxygen. Also may catalyze nitric oxide (NO) production via the reduction of nitrite to NO with NADH or aldehyde as electron donor. May play a role in adipogenesis.9 Publications

Miscellaneous

AOX genes evolved from a xanthine oxidoreductase ancestral precursor via a series of gene duplication and suppression/deletion events. Different animal species contain a different complement of AOX genes encoding an equivalent number of AOX isoenzymes. In mammals, the two extremes are represented by certain rodents such as mice and rats, which are endowed with 4 AOX genes, and by humans, whose genome is characterized by a single active gene (PubMed:22335465).1 Publication

Caution

Was originally thought to be a xanthine dehydrogenase.1 Publication

Catalytic activityi

An aldehyde + H2O + O2 = a carboxylate + H2O2.2 Publications
Retinal + O2 + H2O = retinoate + H2O2.By similarity

Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:

Activity regulationi

Is very potently inhibited by raloxifene (PubMed:26842593). Also inhibited by estradiol, ethinyl estradiol, hydralazine, menadione, isovanillin and thioridazine. Not inhibited by allopurinol, a xanthine dehydrogenase potent inhibitor (PubMed:22031625, PubMed:22522748, PubMed:22996261, PubMed:9224775, PubMed:26322824).6 Publications

Kineticsi

kcat is 6.4 min(-1) for benzaldehyde oxidation, 5.6 min(-1) for phthalazine oxidation, 12.2 min(-1) for phenanthridine oxidation and 5.6 min(-1) for chloroquinazolinone oxidation.1 Publication
  1. KM=4.6 µM for benzaldehyde (in the presence of 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol as electron acceptor)1 Publication
  2. KM=45.18 µM for benzaldehyde (in the presence of ferricyanide as electron acceptor)1 Publication
  3. KM=1.3 µM for phthalazine (at 25 degrees Celsius and pH 7.5)1 Publication
  4. KM=8.96 µM for phthalazine (in the presence of 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol as electron acceptor)1 Publication
  5. KM=125.7 µM for phthalazine (in the presence of ferricyanide as electron acceptor)1 Publication
  6. KM=0.78 µM for phenanthridine (in the pres 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol as electron acceptor)1 Publication
  7. KM=25.5 µM for phenanthridine (in the presence of ferricyanide as electron acceptor)1 Publication
  8. KM=26.53 µM for phenanthridine (in the presence of molecular oxygen as electron acceptor)1 Publication
  9. KM=3.9 µM for phenanthridine (at 25 degrees Celsius and pH 7.5)1 Publication
  10. KM=5.2 µM for chloroquinazolinone (at 25 degrees Celsius and pH 7.5)1 Publication
  11. KM=0.42 mM for 6-deoxypenciclovir (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 7)1 Publication
  12. KM=0.15 mM for famciclovir (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 7)1 Publication
  13. KM=6.3 µM for N-[(2-dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide (at 37 degrees Celsius and pH 7.4)1 Publication
  1. Vmax=16 nmol/min/mg enzyme with 6-deoxypenciclovir as substrate1 Publication
  2. Vmax=61 nmol/min/mg enzyme with famciclovir as substrate1 Publication
  3. Vmax=2.3 nmol/min/mg enzyme with N-[(2-dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide as substrate1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Metal bindingi44Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)Combined sources1 Publication1
Metal bindingi49Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)Combined sources2 Publications1
Metal bindingi52Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)Combined sources2 Publications1
Metal bindingi74Iron-sulfur 1 (2Fe-2S)Combined sources2 Publications1
Binding sitei113MolybdopterinCombined sources1 Publication1
Metal bindingi114Iron-sulfur 2 (2Fe-2S)Combined sources2 Publications1
Metal bindingi117Iron-sulfur 2 (2Fe-2S)Combined sources2 Publications1
Metal bindingi149Iron-sulfur 2 (2Fe-2S)Combined sources2 Publications1
Metal bindingi151Iron-sulfur 2 (2Fe-2S)Combined sources2 Publications1
Binding sitei151MolybdopterinCombined sources2 Publications1
Binding sitei345FAD; via amide nitrogenCombined sources1 Publication1
Binding sitei354FADCombined sources2 Publications1
Binding sitei358FADCombined sources2 Publications1
Binding sitei367FADCombined sources2 Publications1
Binding sitei411FAD; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenCombined sources2 Publications1
Binding sitei1047Molybdopterin; via carbonyl oxygenCombined sources2 Publications1
Binding sitei1203MolybdopterinCombined sources2 Publications1
Binding sitei1268Molybdopterin; via carbonyl oxygenCombined sources1 Publication1
Active sitei1270Proton acceptor; for azaheterocycle hydroxylase activityBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Nucleotide bindingi264 – 271FADCombined sources2 Publications8

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Ligand2Fe-2S, FAD, Flavoprotein, Iron, Iron-sulfur, Metal-binding, Molybdenum

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciMetaCyc:ENSG00000138356-MONOMER
BRENDAi1.2.3.1 2681
ReactomeiR-HSA-964975 Vitamins B6 activation to pyridoxal phosphate
SABIO-RKiQ06278

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Aldehyde oxidaseImported (EC:1.2.3.12 Publications)
Alternative name(s):
Aldehyde oxidase 1
Azaheterocycle hydroxylase2 Publications (EC:1.17.3.-2 Publications)
Gene namesi
Name:AOX1Imported
Synonyms:AO
OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000138356.13
HGNCiHGNC:553 AOX1
MIMi602841 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q06278

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Mutagenesisi44C → W: Disrupts protein stability. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi1269G → R: No effect on dimerization. Loss of oxidase activity. 1 Publication1

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNETi316
OpenTargetsiENSG00000138356
PharmGKBiPA24842

Chemistry databases

ChEMBLiCHEMBL3257
DrugBankiDB00437 Allopurinol
DB00513 Aminocaproic Acid
DB00484 Brimonidine
DB03516 Eniluracil
DB04827 Ethyl carbamate
DB00426 Famciclovir
DB09054 Idelalisib
DB09078 Lenvatinib
DB00170 Menadione
DB01033 Mercaptopurine
DB00563 Methotrexate
DB00157 NADH
DB00339 Pyrazinamide
DB00481 Raloxifene
DB00962 Zaleplon
DB00909 Zonisamide

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiAOX1
DMDMi215273968

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00001661041 – 1338Aldehyde oxidaseAdd BLAST1338

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei1068PhosphoserineCombined sources1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ06278
MaxQBiQ06278
PaxDbiQ06278
PeptideAtlasiQ06278
PRIDEiQ06278
ProteomicsDBi58430

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ06278
PhosphoSitePlusiQ06278

Expressioni

Tissue specificityi

Abundant in liver, expressed in adipose tissue and at lower levels in lung, skeletal muscle, pancreas. In contrast to mice, no significant gender difference in AOX1 expression level (at protein level).7 Publications

Developmental stagei

Not detected in preadipocytes but strongly induced in mature adipocytes.1 Publication

Inductioni

In liver, is down-regulated by adiponectin and by the PPARA agonist, fenofibric acid.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000138356 Expressed in 173 organ(s), highest expression level in adrenal gland
CleanExiHS_AOX1
ExpressionAtlasiQ06278 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ06278 HS

Organism-specific databases

HPAiHPA040199
HPA040215

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homodimer.2 Publications

Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
itself2EBI-3926368,EBI-3926368

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi106813, 7 interactors
DIPiDIP-61698N
IntActiQ06278, 4 interactors
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000363832

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ06278

Structurei

Secondary structure

11338
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ06278
SMRiQ06278
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini5 – 922Fe-2S ferredoxin-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST88
Domaini236 – 421FAD-binding PCMH-typePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST186

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni806 – 807Molybdopterin bindingCombined sources2 Publications2
Regioni1088 – 1091Molybdopterin bindingCombined sources2 Publications4

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the xanthine dehydrogenase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0430 Eukaryota
COG4630 LUCA
COG4631 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000003772
HOGENOMiHOG000191197
HOVERGENiHBG004182
InParanoidiQ06278
KOiK00157
OMAiISVNIPY
OrthoDBiEOG091G01AW
PhylomeDBiQ06278
TreeFamiTF353036

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002888 2Fe-2S-bd
IPR036884 2Fe-2S-bd_dom_sf
IPR036010 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-like_sf
IPR001041 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type
IPR006058 2Fe2S_fd_BS
IPR000674 Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b
IPR036856 Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b_sf
IPR016208 Ald_Oxase/xanthine_DH
IPR014313 Aldehyde_oxidase
IPR008274 AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd
IPR037165 AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd_sf
IPR005107 CO_DH_flav_C
IPR036683 CO_DH_flav_C_dom_sf
IPR016166 FAD-bd_PCMH
IPR036318 FAD-bd_PCMH-like_sf
IPR002346 Mopterin_DH_FAD-bd
IPR022407 OxRdtase_Mopterin_BS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01315 Ald_Xan_dh_C, 1 hit
PF02738 Ald_Xan_dh_C2, 1 hit
PF03450 CO_deh_flav_C, 1 hit
PF00941 FAD_binding_5, 1 hit
PF00111 Fer2, 1 hit
PF01799 Fer2_2, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000127 Xanthine_DH, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01008 Ald_Xan_dh_C, 1 hit
SM01092 CO_deh_flav_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47741 SSF47741, 1 hit
SSF54292 SSF54292, 1 hit
SSF54665 SSF54665, 1 hit
SSF55447 SSF55447, 1 hit
SSF56003 SSF56003, 1 hit
SSF56176 SSF56176, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02969 mam_aldehyde_ox, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00197 2FE2S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51085 2FE2S_FER_2, 1 hit
PS51387 FAD_PCMH, 1 hit
PS00559 MOLYBDOPTERIN_EUK, 1 hit

Sequence (1+)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 3 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Q06278-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MDRASELLFY VNGRKVIEKN VDPETMLLPY LRKKLRLTGT KYGCGGGGCG
60 70 80 90 100
ACTVMISRYN PITKRIRHHP ANACLIPICS LYGAAVTTVE GIGSTHTRIH
110 120 130 140 150
PVQERIAKCH GTQCGFCTPG MVMSIYTLLR NHPEPTLDQL TDALGGNLCR
160 170 180 190 200
CTGYRPIIDA CKTFCKTSGC CQSKENGVCC LDQGINGLPE FEEGSKTSPK
210 220 230 240 250
LFAEEEFLPL DPTQELIFPP ELMIMAEKQS QRTRVFGSER MMWFSPVTLK
260 270 280 290 300
ELLEFKFKYP QAPVIMGNTS VGPEVKFKGV FHPVIISPDR IEELSVVNHA
310 320 330 340 350
YNGLTLGAGL SLAQVKDILA DVVQKLPEEK TQMYHALLKH LGTLAGSQIR
360 370 380 390 400
NMASLGGHII SRHPDSDLNP ILAVGNCTLN LLSKEGKRQI PLNEQFLSKC
410 420 430 440 450
PNADLKPQEI LVSVNIPYSR KWEFVSAFRQ AQRQENALAI VNSGMRVFFG
460 470 480 490 500
EGDGIIRELC ISYGGVGPAT ICAKNSCQKL IGRHWNEQML DIACRLILNE
510 520 530 540 550
VSLLGSAPGG KVEFKRTLII SFLFKFYLEV SQILKKMDPV HYPSLADKYE
560 570 580 590 600
SALEDLHSKH HCSTLKYQNI GPKQHPEDPI GHPIMHLSGV KHATGEAIYC
610 620 630 640 650
DDMPLVDQEL FLTFVTSSRA HAKIVSIDLS EALSMPGVVD IMTAEHLSDV
660 670 680 690 700
NSFCFFTEAE KFLATDKVFC VGQLVCAVLA DSEVQAKRAA KRVKIVYQDL
710 720 730 740 750
EPLILTIEES IQHNSSFKPE RKLEYGNVDE AFKVVDQILE GEIHMGGQEH
760 770 780 790 800
FYMETQSMLV VPKGEDQEMD VYVSTQFPKY IQDIVASTLK LPANKVMCHV
810 820 830 840 850
RRVGGAFGGK VLKTGIIAAV TAFAANKHGR AVRCVLERGE DMLITGGRHP
860 870 880 890 900
YLGKYKAGFM NDGRILALDM EHYSNAGASL DESLFVIEMG LLKMDNAYKF
910 920 930 940 950
PNLRCRGWAC RTNLPSNTAF RGFGFPQAAL ITESCITEVA AKCGLSPEKV
960 970 980 990 1000
RIINMYKEID QTPYKQEINA KNLIQCWREC MAMSSYSLRK VAVEKFNAEN
1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
YWKKKGLAMV PLKFPVGLGS RAAGQAAALV HIYLDGSVLV THGGIEMGQG
1060 1070 1080 1090 1100
VHTKMIQVVS RELRMPMSNV HLRGTSTETV PNANISGGSV VADLNGLAVK
1110 1120 1130 1140 1150
DACQTLLKRL EPIISKNPKG TWKDWAQTAF DESINLSAVG YFRGYESDMN
1160 1170 1180 1190 1200
WEKGEGQPFE YFVYGAACSE VEIDCLTGDH KNIRTDIVMD VGCSINPAID
1210 1220 1230 1240 1250
IGQIEGAFIQ GMGLYTIEEL NYSPQGILHT RGPDQYKIPA ICDMPTELHI
1260 1270 1280 1290 1300
ALLPPSQNSN TLYSSKGLGE SGVFLGCSVF FAIHDAVSAA RQERGLHGPL
1310 1320 1330
TLNSPLTPEK IRMACEDKFT KMIPRDEPGS YVPWNVPI
Length:1,338
Mass (Da):147,918
Last modified:November 25, 2008 - v2
Checksum:i2AB5E543F18C9261
GO

Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 3 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
C9J244C9J244_HUMAN
Aldehyde oxidase
AOX1
151Annotation score:
H7C3Q1H7C3Q1_HUMAN
Aldehyde oxidase
AOX1
190Annotation score:
H7BXF7H7BXF7_HUMAN
Aldehyde oxidase
AOX1
193Annotation score:

Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAA96650 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift at positions 284, 286, 294 and 302.Curated
The sequence AAB83966 differs from that shown. Reason: Frameshift at positions 284, 286, 294 and 302.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Sequence conflicti41K → P in AAA96650 (PubMed:8248161).Curated1
Sequence conflicti41K → P in AAB83966 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti127T → P in AAA96650 (PubMed:8248161).Curated1
Sequence conflicti127T → P in AAB83966 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti152T → H in AAA96650 (PubMed:8248161).Curated1
Sequence conflicti152T → H in AAB83966 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti227E → D in AAA96650 (PubMed:8248161).Curated1
Sequence conflicti227E → D in AAB83966 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti251E → D in AAA96650 (PubMed:8248161).Curated1
Sequence conflicti418Y → I in AAA96650 (PubMed:8248161).Curated1
Sequence conflicti418Y → I in AAB83966 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti501V → L in AAB83966 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti627I → N in AAB83966 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti929A → V in AAA96650 (PubMed:8248161).Curated1
Sequence conflicti929A → V in AAB83966 (Ref. 2) Curated1
Sequence conflicti1019G → A in AAA96650 (PubMed:8248161).Curated1
Sequence conflicti1019G → A in AAB83966 (Ref. 2) Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Natural variantiVAR_061136314Q → R. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs58185012Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_047517802R → C Decreases homodimerization but nearly no effect on kinetic parameters. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs41309768Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_070256921R → H Increases homodimerization; abolishes enzymatic activity on phenanthridine; decreases turnover number with benzaldehyde, phtalazine and chloroquinazolinone as substrate, while nearly no effect on the KM. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs56199635Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_0702571135N → S Increases homodimerization and turnover number with phenanthridine as substrate; nearly no effect on kinetic parameters with benzaldehyde, phtalazine and chloroquinazolinone as substrate. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs55754655Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_0702581271S → L No effect on dimerization; no effect on oxidase activity. 2 PublicationsCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs141786030Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_0475181297H → R Increases homodimerization and turnover number with phenanthridine as substrate; nearly no effect on kinetic parameters with benzaldehyde, phtalazine and chloroquinazolinone as substrate. 1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs3731722Ensembl.1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L11005 mRNA Translation: AAA96650.1 Frameshift.
AF017060
, AF009441, AF009442, AF009443, AF009444, AF009445, AF009446, AF009447, AF009448, AF009449, AF009450, AF009451, AF009452, AF009453, AF009454, AF009455, AF009456, AF009457, AF009458, AF009459, AF009460, AF009461, AF009462, AF009463, AF009464, AF009465, AF009466, AF009467, AF009468, AF009469, AF009470, AF009471, AF009472, AF009473, AF009474 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB83966.1 Frameshift.
AF010260 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB83968.1
AB046692 mRNA Translation: BAB40305.1
AC007163 Genomic DNA Translation: AAX93285.1
AC080164 Genomic DNA Translation: AAY24265.1
CH471063 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW70209.1
BC117179 mRNA Translation: AAI17180.1
BC117181 mRNA Translation: AAI17182.1
CCDSiCCDS33360.1
PIRiA49634
RefSeqiNP_001150.3, NM_001159.3
UniGeneiHs.406238

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000374700; ENSP00000363832; ENSG00000138356
GeneIDi316
KEGGihsa:316
UCSCiuc002uvx.4 human

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

Similar proteinsi

Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L11005 mRNA Translation: AAA96650.1 Frameshift.
AF017060
, AF009441, AF009442, AF009443, AF009444, AF009445, AF009446, AF009447, AF009448, AF009449, AF009450, AF009451, AF009452, AF009453, AF009454, AF009455, AF009456, AF009457, AF009458, AF009459, AF009460, AF009461, AF009462, AF009463, AF009464, AF009465, AF009466, AF009467, AF009468, AF009469, AF009470, AF009471, AF009472, AF009473, AF009474 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB83966.1 Frameshift.
AF010260 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB83968.1
AB046692 mRNA Translation: BAB40305.1
AC007163 Genomic DNA Translation: AAX93285.1
AC080164 Genomic DNA Translation: AAY24265.1
CH471063 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW70209.1
BC117179 mRNA Translation: AAI17180.1
BC117181 mRNA Translation: AAI17182.1
CCDSiCCDS33360.1
PIRiA49634
RefSeqiNP_001150.3, NM_001159.3
UniGeneiHs.406238

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:
PDBei
RCSB PDBi
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
4UHWX-ray2.60A1-1338[»]
4UHXX-ray2.70A1-1338[»]
5EPGX-ray3.39A1-1338[»]
ProteinModelPortaliQ06278
SMRiQ06278
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi106813, 7 interactors
DIPiDIP-61698N
IntActiQ06278, 4 interactors
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000363832

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiQ06278
ChEMBLiCHEMBL3257
DrugBankiDB00437 Allopurinol
DB00513 Aminocaproic Acid
DB00484 Brimonidine
DB03516 Eniluracil
DB04827 Ethyl carbamate
DB00426 Famciclovir
DB09054 Idelalisib
DB09078 Lenvatinib
DB00170 Menadione
DB01033 Mercaptopurine
DB00563 Methotrexate
DB00157 NADH
DB00339 Pyrazinamide
DB00481 Raloxifene
DB00962 Zaleplon
DB00909 Zonisamide

PTM databases

iPTMnetiQ06278
PhosphoSitePlusiQ06278

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiAOX1
DMDMi215273968

Proteomic databases

EPDiQ06278
MaxQBiQ06278
PaxDbiQ06278
PeptideAtlasiQ06278
PRIDEiQ06278
ProteomicsDBi58430

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000374700; ENSP00000363832; ENSG00000138356
GeneIDi316
KEGGihsa:316
UCSCiuc002uvx.4 human

Organism-specific databases

CTDi316
DisGeNETi316
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000138356.13
GeneCardsiAOX1
H-InvDBiHIX0029780
HGNCiHGNC:553 AOX1
HPAiHPA040199
HPA040215
MIMi602841 gene
neXtProtiNX_Q06278
OpenTargetsiENSG00000138356
PharmGKBiPA24842
GenAtlasiSearch...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0430 Eukaryota
COG4630 LUCA
COG4631 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000003772
HOGENOMiHOG000191197
HOVERGENiHBG004182
InParanoidiQ06278
KOiK00157
OMAiISVNIPY
OrthoDBiEOG091G01AW
PhylomeDBiQ06278
TreeFamiTF353036

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciMetaCyc:ENSG00000138356-MONOMER
BRENDAi1.2.3.1 2681
ReactomeiR-HSA-964975 Vitamins B6 activation to pyridoxal phosphate
SABIO-RKiQ06278

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRSiAOX1 human
GeneWikiiAldehyde_oxidase_1
GenomeRNAii316
PROiPR:Q06278
SOURCEiSearch...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000138356 Expressed in 173 organ(s), highest expression level in adrenal gland
CleanExiHS_AOX1
ExpressionAtlasiQ06278 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiQ06278 HS

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002888 2Fe-2S-bd
IPR036884 2Fe-2S-bd_dom_sf
IPR036010 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-like_sf
IPR001041 2Fe-2S_ferredoxin-type
IPR006058 2Fe2S_fd_BS
IPR000674 Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b
IPR036856 Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b_sf
IPR016208 Ald_Oxase/xanthine_DH
IPR014313 Aldehyde_oxidase
IPR008274 AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd
IPR037165 AldOxase/xan_DH_Mopterin-bd_sf
IPR005107 CO_DH_flav_C
IPR036683 CO_DH_flav_C_dom_sf
IPR016166 FAD-bd_PCMH
IPR036318 FAD-bd_PCMH-like_sf
IPR002346 Mopterin_DH_FAD-bd
IPR022407 OxRdtase_Mopterin_BS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01315 Ald_Xan_dh_C, 1 hit
PF02738 Ald_Xan_dh_C2, 1 hit
PF03450 CO_deh_flav_C, 1 hit
PF00941 FAD_binding_5, 1 hit
PF00111 Fer2, 1 hit
PF01799 Fer2_2, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000127 Xanthine_DH, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01008 Ald_Xan_dh_C, 1 hit
SM01092 CO_deh_flav_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47741 SSF47741, 1 hit
SSF54292 SSF54292, 1 hit
SSF54665 SSF54665, 1 hit
SSF55447 SSF55447, 1 hit
SSF56003 SSF56003, 1 hit
SSF56176 SSF56176, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02969 mam_aldehyde_ox, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00197 2FE2S_FER_1, 1 hit
PS51085 2FE2S_FER_2, 1 hit
PS51387 FAD_PCMH, 1 hit
PS00559 MOLYBDOPTERIN_EUK, 1 hit
ProtoNetiSearch...

Entry informationi

Entry nameiAOXA_HUMAN
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q06278
Secondary accession number(s): O14765
, Q53RR8, Q53TV3, Q9BYF0, Q9UPG6
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: June 1, 1994
Last sequence update: November 25, 2008
Last modified: November 7, 2018
This is version 183 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Human chromosome 2
    Human chromosome 2: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  3. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  4. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  5. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  6. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
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