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Entry version 37 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 1 (16 Apr 2014)
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Protein

Bifunctional uridylyltransferase/uridylyl-removing enzyme

Gene

glnD

Organism
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Modifies, by uridylylation and deuridylylation, the PII regulatory protein (GlnB), in response to the nitrogen status of the cell that GlnD senses through the glutamine level. Under low glutamine levels, catalyzes the conversion of the PII protein and UTP to PII-UMP and PPi, while under higher glutamine levels, GlnD hydrolyzes PII-UMP to PII and UMP (deuridylylation). Thus, controls uridylylation state and activity of the PII protein, and plays an important role in the regulation of nitrogen assimilation and metabolism (Probable).1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Uridylyltransferase (UTase) activity is inhibited by glutamine, while glutamine activates uridylyl-removing (UR) activity.UniRule annotation

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase, Multifunctional enzyme, Nucleotidyltransferase, Transferase
LigandMagnesium

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
MTBH37RV:G185E-7170-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Bifunctional uridylyltransferase/uridylyl-removing enzymeUniRule annotation
Short name:
UTase/URUniRule annotation
Alternative name(s):
Bifunctional [protein-PII] modification enzymeUniRule annotation
Bifunctional nitrogen sensor proteinUniRule annotation
Including the following 2 domains:
[Protein-PII] uridylyltransferaseUniRule annotation (EC:2.7.7.59UniRule annotation)
Short name:
PII uridylyltransferaseUniRule annotation
Short name:
UTaseUniRule annotation
[Protein-PII]-UMP uridylyl-removing enzymeUniRule annotation (EC:3.1.4.-UniRule annotation)
Short name:
URUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:glnDUniRule annotation
Ordered Locus Names:Rv2918c
ORF Names:MTCY338.07c
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83332 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaActinobacteriaCorynebacterialesMycobacteriaceaeMycobacteriumMycobacterium tuberculosis complex
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001584 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Rv genome database

More...
TubercuListi
Rv2918c

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Pathology and Biotech’ section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Cells lacking this gene have no growth defect in media containing different nitrogen sources. Total glutamine synthetase (GS) activity in culture filtrates is markedly reduced in the mutant, although activity in cell-free extracts remains normal. Virulence is unaffected in both in vitro and in vivo model systems of infection.1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001927451 – 808Bifunctional uridylyltransferase/uridylyl-removing enzymeAdd BLAST808

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P9WN29

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P9WN29

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Slightly up-regulated in a low ammonia medium.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
83332.Rv2918c

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P9WN29

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini430 – 544HDPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST115
Domaini610 – 686ACT 1UniRule annotationAdd BLAST77
Domaini730 – 805ACT 2UniRule annotationAdd BLAST76

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 315UridylyltransferaseAdd BLAST315
Regioni316 – 609Uridylyl-removingAdd BLAST294

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

Has four distinct domains: an N-terminal nucleotidyltransferase (NT) domain responsible for UTase activity, a central HD domain that encodes UR activity, and two C-terminal ACT domains that seem to have a role in glutamine sensing.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the GlnD family.UniRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105E1P Bacteria
COG2844 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00990

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
HTLFWIA

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P9WN29

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00077 HDc, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00277 PII_uridylyl_transf, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR002912 ACT_dom
IPR003607 HD/PDEase_dom
IPR006674 HD_domain
IPR013546 PII_UdlTrfase/GS_AdlTrfase
IPR010043 UTase/UR

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR47320 PTHR47320, 2 hits

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF08335 GlnD_UR_UTase, 1 hit
PF01966 HD, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF006288 PII_uridyltransf, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00471 HDc, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01693 UTase_glnD, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51671 ACT, 2 hits
PS51831 HD, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P9WN29-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEAESPCAAS DLAVARRELL SGNHRELDPV GLRQTWLDLH ESWLIDKADE
60 70 80 90 100
IGIADASGFA IVGVGGLGRR ELLPYSDLDV LLLHDGKPAD ILRPVADRLW
110 120 130 140 150
YPLWDANIRL DHSVRTVSEA LTIANSDLMA ALGMLEARHI AGDQQLSFAL
160 170 180 190 200
IDGVRRQWRN GIRSRMGELV EMTYARWRRC GRIAQRAEPD LKLGRGGLRD
210 220 230 240 250
VQLLDALALA QLIDRHGIGH TDLPAGSLDG AYRTLLDVRT ELHRVSGRGR
260 270 280 290 300
DHLLAQFADE ISAALGFGDR FDLARTLSSA GRTIGYHAEA GLRTAANALP
310 320 330 340 350
RRGISALVRR PKRRPLDEGV VEYAGEIVLA RDAEPEHDPG LVLRVAAASA
360 370 380 390 400
DTGLPIGAAT LSRLAASVPD LPTPWPQEAL DDLLVVLSAG PTTVATIEAL
410 420 430 440 450
DRTGLWGRLL PEWEPIRDLP PRDVAHKWTV DRHVVETAVH AAPLATRVAR
460 470 480 490 500
PDLLALGALL HDIGKGRGTD HSVLGAELVI PVCTRLGLSP PDVRTLSKLV
510 520 530 540 550
RHHLLLPITA TRRDLNDPKT IEAVSEALGG DPQLLEVLHA LSEADSKATG
560 570 580 590 600
PGVWSDWKAS LVDDLVRRCR MVMAGESLPQ AEPTAPHYLS LAADHGVHVE
610 620 630 640 650
ISPRDGERID AVIVAPDERG LVSKAAAVLA LNSLRVHSAS VNVHQGVAIT
660 670 680 690 700
EFVVSPLFGS PPAAELVRQQ FVGALNGDVD VLGMLQKRDS DAASLVSARA
710 720 730 740 750
GDVQAGVPVT RTAAPPRILW LDTAAPAKLI LEVRAMDRAG LLALLAGALE
760 770 780 790 800
GAGAGIVWAK VNTFGSTAAD VFCVTVPAEL DARAAVEQHL LEVLGASVDV

VVDEPVGD
Length:808
Mass (Da):86,438
Last modified:April 16, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i9B1F14D01C29F0B0
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL123456 Genomic DNA Translation: CCP45720.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
F70747

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_217434.1, NC_000962.3
WP_003899539.1, NZ_NVQJ01000006.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CCP45720; CCP45720; Rv2918c

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
888621

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mtu:Rv2918c
mtv:RVBD_2918c

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL123456 Genomic DNA Translation: CCP45720.1
PIRiF70747
RefSeqiNP_217434.1, NC_000962.3
WP_003899539.1, NZ_NVQJ01000006.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP9WN29
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi83332.Rv2918c

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP9WN29
PRIDEiP9WN29

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCCP45720; CCP45720; Rv2918c
GeneIDi888621
KEGGimtu:Rv2918c
mtv:RVBD_2918c

Organism-specific databases

TubercuListiRv2918c

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105E1P Bacteria
COG2844 LUCA
KOiK00990
OMAiHTLFWIA
PhylomeDBiP9WN29

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciMTBH37RV:G185E-7170-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00077 HDc, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00277 PII_uridylyl_transf, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002912 ACT_dom
IPR003607 HD/PDEase_dom
IPR006674 HD_domain
IPR013546 PII_UdlTrfase/GS_AdlTrfase
IPR010043 UTase/UR
PANTHERiPTHR47320 PTHR47320, 2 hits
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF08335 GlnD_UR_UTase, 1 hit
PF01966 HD, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF006288 PII_uridyltransf, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00471 HDc, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01693 UTase_glnD, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51671 ACT, 2 hits
PS51831 HD, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGLND_MYCTU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P9WN29
Secondary accession number(s): L0TB10, Q10961
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 16, 2014
Last sequence update: April 16, 2014
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 37 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains ATCC 25618 / H37Rv and CDC 1551 / Oshkosh
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains ATCC 25618 / H37Rv and CDC 1551 / Oshkosh: entries and gene names
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