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Entry version 124 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 1997)
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Protein

Lon protease homolog, mitochondrial

Gene

LON2

Organism
Zea mays (Maize)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

ATP-dependent serine protease that mediates the selective degradation of misfolded, unassembled or oxidatively damaged polypeptides as well as certain short-lived regulatory proteins in the mitochondrial matrix. May also have a chaperone function in the assembly of inner membrane protein complexes. Participates in the regulation of mitochondrial gene expression and in the maintenance of the integrity of the mitochondrial genome. Binds to mitochondrial DNA in a site-specific manner.UniRule annotation1 Publication

Miscellaneous

This protein may be expected to contain an N-terminal transit peptide but none has been predicted.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>pH dependencei

Optimum pH is 8.5-9.0.1 Publication

Temperature dependencei

Optimum temperature is 40-45 degrees Celsius.1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei863UniRule annotation1
Active sitei906UniRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi455 – 462ATPUniRule annotation8

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDNA-binding, Hydrolase, Protease, Serine protease
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Lon protease homolog, mitochondrialUniRule annotation (EC:3.4.21.53UniRule annotation)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:LON2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiZea mays (Maize)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4577 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaePACMAD cladePanicoideaeAndropogonodaeAndropogoneaeTripsacinaeZea
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000007305 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Maize Genetics and Genomics Database

More...
MaizeGDBi
136450

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Mitochondrion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000267401 – 964Lon protease homolog, mitochondrialAdd BLAST964

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P93648

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P93648

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P93648 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P93648 ZM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homoheptamer. Organized in a ring with a central cavity (By similarity).

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4577.GRMZM2G113056_P01

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P93648

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini89 – 298Lon N-terminalPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST210
Domaini773 – 957Lon proteolyticPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST185

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the peptidase S16 family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2004 Eukaryota
COG0466 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000261409

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K08675

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
528132at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.230.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_03120 lonm_euk, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR003593 AAA+_ATPase
IPR003959 ATPase_AAA_core
IPR004815 Lon_bac/euk-typ
IPR008269 Lon_proteolytic
IPR027065 Lon_Prtase
IPR003111 Lon_substr-bd
IPR027503 Lonm_euk
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
IPR008268 Peptidase_S16_AS
IPR015947 PUA-like_sf
IPR020568 Ribosomal_S5_D2-typ_fold
IPR014721 Ribosomal_S5_D2-typ_fold_subgr

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR43718 PTHR43718, 2 hits

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00004 AAA, 1 hit
PF05362 Lon_C, 1 hit
PF02190 LON_substr_bdg, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00382 AAA, 1 hit
SM00464 LON, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit
SSF54211 SSF54211, 1 hit
SSF88697 SSF88697, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00763 lon, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51787 LON_N, 1 hit
PS51786 LON_PROTEOLYTIC, 1 hit
PS01046 LON_SER, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P93648-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLRAAVAAAE ELRSPLLRVI GTLRDGRGSV LLGRRVRFCS NSSASDTEAA
60 70 80 90 100
VAEAEAKAED ASAAEGEADS KASSAIVPTS TNIDDCLSVI ALPLPHRPLF
110 120 130 140 150
PGFYMPINVK DQKLLQALIE NRKRSAPYAG AFLVKDEEGT DPNIVTGSDS
160 170 180 190 200
AKSIDDLKGK DLLKRLHEVG TLAQITSIQG DHVVLLGHRR LRITEMVEED
210 220 230 240 250
PLTVKVDHLK EKPYNKDDDV MKATSFEVIS TLREVLRTSS LWKDHVQTYT
260 270 280 290 300
QHIGDFNYQR LADFGAAISG ANKLLCQEVL EELDVYKRLK LTLELVKKEM
310 320 330 340 350
EISKLQQSIA KAIEEKISGD QRRYLLNEQL KAIKKELGLE TDDKTALSAK
360 370 380 390 400
FRERIESKKD KCPPHVLQVI EEELTKLQLL EASSSEFSVT RNYLDWLTVL
410 420 430 440 450
PWGNYSDENF DVHHAQKILD EDHYGLSDVK ERILEFIAVG KLRGTSQGKI
460 470 480 490 500
ICLSGPPGVG KTSIGRSIAR ALNRQFYRFS VGGLADVAEI KGHRRTYVGA
510 520 530 540 550
MPGKMVQCLK SVGTANPLVL IDEIDKLGKG HSGDPASALL ELLDPEQNVN
560 570 580 590 600
FLDHYLDVPI DLSKVLFVCT ANVIEMIPNP LLDRMEIIAI AGYITDEKMH
610 620 630 640 650
IARDYLEKNT RQACGIKPEQ VEVTDTALLA LIENYCREAG VRNLQKQIEK
660 670 680 690 700
IYRKIALQLV RQGVSNEPDH ESVSASVTEE SGNGDNTTTK DEILKDPAVE
710 720 730 740 750
DASVTNNVTN PASEEANEEN LTSEAAKEDS TSKGNKGTDG AADKAIEKVV
760 770 780 790 800
VDSSNLGDFV GKPVFQAERI YEHTPVGVVM GLAWTAMGGS TLYIETKKVE
810 820 830 840 850
EREGKGALVL TGQLGDVMKE SAQIAHTVGR AVLLEKEPDN HFFANSKVHL
860 870 880 890 900
HVPAGSTPKD GPSAGCTMIT SMLSLAMGKP VKKDLAMTGE VTLTGRILPI
910 920 930 940 950
GGVKEKTIAA RRSAIKTLIF PAANKRDFDE LASNVKEGLE VHFVDTYSEI
960
YDLAFQSDAG TETS
Length:964
Mass (Da):105,659
Last modified:May 1, 1997 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iD78A6C6B0F8A6D9E
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U85495 mRNA Translation: AAC50021.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
T04325

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001105895.1, NM_001112425.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
732810

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
zma:732810

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U85495 mRNA Translation: AAC50021.1
PIRiT04325
RefSeqiNP_001105895.1, NM_001112425.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP93648
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi4577.GRMZM2G113056_P01

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP93648
PRIDEiP93648

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi732810
KEGGizma:732810

Organism-specific databases

MaizeGDBi136450

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2004 Eukaryota
COG0466 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000261409
KOiK08675
OrthoDBi528132at2759

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP93648 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP93648 ZM

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.30.230.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_03120 lonm_euk, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003593 AAA+_ATPase
IPR003959 ATPase_AAA_core
IPR004815 Lon_bac/euk-typ
IPR008269 Lon_proteolytic
IPR027065 Lon_Prtase
IPR003111 Lon_substr-bd
IPR027503 Lonm_euk
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
IPR008268 Peptidase_S16_AS
IPR015947 PUA-like_sf
IPR020568 Ribosomal_S5_D2-typ_fold
IPR014721 Ribosomal_S5_D2-typ_fold_subgr
PANTHERiPTHR43718 PTHR43718, 2 hits
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00004 AAA, 1 hit
PF05362 Lon_C, 1 hit
PF02190 LON_substr_bdg, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00382 AAA, 1 hit
SM00464 LON, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit
SSF54211 SSF54211, 1 hit
SSF88697 SSF88697, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00763 lon, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51787 LON_N, 1 hit
PS51786 LON_PROTEOLYTIC, 1 hit
PS01046 LON_SER, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiLONM_MAIZE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P93648
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 15, 1998
Last sequence update: May 1, 1997
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 124 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Peptidase families
    Classification of peptidase families and list of entries
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