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Protein

Protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase 2

Gene

TGL2

Organism
Gallus gallus (Chicken)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the cross-linking of proteins and the conjugation of polyamines to proteins.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Ca2+By similarityNote: Binds 1 Ca2+ ion per subunit.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei278PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Active sitei336PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Active sitei359PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi399CalciumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi401CalciumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi447CalciumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi452CalciumBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAcyltransferase, Transferase
LigandCalcium, Metal-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase 2 (EC:2.3.2.13)
Alternative name(s):
Tissue transglutaminase
Transglutaminase C
Short name:
TG(C)
Short name:
TGC
Short name:
TGase C
Transglutaminase-2
Short name:
TGase-2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:TGL2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiGallus gallus (Chicken)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9031 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiArchelosauriaArchosauriaDinosauriaSaurischiaTheropodaCoelurosauriaAvesNeognathaeGalloanseraeGalliformesPhasianidaePhasianinaeGallus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000539 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002137091 – 689Protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase 2Add BLAST689

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
Q01841

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
Q01841

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Predominates in mature erythrocytes. Also found in kidney and cardiac muscle.

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer.

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9031.ENSGALP00000038435

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
Q01841

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
Q01841

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IFMV Eukaryota
ENOG410XQEZ LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000231695

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG004342

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
Q01841

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K05625

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
297055at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
Q01841

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.60.40.10, 3 hits
3.90.260.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013783 Ig-like_fold
IPR014756 Ig_E-set
IPR038765 Papain_like_cys_pep_sf
IPR002931 Transglutaminase-like
IPR036985 Transglutaminase-like_sf
IPR023608 Transglutaminase_animal
IPR013808 Transglutaminase_AS
IPR008958 Transglutaminase_C
IPR036238 Transglutaminase_C_sf
IPR001102 Transglutaminase_N

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00927 Transglut_C, 2 hits
PF01841 Transglut_core, 1 hit
PF00868 Transglut_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000459 TGM_EBP42, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00460 TGc, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF49309 SSF49309, 2 hits
SSF54001 SSF54001, 1 hit
SSF81296 SSF81296, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00547 TRANSGLUTAMINASES, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

Q01841-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAEELVLETC DLQCERNGRE HRTEEMGSQQ LVVRRGQPFT ITLNFAGRGY
60 70 80 90 100
EEGVDKLAFD VETGPCPVET SGTRSHFTLT DCPEEGTWSA VLQQQDGATL
110 120 130 140 150
CVSLCSPSIA RVGRYRLTLE ASTGYQGSSF HLGDFVLLFN AWHPEDAVYL
160 170 180 190 200
KEEDERREYV LSQQGLIYMG SRDYITSTPW NFGQFEDEIL AICLEMLDIN
210 220 230 240 250
PKFLRDQNLD CSRRNDPVYI GRVVSAMVNC NDEDHGVLLG RWDNHYEDGM
260 270 280 290 300
SPMAWIGSVD ILKRWRRLGC QPVKYGQCWV FAAVACTVMR CLGVPSRVVT
310 320 330 340 350
NYNSAHDTNG NLVIDRYLSE TGMEERRSTD MIWNFHCWVE CWMTRPDLAP
360 370 380 390 400
GYDGWQALDP TPQEKSEGVY CCGPAPVKAI KEGDLQVQYD IPFVFAEVNA
410 420 430 440 450
DVVYWIVQSD GEKKKSTHSS VVGKNISTKS VGRDSREDIT HTYKYPEGSE
460 470 480 490 500
KEREVFSKAE HEKSSLGEQE EGLHMRIKLS EGANNGSDFD VFAFISNDTD
510 520 530 540 550
KERECRLRLC ARTASYNGEV GPQCGFKDLL NLSLQPHMEQ SVPLRILYEQ
560 570 580 590 600
YGPNLTQDNM IKVVALLTEY ETGDSVVAIR DVYIQNPEIK IRILGEPMQE
610 620 630 640 650
RKLVAEIRLV NPLAEPLNNC IFVVEGAGLT EGQRIEELED PVEPQAEAKF
660 670 680
RMEFVPRQAG LHKLMVDFES DKLTGVKGYR NVIIAPLPK
Length:689
Mass (Da):77,970
Last modified:July 5, 2004 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iACA3FA84B48A5AB3
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAA49104 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
L02270 mRNA Translation: AAA49104.1 Different initiation.

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
A47203

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_990779.1, NM_205448.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Gga.1035
Gga.31956

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
396432

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
gga:396432

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L02270 mRNA Translation: AAA49104.1 Different initiation.
PIRiA47203
RefSeqiNP_990779.1, NM_205448.1
UniGeneiGga.1035
Gga.31956

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliQ01841
SMRiQ01841
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9031.ENSGALP00000038435

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiQ01841
PRIDEiQ01841

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi396432
KEGGigga:396432

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
7052

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IFMV Eukaryota
ENOG410XQEZ LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000231695
HOVERGENiHBG004342
InParanoidiQ01841
KOiK05625
OrthoDBi297055at2759
PhylomeDBiQ01841

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:Q01841

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.60.40.10, 3 hits
3.90.260.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013783 Ig-like_fold
IPR014756 Ig_E-set
IPR038765 Papain_like_cys_pep_sf
IPR002931 Transglutaminase-like
IPR036985 Transglutaminase-like_sf
IPR023608 Transglutaminase_animal
IPR013808 Transglutaminase_AS
IPR008958 Transglutaminase_C
IPR036238 Transglutaminase_C_sf
IPR001102 Transglutaminase_N
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00927 Transglut_C, 2 hits
PF01841 Transglut_core, 1 hit
PF00868 Transglut_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000459 TGM_EBP42, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00460 TGc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF49309 SSF49309, 2 hits
SSF54001 SSF54001, 1 hit
SSF81296 SSF81296, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00547 TRANSGLUTAMINASES, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTGM2_CHICK
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: Q01841
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 1, 1993
Last sequence update: July 5, 2004
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 125 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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