Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 29 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 1 (16 Apr 2014)
Previous versions | rss
Help videoAdd a publicationFeedback
Protein

Serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2

Gene

glyA2

Organism
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the reversible interconversion of serine and glycine with tetrahydrofolate (THF) serving as the one-carbon carrier. This reaction serves as the major source of one-carbon groups required for the biosynthesis of purines, thymidylate, methionine, and other important biomolecules. Also exhibits THF-independent aldolase activity toward beta-hydroxyamino acids, producing glycine and aldehydes, via a retro-aldol mechanism. Thus, is able to catalyze the cleavage of L-allo-threonine.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

pyridoxal 5'-phosphate1 PublicationNote: Binds 1 pyridoxal phosphate per subunit.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>pH dependencei

Optimum pH is about 7.8. Is completely inactive at pH below 4.0 and above 10.0.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: tetrahydrofolate interconversion

This protein is involved in the pathway tetrahydrofolate interconversion, which is part of One-carbon metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway tetrahydrofolate interconversion and in One-carbon metabolism.

Pathwayi: glycine biosynthesis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes glycine from L-serine.
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2 (glyA2), Serine hydroxymethyltransferase 1 (glyA1)
This subpathway is part of the pathway glycine biosynthesis, which is itself part of Amino-acid biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes glycine from L-serine, the pathway glycine biosynthesis and in Amino-acid biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei35Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei55Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei57SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei64SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei65Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei121Substrate; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei176Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei204Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei229Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei236Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1
Binding sitei262Pyridoxal phosphate; via amide nitrogen and carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Binding sitei367Pyridoxal phosphateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransferase
Biological processAmino-acid biosynthesis, One-carbon metabolism
LigandPyridoxal phosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
MTBH37RV:G185E-4185-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00193
UPA00288;UER01023

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2 (EC:2.1.2.1)
Short name:
SHM2
Short name:
SHMT 2
Short name:
Serine methylase 2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:glyA2
Ordered Locus Names:Rv0070c
ORF Names:MTV030.13c
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83332 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaActinobacteriaCorynebacterialesMycobacteriaceaeMycobacteriumMycobacterium tuberculosis complex
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001584 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

Organism-specific databases

Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain H37Rv genome database

More...
TubercuListi
Rv0070c

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

  • Cytoplasm 1 Publication

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001136191 – 425Serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2Add BLAST425

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei230N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysineBy similarity1

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P9WGI7

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
83332.Rv0070c

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P9WGI7

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni125 – 127Substrate bindingBy similarity3

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the SHMT family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105C65 Bacteria
COG0112 LUCA

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00600

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
ANASVMH

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P9WGI7

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00378 SHMT, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.640.10, 1 hit
3.90.1150.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00051 SHMT, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR015424 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase
IPR015422 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_dom1
IPR015421 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major
IPR001085 Ser_HO-MeTrfase
IPR019798 Ser_HO-MeTrfase_PLP_BS
IPR039429 SHMT-like_dom

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11680 PTHR11680, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00464 SHMT, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000412 SHMT, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53383 SSF53383, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00096 SHMT, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P9WGI7-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MNTLNDSLTA FDPDIAALID GELRRQESGL EMIASENYAP LAVMQAQGSV
60 70 80 90 100
LTNKYAEGYP GRRYYGGCEF VDGVEQLAID RVKALFGAEY ANVQPHSGAT
110 120 130 140 150
ANAATMHALL NPGDTILGLS LAHGGHLTHG MRINFSGKLY HATAYEVSKE
160 170 180 190 200
DYLVDMDAVA EAARTHRPKM IIAGWSAYPR QLDFARFRAI ADEVDAVLMV
210 220 230 240 250
DMAHFAGLVA AGVHPSPVPH AHVVTSTTHK TLGGPRGGII LCNDPAIAKK
260 270 280 290 300
INSAVFPGQQ GGPLEHVIAA KATAFKMAAQ PEFAQRQQRC LDGARILAGR
310 320 330 340 350
LTQPDVAERG IAVLTGGTDV HLVLVDLRDA ELDGQQAEDR LAAVDITVNR
360 370 380 390 400
NAVPFDPRPP MITSGLRIGT PALAARGFSH NDFRAVADLI AAALTATNDD
410 420
QLGPLRAQVQ RLAARYPLYP ELHRT
Length:425
Mass (Da):45,526
Last modified:April 16, 2014 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i224D195C1D8BF680
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL123456 Genomic DNA Translation: CCP42793.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
G70848

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_214584.1, NC_000962.3
WP_003899799.1, NZ_NVQJ01000005.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CCP42793; CCP42793; Rv0070c

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
886983

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mtu:Rv0070c
mtv:RVBD_0070c

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AL123456 Genomic DNA Translation: CCP42793.1
PIRiG70848
RefSeqiNP_214584.1, NC_000962.3
WP_003899799.1, NZ_NVQJ01000005.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP9WGI7
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi83332.Rv0070c

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP9WGI7

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCCP42793; CCP42793; Rv0070c
GeneIDi886983
KEGGimtu:Rv0070c
mtv:RVBD_0070c

Organism-specific databases

TubercuListiRv0070c

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105C65 Bacteria
COG0112 LUCA
KOiK00600
OMAiANASVMH
PhylomeDBiP9WGI7

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00193
UPA00288;UER01023
BioCyciMTBH37RV:G185E-4185-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00378 SHMT, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.40.640.10, 1 hit
3.90.1150.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00051 SHMT, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR015424 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase
IPR015422 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_dom1
IPR015421 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major
IPR001085 Ser_HO-MeTrfase
IPR019798 Ser_HO-MeTrfase_PLP_BS
IPR039429 SHMT-like_dom
PANTHERiPTHR11680 PTHR11680, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00464 SHMT, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000412 SHMT, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53383 SSF53383, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00096 SHMT, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGLYA2_MYCTU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P9WGI7
Secondary accession number(s): L0T483, O53615
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: April 16, 2014
Last sequence update: April 16, 2014
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 29 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains ATCC 25618 / H37Rv and CDC 1551 / Oshkosh
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains ATCC 25618 / H37Rv and CDC 1551 / Oshkosh: entries and gene names
  3. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again