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Entry version 118 (18 Sep 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 1996)
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Protein

Transcription factor p65

Gene

RELA

Organism
Gallus gallus (Chicken)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

NF-kappa-B is a pleiotropic transcription factor present in almost all cell types and is the endpoint of a series of signal transduction events that are initiated by a vast array of stimuli related to many biological processes such as inflammation, immunity, differentiation, cell growth, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. NF-kappa-B is a homo- or heterodimeric complex formed by the Rel-like domain-containing proteins. The dimers bind at kappa-B sites in the DNA of their target genes and the individual dimers have distinct preferences for different kappa-B sites that they can bind with distinguishable affinity and specificity. Different dimer combinations act as transcriptional activators or repressors, respectively. NF-kappa-B is controlled by various mechanisms of post-translational modification and subcellular compartmentalization as well as by interactions with other cofactors or corepressors. NF-kappa-B complexes are held in the cytoplasm in an inactive state complexed with members of the NF-kappa-B inhibitor (I-kappa-B) family. In a conventional activation pathway, I-kappa-B is phosphorylated by I-kappa-B kinases (IKKs) in response to different activators, subsequently degraded thus liberating the active NF-kappa-B complex which translocates to the nucleus. RELA shows a weak DNA-binding site which could contribute directly to DNA binding in the NF-kappa-B complex.By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionActivator, DNA-binding
Biological processTranscription, Transcription regulation

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-GGA-1227892 TRAF6 mediated NF-kB activation
R-GGA-434001 TAK1 activates NFkB by phosphorylation and activation of IKKs complex
R-GGA-434131 NFkB activation mediated by RIP1 complexed with activated TLR3

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Transcription factor p65
Alternative name(s):
Nuclear factor NF-kappa-B p65 subunit
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:RELA
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiGallus gallus (Chicken)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9031 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiArchelosauriaArchosauriaDinosauriaSaurischiaTheropodaCoelurosauriaAvesNeognathaeGalloanseraeGalliformesPhasianidaePhasianinaeGallus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000539 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002051711 – 558Transcription factor p65Add BLAST558

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei281Phosphoserine; by PKASequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Spleen; lower level in brain.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Component of the NF-kappa-B p65-p50 complex.

Component of the NF-kappa-B p65-c-Rel complex.

Component of the NF-kappa-B p65-p105 complex.

1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P98152

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini25 – 311RHDPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST287

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni385 – 444Transcriptional activation domain 1By similarityAdd BLAST60
Regioni524 – 558Transcriptional activation domain 2By similarityAdd BLAST35

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi306 – 309Nuclear localization signalSequence analysis4
Motifi542 – 5589aaTADSequence analysisAdd BLAST17

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The transcriptional activation domain 1/TA1 and the transcriptional activation domain 2/TA2 have direct transcriptional activation properties (By similarity). The 9aaTAD motif found within the transcriptional activation domain 2 is a conserved motif present in a large number of transcription factors that is required for their transcriptional transactivation activity (By similarity).By similarity

Phylogenomic databases

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P98152

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K04735

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
916931at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P98152

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01177 IPT_NFkappaB, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.60.40.10, 1 hit
2.60.40.340, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013783 Ig-like_fold
IPR014756 Ig_E-set
IPR002909 IPT_dom
IPR033926 IPT_NFkappaB
IPR000451 NFkB/Dor
IPR008967 p53-like_TF_DNA-bd
IPR030495 RelA
IPR030492 RHD_CS
IPR032397 RHD_dimer
IPR011539 RHD_DNA_bind_dom
IPR037059 RHD_DNA_bind_dom_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR24169 PTHR24169, 1 hit
PTHR24169:SF1 PTHR24169:SF1, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF16179 RHD_dimer, 1 hit
PF00554 RHD_DNA_bind, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00057 NFKBTNSCPFCT

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00429 IPT, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF49417 SSF49417, 1 hit
SSF81296 SSF81296, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01204 REL_1, 1 hit
PS50254 REL_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P98152-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEPADLLPLY LQPEWGEQEP GGATPFVEIL EQPKQRGMRF RYKCEGRSAG
60 70 80 90 100
SIPGEHSTDS ARTHPTIRVN HYRGPGRVRV SLVTKDPPHG PHPHELVGRH
110 120 130 140 150
CQHGYYEAEL SPERCVHSFQ NLGIQCVKKR ELEAAVAERI RTNNNPFNVP
160 170 180 190 200
MEERGAEYDL SAVRLCFQVW VNGPGGLCPL PPVLSQPIYD NRAPSTAELR
210 220 230 240 250
ILPGDRNSGS CQGGDEIFLL CDKVQKEDIE VRFWAEGWEA KGSFAAADVH
260 270 280 290 300
RQVAIVFRTP PFRERSLRHP VTVRMELQRP SDRQRSPPLD FRYLPHQGDL
310 320 330 340 350
QCIEEKRKRT RDTFRAFVQR APLPGLEPNP EPRPPRRIAV PSRPPPAPQQ
360 370 380 390 400
PPSMVGAPPA PLFPLGVPPA SSPTPEPLAE ALLQLQFDDG VGGSGPPPST
410 420 430 440 450
TTTTTTTQCA LGGGIPDPGG SPLDLGALLG DPPFDTIDAA ELQRLLGPPE
460 470 480 490 500
TPPGGIGAGG GFGELLSLPT NFGDPPSSTA ATFGPSPPML LSYPEAITRL
510 520 530 540 550
VQCQTPGGSG GGGPPVGPPQ DLGGPLHPPG APPQPTEDSL PSLGDLDFSA

FLSQFPSS
Length:558
Mass (Da):60,072
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i0528D159A4D47B36
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
D13721 mRNA Translation: BAA02874.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
JC2004

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_990460.1, NM_205129.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
396027

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
gga:396027

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D13721 mRNA Translation: BAA02874.1
PIRiJC2004
RefSeqiNP_990460.1, NM_205129.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP98152
ModBaseiSearch...

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi396027
KEGGigga:396027

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
5970

Phylogenomic databases

InParanoidiP98152
KOiK04735
OrthoDBi916931at2759
PhylomeDBiP98152

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-GGA-1227892 TRAF6 mediated NF-kB activation
R-GGA-434001 TAK1 activates NFkB by phosphorylation and activation of IKKs complex
R-GGA-434131 NFkB activation mediated by RIP1 complexed with activated TLR3

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P98152

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01177 IPT_NFkappaB, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.60.40.10, 1 hit
2.60.40.340, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013783 Ig-like_fold
IPR014756 Ig_E-set
IPR002909 IPT_dom
IPR033926 IPT_NFkappaB
IPR000451 NFkB/Dor
IPR008967 p53-like_TF_DNA-bd
IPR030495 RelA
IPR030492 RHD_CS
IPR032397 RHD_dimer
IPR011539 RHD_DNA_bind_dom
IPR037059 RHD_DNA_bind_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR24169 PTHR24169, 1 hit
PTHR24169:SF1 PTHR24169:SF1, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF16179 RHD_dimer, 1 hit
PF00554 RHD_DNA_bind, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00057 NFKBTNSCPFCT
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00429 IPT, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF49417 SSF49417, 1 hit
SSF81296 SSF81296, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01204 REL_1, 1 hit
PS50254 REL_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTF65_CHICK
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P98152
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: September 18, 2019
This is version 118 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome
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