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Entry version 127 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 1997)
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Protein

L-ribulose-5-phosphate 4-epimerase

Gene

araD

Organism
Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the degradation of L-arabinose. Catalyzes the interconversion of L-ribulose 5-phosphate (LRu5P) and D-xylulose 5-phosphate (D-Xu5P) via a retroaldol/aldol mechanism (carbon-carbon bond cleavage analogous to a class II aldolase reaction).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Zn2+By similarityNote: Binds 1 zinc ion per subunit.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-arabinose degradation via L-ribulose

This protein is involved in step 3 of the subpathway that synthesizes D-xylulose 5-phosphate from L-arabinose (bacterial route).By similarity
Proteins known to be involved in the 3 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. L-arabinose isomerase (araA)
  2. Ribulokinase (araB)
  3. L-ribulose-5-phosphate 4-epimerase (araD)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-arabinose degradation via L-ribulose, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes D-xylulose 5-phosphate from L-arabinose (bacterial route), the pathway L-arabinose degradation via L-ribulose and in Carbohydrate degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi75ZincBy similarity1
Metal bindingi94Zinc; via tele nitrogenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi96Zinc; via tele nitrogenBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei119Proton donor/acceptorBy similarity1
Metal bindingi168Zinc; via tele nitrogenBy similarity1
Active sitei226Proton donor/acceptorBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIsomerase
Biological processArabinose catabolism, Carbohydrate metabolism
LigandMetal-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
BSUB:BSU28780-MONOMER

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00145;UER00567

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
L-ribulose-5-phosphate 4-epimeraseBy similarity (EC:5.1.3.4By similarity)
Alternative name(s):
Phosphoribulose isomeraseBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:araD
Ordered Locus Names:BSU28780
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBacillus subtilis (strain 168)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri224308 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeBacillus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001570 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001629181 – 229L-ribulose-5-phosphate 4-epimeraseAdd BLAST229

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P94525

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P94525

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Transcription is repressed by glucose and by the binding of AraR to the operon promoter. L-arabinose acts as an inducer by inhibiting the binding of AraR to the DNA, thus allowing expression of the gene.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
224308.BSU28780

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P94525

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni27 – 28Substrate bindingBy similarity2
Regioni44 – 45Substrate bindingBy similarity2
Regioni73 – 74Substrate bindingBy similarity2

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the aldolase class II family. AraD/FucA subfamily.By similarity

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4107R0P Bacteria
COG0235 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000218183

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P94525

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K03077

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
AHERYMT

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P94525

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.225.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001303 Aldolase_II/adducin_N
IPR036409 Aldolase_II/adducin_N_sf
IPR004661 AraD

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00596 Aldolase_II, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01007 Aldolase_II, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53639 SSF53639, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00760 araD, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P94525-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLETLKKEVL AANLKLQEHQ LVTFTWGNVS GIDREKERIV IKPSGVEYSD
60 70 80 90 100
LTADDLVVLN LDGEVVEGSL KPSSDTPTHV YLYKAFPNIG GIVHTHSQWA
110 120 130 140 150
TSWAQSGRDI PPLGTTHADY FDSAIPCTRE MYDEEIIHDY ELNTGKVIAE
160 170 180 190 200
TFQHHNYEQV PGVLVNNHGP FCWGTDALNA IHNAVVLETV AEMAYHSIML
210 220
NKDVTPINTV LHEKHFYRKH GANAYYGQS
Length:229
Mass (Da):25,686
Last modified:May 1, 1997 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i43F89C216012E2D3
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti43 – 48PSGVEY → LAESNT in CAA61587 (PubMed:9084180).Curated6
Sequence conflicti190V → L in CAA61587 (PubMed:9084180).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X89408 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA61587.1
Z75208 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA99589.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB14838.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
E69587

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_390756.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003229501.1, NZ_JNCM01000036.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAB14838; CAB14838; BSU28780

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
937894

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bsu:BSU28780

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|224308.179.peg.3126

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X89408 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA61587.1
Z75208 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA99589.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB14838.1
PIRiE69587
RefSeqiNP_390756.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003229501.1, NZ_JNCM01000036.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP94525
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi224308.BSU28780

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP94525
PRIDEiP94525

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAB14838; CAB14838; BSU28780
GeneIDi937894
KEGGibsu:BSU28780
PATRICifig|224308.179.peg.3126

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4107R0P Bacteria
COG0235 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000218183
InParanoidiP94525
KOiK03077
OMAiAHERYMT
PhylomeDBiP94525

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00145;UER00567
BioCyciBSUB:BSU28780-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.225.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001303 Aldolase_II/adducin_N
IPR036409 Aldolase_II/adducin_N_sf
IPR004661 AraD
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00596 Aldolase_II, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01007 Aldolase_II, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53639 SSF53639, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00760 araD, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiARAD_BACSU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P94525
Secondary accession number(s): O05186
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: May 1, 1997
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 127 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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