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Entry version 139 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 2 (07 Jul 2009)
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Protein

Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(q) subunit alpha

Gene

Gnaq

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling systems.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi53MagnesiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi186MagnesiumBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei331GTP; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi46 – 53GTPBy similarity8
Nucleotide bindingi180 – 186GTPBy similarity7
Nucleotide bindingi205 – 209GTPBy similarity5
Nucleotide bindingi274 – 277GTPBy similarity4

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransducer
LigandGTP-binding, Magnesium, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-399997 Acetylcholine regulates insulin secretion
R-RNO-416476 G alpha (q) signalling events
R-RNO-418592 ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 1
R-RNO-428930 Thromboxane signalling through TP receptor
R-RNO-434316 Fatty Acids bound to GPR40 (FFAR1) regulate insulin secretion
R-RNO-456926 Thrombin signalling through proteinase activated receptors (PARs)

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(q) subunit alpha
Alternative name(s):
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein alpha-q
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Gnaq
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
620770 Gnaq

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Membrane, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00002037621 – 359Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(q) subunit alphaAdd BLAST359

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi9S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Lipidationi10S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Lipoprotein, Palmitate

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P82471

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P82471

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P82471

2D gel databases

The World-2DPAGE database

More...
World-2DPAGEi
0004:P82471

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P82471

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
P82471

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
P82471

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

G proteins are composed of 3 units; alpha, beta and gamma. The alpha chain contains the guanine nucleotide binding site. Binds SLC9A3R1.

Forms a complex with PECAM1 and BDKRB2.

Interacts with PECAM1 (By similarity).

Interacts with GAS2L2 (By similarity).

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
249565, 3 interactors

CORUM comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes

More...
CORUMi
P82471

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000019174

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P82471

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini38 – 359G-alphaPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST322

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni41 – 54G1 motifPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST14
Regioni178 – 186G2 motifPROSITE-ProRule annotation9
Regioni201 – 210G3 motifPROSITE-ProRule annotation10
Regioni270 – 277G4 motifPROSITE-ProRule annotation8
Regioni329 – 334G5 motifPROSITE-ProRule annotation6

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the G-alpha family. G(q) subfamily.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0085 Eukaryota
ENOG410XNVQ LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P82471

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K04634

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
754573at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P82471

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00066 G-alpha, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.10.400.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000654 Gprotein_alpha_Q
IPR001019 Gprotein_alpha_su
IPR011025 GproteinA_insert
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10218 PTHR10218, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00503 G-alpha, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00318 GPROTEINA
PR00442 GPROTEINAQ

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00275 G_alpha, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47895 SSF47895, 1 hit
SSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51882 G_ALPHA, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P82471-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTLESIMACC LSEEAKEARR INDEIERQLR RDKRDARREL KLLLLGTGES
60 70 80 90 100
GKSTFIKQMR IIHGSGYSDE DKRGFTKLVY QNIFTAMQAM VRAMDTLKIP
110 120 130 140 150
YKYEHNKAHA QLVREVDVEK VSAFENPYVD AIKSLWNDPG IQECYDRRRE
160 170 180 190 200
YQLSDSTKYY LNDLDRVADP SYLPTQQDVL RVRVPTTGII EYPFDLQSVI
210 220 230 240 250
FRMVDVGGQR SERRKWIHCF ENVTSIMFLV ALSEYDQVLV ESDNENRMEE
260 270 280 290 300
SKALFRTIIT YPWFQNSSVI LFLNKKDLLE EKIMYSHLVD YFPEYDGPQR
310 320 330 340 350
DAQAAREFIL KMFVDLNPDS DKIIYSHFTC ATDTENIRFV FAAVKDTILQ

LNLKEYNLV
Length:359
Mass (Da):42,144
Last modified:July 7, 2009 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i33569BEE7BFF42BF
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
D4AE68D4AE68_RAT
Guanine nucleotide binding protein,...
Gnaq rCG_47814
359Annotation score:

Annotation score:3 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti91V → I (PubMed:1333286).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF234260 mRNA Translation: AAF59930.1
L37294 mRNA Translation: AAB02848.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_112298.1, NM_031036.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
81666

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:81666

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
RGD:620770 rat

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AF234260 mRNA Translation: AAF59930.1
L37294 mRNA Translation: AAB02848.1
RefSeqiNP_112298.1, NM_031036.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP82471
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi249565, 3 interactors
CORUMiP82471
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000019174

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP82471
PhosphoSitePlusiP82471
SwissPalmiP82471

2D gel databases

World-2DPAGEi0004:P82471

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP82471
PaxDbiP82471
PRIDEiP82471

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi81666
KEGGirno:81666
UCSCiRGD:620770 rat

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2776
RGDi620770 Gnaq

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0085 Eukaryota
ENOG410XNVQ LUCA
InParanoidiP82471
KOiK04634
OrthoDBi754573at2759
PhylomeDBiP82471

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-399997 Acetylcholine regulates insulin secretion
R-RNO-416476 G alpha (q) signalling events
R-RNO-418592 ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 1
R-RNO-428930 Thromboxane signalling through TP receptor
R-RNO-434316 Fatty Acids bound to GPR40 (FFAR1) regulate insulin secretion
R-RNO-456926 Thrombin signalling through proteinase activated receptors (PARs)

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P82471

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00066 G-alpha, 1 hit
Gene3Di1.10.400.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000654 Gprotein_alpha_Q
IPR001019 Gprotein_alpha_su
IPR011025 GproteinA_insert
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
PANTHERiPTHR10218 PTHR10218, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00503 G-alpha, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00318 GPROTEINA
PR00442 GPROTEINAQ
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00275 G_alpha, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47895 SSF47895, 1 hit
SSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51882 G_ALPHA, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGNAQ_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P82471
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: December 1, 2000
Last sequence update: July 7, 2009
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 139 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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