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Entry version 121 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 2 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Cytochrome b

Gene

petB

Organism
Rhodobacter sphaeroides (Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Component of the ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex (complex III or cytochrome b-c1 complex), which is a respiratory chain that generates an electrochemical potential coupled to ATP synthesis.By similarity

Miscellaneous

Heme 1 (or BL or b562) is low-potential and absorbs at about 562 nm, and heme 2 (or BH or b566) is high-potential and absorbs at about 566 nm.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

hemeBy similarityNote: Binds 2 heme groups non-covalently.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi97Iron 1 (heme b562 axial ligand)1
Metal bindingi111Iron 2 (heme b566 axial ligand)1
Metal bindingi198Iron 1 (heme b562 axial ligand)1
Metal bindingi212Iron 2 (heme b566 axial ligand)1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processElectron transport, Respiratory chain, Transport
LigandHeme, Iron, Metal-binding

Protein family/group databases

Transport Classification Database

More...
TCDBi
3.E.2.1.1 the photosynthetic reaction center (prc) family

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cytochrome b
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:petB
Synonyms:fbcB
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRhodobacter sphaeroides (Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri1063 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaAlphaproteobacteriaRhodobacteralesRhodobacteraceaeRhodobacter

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini2 – 49Cytoplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST48
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei50 – 67HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST18
Topological domaini68 – 94Periplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST27
Transmembranei95 – 113HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST19
Topological domaini114 – 129Cytoplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST16
Transmembranei130 – 149HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST20
Topological domaini150 – 193Periplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST44
Transmembranei194 – 216HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST23
Topological domaini217 – 252Cytoplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST36
Transmembranei253 – 270HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST18
Topological domaini271 – 329Periplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST59
Transmembranei330 – 346HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST17
Topological domaini347 – 364Cytoplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST18
Transmembranei365 – 382HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST18
Topological domaini383 – 388Periplasmic1 Publication6
Transmembranei389 – 408HelicalCuratedAdd BLAST20
Topological domaini409 – 445Cytoplasmic1 PublicationAdd BLAST37

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Chemistry databases

Drug and drug target database

More...
DrugBanki
DB03152 B-2-Octylglucoside
DB08690 UBIQUINONE-2

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000617742 – 445Cytochrome bAdd BLAST444

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

The main subunits of complex b-c1 are: cytochrome b, cytochrome c1 and the Rieske protein.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-61256N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
Q02761, 1 interactor

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1445
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
Q02761

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

Miscellaneous databases

Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

More...
EvolutionaryTracei
Q02761

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the cytochrome b family.PROSITE-ProRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105DJ5 Bacteria
COG1290 LUCA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
262439at2

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00290 cytochrome_b_C, 1 hit
cd00284 Cytochrome_b_N, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.810.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR005798 Cyt_b/b6_C
IPR036150 Cyt_b/b6_C_sf
IPR005797 Cyt_b/b6_N
IPR027387 Cytb/b6-like_sf
IPR030689 Cytochrome_b
IPR016174 Di-haem_cyt_TM

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00032 Cytochrom_B_C, 1 hit
PF00033 Cytochrome_B, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF038885 COB, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF81342 SSF81342, 1 hit
SSF81648 SSF81648, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51003 CYTB_CTER, 1 hit
PS51002 CYTB_NTER, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

Q02761-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSGIPHDHYE PRTGIEKWLH SRLPIVALAY DTIMIPTPRN LNWMWIWGVV
60 70 80 90 100
LAFCLVLQIV TGIVLAMHYT PHVDLAFASV EHIMRNVNGG FMLRYLHANG
110 120 130 140 150
ASLFFIAVYL HIFRGLYYGS YKAPREVTWI VGMLIYLAMM ATAFMGYVLP
160 170 180 190 200
WGQMSFWGAT VITGLFGAIP GIGHSIQTWL LGGPAVDNAT LNRFFSLHYL
210 220 230 240 250
LPFVIAALVA IHIWAFHSTG NNNPTGVEVR RTSKAEAQKD TVPFWPYFII
260 270 280 290 300
KDVFALAVVL LVFFAIVGFM PNYLGHPDNY IEANPLSTPA HIVPEWYFLP
310 320 330 340 350
FYAILRAFTA DVWVVQIANF ISFGIIDAKF FGVLAMFGAI LVMALVPWLD
360 370 380 390 400
TSPVRSGRYR PMFKIYFWLL AADFVILTWV GAQQTTFPYD WISLIASAYW
410 420 430 440
FAYFLVILPI LGAIEKPVAP PATIEEDFNA HYSPATGGTK TVVAE
Length:445
Mass (Da):50,050
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i3DE9FB13523CDBD2
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X56157 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA39624.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S13869

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_002722007.1, NZ_QWGP01000004.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X56157 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA39624.1
PIRiS13869
RefSeqiWP_002722007.1, NZ_QWGP01000004.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
2FYNX-ray3.20A/D/G/J/M/P1-445[»]
2QJKX-ray3.10A/D/G/J/M/P3-430[»]
2QJPX-ray2.60A/D/G/J3-430[»]
2QJYX-ray2.40A/D/G/J/M/P1-445[»]
5KKZX-ray2.97A/E/K/O1-445[»]
5KLIX-ray3.00A/E/K/O1-445[»]
SMRiQ02761
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

DIPiDIP-61256N
IntActiQ02761, 1 interactor

Chemistry databases

DrugBankiDB03152 B-2-Octylglucoside
DB08690 UBIQUINONE-2

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi3.E.2.1.1 the photosynthetic reaction center (prc) family

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105DJ5 Bacteria
COG1290 LUCA
OrthoDBi262439at2

Miscellaneous databases

EvolutionaryTraceiQ02761

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00290 cytochrome_b_C, 1 hit
cd00284 Cytochrome_b_N, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.20.810.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR005798 Cyt_b/b6_C
IPR036150 Cyt_b/b6_C_sf
IPR005797 Cyt_b/b6_N
IPR027387 Cytb/b6-like_sf
IPR030689 Cytochrome_b
IPR016174 Di-haem_cyt_TM
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00032 Cytochrom_B_C, 1 hit
PF00033 Cytochrome_B, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF038885 COB, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF81342 SSF81342, 1 hit
SSF81648 SSF81648, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51003 CYTB_CTER, 1 hit
PS51002 CYTB_NTER, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCYB_RHOSH
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q02761
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1994
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 121 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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