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Entry version 204 (17 Jun 2020)
Sequence version 3 (20 Apr 2010)
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Protein

G-protein-signaling modulator 2

Gene

GPSM2

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Plays an important role in mitotic spindle pole organization via its interaction with NUMA1 (PubMed:11781568, PubMed:15632202, PubMed:21816348). Required for cortical dynein-dynactin complex recruitment during metaphase (PubMed:22327364). Plays a role in metaphase spindle orientation (PubMed:22327364). Plays also an important role in asymmetric cell divisions (PubMed:21816348). Has guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor (GDI) activity towards G(i) alpha proteins, such as GNAI1 and GNAI3, and thereby regulates their activity (By similarity).By similarity4 Publications

Miscellaneous

Dysfunction of LGN is associated with the phenotype of multiple micronuclei due to chromosomal mis-segregation and defect in cell division through mis-localization of mitotic spindle regulator protein NUMA1.Curated

Caution

It is uncertain whether Met-1 or Met-8 is the initiator.Curated
Mutations in GPSM2 have been identified in people with profound congenital non-syndromic deafness designated as DFNB82 (PubMed:20602914). Subsequent brain imaging of these individuals has revealed frontal polymicrogyria, abnormal corpus callosum, and gray matter heterotopia, consistent with a diagnosis of Chudley-McCullough syndrome (PubMed:22578326).2 Publications

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei608GDP; shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1
Binding sitei613GDP; shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1
Binding sitei642GDP; shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1
Binding sitei647GDP; shared with dimeric partnerBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processCell cycle, Cell division, Mitosis, Transport
LigandNucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-418594 G alpha (i) signalling events

SIGNOR Signaling Network Open Resource

More...
SIGNORi
P81274

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
G-protein-signaling modulator 2
Alternative name(s):
Mosaic protein LGN1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GPSM2
Synonyms:LGN
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 1

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000121957.12

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:29501 GPSM2

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

More...
MIMi
609245 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_P81274

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Cytoplasm, Cytoskeleton, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section provides information on the disease(s) associated with genetic variations in a given protein. The information is extracted from the scientific literature and diseases that are also described in the <a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=omim">OMIM</a> database are represented with a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/diseases">controlled vocabulary</a> in the following way:<p><a href='/help/involvement_in_disease' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Involvement in diseasei

Chudley-McCullough syndrome (CMCS)2 Publications
The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Disease descriptionAn autosomal recessive neurologic disorder characterized by early-onset sensorineural deafness and specific brain anomalies on MRI, including hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, enlarged cysterna magna with mild focal cerebellar dysplasia, and nodular heterotopia. Some patients have hydrocephalus. Psychomotor development is normal.
Related information in OMIM

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi228R → A: Abolishes location at mitotic spindle poles; when associated with A-243. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi228R → E: Strongly reduces interaction with INSC. Abolishes interaction with INSC; when associated with R-290. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi243R → A: Abolishes location at mitotic spindle poles; when associated with A-228. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi290N → R: Abolishes interaction with INSC; when associated with E-228. 1 Publication1

Keywords - Diseasei

Deafness

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
29899

MalaCards human disease database

More...
MalaCardsi
GPSM2
MIMi604213 phenotype

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000121957

Orphanet; a database dedicated to information on rare diseases and orphan drugs

More...
Orphaneti
90636 Autosomal recessive non-syndromic sensorineural deafness type DFNB
314597 Chudley-McCullough syndrome

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA134993615

Miscellaneous databases

Pharos NIH Druggable Genome Knowledgebase

More...
Pharosi
P81274 Tbio

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
GPSM2

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
294862507

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001063581 – 684G-protein-signaling modulator 2Add BLAST684

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei132Phosphoserine; by PKGSequence analysis1
Modified residuei352Phosphoserine; by PKGSequence analysis1
Modified residuei408PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei483PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei486PhosphothreonineCombined sources1
Modified residuei501Phosphoserine; by PKCSequence analysis1
Modified residuei541PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei565PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei607Phosphoserine; by PKGSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

More...
EPDi
P81274

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P81274

MassIVE - Mass Spectrometry Interactive Virtual Environment

More...
MassIVEi
P81274

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

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MaxQBi
P81274

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P81274

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
P81274

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P81274

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

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ProteomicsDBi
57693

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P81274

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

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PhosphoSitePlusi
P81274

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Ubiquitously expressed.

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000121957 Expressed in tibia and 221 other tissues

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

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ExpressionAtlasi
P81274 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

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Genevisiblei
P81274 HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

More...
HPAi
ENSG00000121957 Tissue enhanced (skin)

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with the dynein-dynactin complex; this interaction is inhibited in a PLK1-dependent manner (PubMed:22327364).

Part of a spindle orientation complex at least composed of GNAI1, GPSM2 and NUMA1 (PubMed:26766442).

Interacts with LLGL2 (PubMed:15632202).

Interacts (via TPR repeat region) with INSC/inscuteable (PubMed:16458856, PubMed:22074847).

Interacts (via TPR repeat region) with NUMA1 (via C-terminus); this interaction is direct, inhibited in a PLK1-dependent manner, prevents the binding of NUMA1 with SPAG5 and promotes spindle pole organization (PubMed:11781568, PubMed:22327364, PubMed:27462074). INSC and NUMA1 compete for the same binding site, but INSC has higher affinity and can displace NUMA1 (in vitro) (PubMed:22074847).

Interacts with GNAI2 (PubMed:8973305).

Interacts (via GoLoco domains) with the GDP-bound form of GNAI1 and GNAI3; has much lower affinity for the GTP-bound form. Interaction with GDP-bound GNAI3 strongly enhances the affinity for NUMA1 (By similarity).

Interacts (via TPR repeat region) with FRMPD1 (PubMed:22074847). INSC and FRMPD1 compete for the same binding site, but INSC has higher affinity and can displace FRMPD1 (in vitro) (By similarity).

Interacts (via TPR repeat region) with FRMPD4 (PubMed:22074847, PubMed:25664792).

Identified in a complex with INSC and F2RL2/Par3 (PubMed:16458856).

By similarity9 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Hide details

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

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BioGRIDi
118949, 16 interactors

CORUM comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes

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CORUMi
P81274

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-399N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P81274, 18 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

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MINTi
P81274

STRING: functional protein association networks

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STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000385510

Miscellaneous databases

RNAct, Protein-RNA interaction predictions for model organisms.

More...
RNActi
P81274 protein

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1684
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P81274

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section indicates the positions and types of repeated sequence motifs or repeated domains within the protein.<p><a href='/help/repeat' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Repeati24 – 57TPR 1Add BLAST34
Repeati62 – 95TPR 2Add BLAST34
Repeati102 – 135TPR 3Add BLAST34
Repeati142 – 184TPR 4Add BLAST43
Repeati202 – 235TPR 5Add BLAST34
Repeati242 – 275TPR 6Add BLAST34
Repeati282 – 315TPR 7Add BLAST34
Repeati322 – 355TPR 8Add BLAST34
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini489 – 511GoLoco 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Domaini544 – 566GoLoco 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Domaini594 – 616GoLoco 3PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23
Domaini628 – 650GoLoco 4PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST23

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni22 – 357Important for interaction with NUMA1; INSC and FRMPD1By similarityAdd BLAST336

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the GPSM family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, TPR repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1130 Eukaryota
ENOG410XP6N LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000161257

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_012445_1_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
P81274

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K15837

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
AKLHFVN

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
733786at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P81274

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

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TreeFami
TF328344

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

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Gene3Di
1.25.40.10, 3 hits

Intrinsically Disordered proteins with Extensive Annotations and Literature

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IDEALi
IID00313

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR003109 GoLoco_motif
IPR013026 TPR-contain_dom
IPR011990 TPR-like_helical_dom_sf
IPR019734 TPR_repeat

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02188 GoLoco, 4 hits
PF13176 TPR_7, 2 hits
PF13181 TPR_8, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00390 GoLoco, 4 hits
SM00028 TPR, 7 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48452 SSF48452, 2 hits

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50877 GOLOCO, 4 hits
PS50005 TPR, 6 hits
PS50293 TPR_REGION, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 8 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P81274-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MEENLISMRE DHSFHVRYRM EASCLELALE GERLCKSGDC RAGVSFFEAA
60 70 80 90 100
VQVGTEDLKT LSAIYSQLGN AYFYLHDYAK ALEYHHHDLT LARTIGDQLG
110 120 130 140 150
EAKASGNLGN TLKVLGNFDE AIVCCQRHLD ISRELNDKVG EARALYNLGN
160 170 180 190 200
VYHAKGKSFG CPGPQDVGEF PEEVRDALQA AVDFYEENLS LVTALGDRAA
210 220 230 240 250
QGRAFGNLGN THYLLGNFRD AVIAHEQRLL IAKEFGDKAA ERRAYSNLGN
260 270 280 290 300
AYIFLGEFET ASEYYKKTLL LARQLKDRAV EAQSCYSLGN TYTLLQDYEK
310 320 330 340 350
AIDYHLKHLA IAQELNDRIG EGRACWSLGN AYTALGNHDQ AMHFAEKHLE
360 370 380 390 400
ISREVGDKSG ELTARLNLSD LQMVLGLSYS TNNSIMSENT EIDSSLNGVR
410 420 430 440 450
PKLGRRHSME NMELMKLTPE KVQNWNSEIL AKQKPLIAKP SAKLLFVNRL
460 470 480 490 500
KGKKYKTNSS TKVLQDASNS IDHRIPNSQR KISADTIGDE GFFDLLSRFQ
510 520 530 540 550
SNRMDDQRCC LQEKNCHTAS TTTSSTPPKM MLKTSSVPVV SPNTDEFLDL
560 570 580 590 600
LASSQSRRLD DQRASFSNLP GLRLTQNSQS VLSHLMTNDN KEADEDFFDI
610 620 630 640 650
LVKCQGSRLD DQRCAPPPAT TKGPTVPDED FFSLILRSQG KRMDEQRVLL
660 670 680
QRDQNRDTDF GLKDFLQNNA LLEFKNSGKK SADH
Length:684
Mass (Da):76,662
Last modified:April 20, 2010 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iD007A4765F57CB90
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 8 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
Q5T1N9Q5T1N9_HUMAN
G-protein-signaling modulator 2
GPSM2
213Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
H0Y4A4H0Y4A4_HUMAN
G-protein-signaling modulator 2
GPSM2
217Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A2R8Y6E3A0A2R8Y6E3_HUMAN
G-protein-signaling modulator 2
GPSM2
311Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
B0QZD0B0QZD0_HUMAN
G-protein-signaling modulator 2
GPSM2
75Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
B0QZC9B0QZC9_HUMAN
G-protein-signaling modulator 2
GPSM2
52Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A2R8YCX1A0A2R8YCX1_HUMAN
G-protein-signaling modulator 2
GPSM2
228Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A2R8Y896A0A2R8Y896_HUMAN
G-protein-signaling modulator 2
GPSM2
83Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A2R8Y673A0A2R8Y673_HUMAN
G-protein-signaling modulator 2
GPSM2
93Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAB40385 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Truncated N-terminus.Curated
The sequence AAH27732 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Truncated N-terminus.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti400R → L in AAB40385 (PubMed:8973305).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U54999 mRNA Translation: AAB40385.1 Different initiation.
AB445462 mRNA Translation: BAH84760.1
AL449266 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CH471122 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW56340.1
BC027732 mRNA Translation: AAH27732.1 Different initiation.
AY136740 mRNA Translation: AAN01266.1
CR456786 mRNA Translation: CAG33067.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

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CCDSi
CCDS792.2

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

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PIRi
JC5334 G02540

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_001307967.1, NM_001321038.1
NP_001307968.1, NM_001321039.1
NP_037428.3, NM_013296.4
XP_011539603.1, XM_011541301.2
XP_011539604.1, XM_011541302.2
XP_016856586.1, XM_017001097.1
XP_016856587.1, XM_017001098.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000264126; ENSP00000264126; ENSG00000121957
ENST00000406462; ENSP00000385510; ENSG00000121957
ENST00000642355; ENSP00000496104; ENSG00000121957

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
29899

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

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KEGGi
hsa:29899

UCSC genome browser

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UCSCi
uc010ovc.3 human

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U54999 mRNA Translation: AAB40385.1 Different initiation.
AB445462 mRNA Translation: BAH84760.1
AL449266 Genomic DNA No translation available.
CH471122 Genomic DNA Translation: EAW56340.1
BC027732 mRNA Translation: AAH27732.1 Different initiation.
AY136740 mRNA Translation: AAN01266.1
CR456786 mRNA Translation: CAG33067.1
CCDSiCCDS792.2
PIRiJC5334 G02540
RefSeqiNP_001307967.1, NM_001321038.1
NP_001307968.1, NM_001321039.1
NP_037428.3, NM_013296.4
XP_011539603.1, XM_011541301.2
XP_011539604.1, XM_011541302.2
XP_016856586.1, XM_017001097.1
XP_016856587.1, XM_017001098.1

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

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PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

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RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

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PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
3SF4X-ray2.60A/B/C20-421[»]
4WNDX-ray1.50A20-421[»]
4WNEX-ray2.00A20-421[»]
4WNFX-ray2.90A20-421[»]
4WNGX-ray2.11A20-421[»]
5A6CX-ray2.90A/B22-357[»]
6HC2X-ray4.31A/C/E/G/I/K/M/O/Q/S/U/W14-374[»]
SMRiP81274
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi118949, 16 interactors
CORUMiP81274
DIPiDIP-399N
IntActiP81274, 18 interactors
MINTiP81274
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000385510

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP81274
PhosphoSitePlusiP81274

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiGPSM2
DMDMi294862507

Proteomic databases

EPDiP81274
jPOSTiP81274
MassIVEiP81274
MaxQBiP81274
PaxDbiP81274
PeptideAtlasiP81274
PRIDEiP81274
ProteomicsDBi57693

Protocols and materials databases

Antibodypedia a portal for validated antibodies

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Antibodypediai
1983 188 antibodies

The DNASU plasmid repository

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DNASUi
29899

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000264126; ENSP00000264126; ENSG00000121957
ENST00000406462; ENSP00000385510; ENSG00000121957
ENST00000642355; ENSP00000496104; ENSG00000121957
GeneIDi29899
KEGGihsa:29899
UCSCiuc010ovc.3 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
29899
DisGeNETi29899
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000121957.12

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

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GeneCardsi
GPSM2
HGNCiHGNC:29501 GPSM2
HPAiENSG00000121957 Tissue enhanced (skin)
MalaCardsiGPSM2
MIMi604213 phenotype
609245 gene
neXtProtiNX_P81274
OpenTargetsiENSG00000121957
Orphaneti90636 Autosomal recessive non-syndromic sensorineural deafness type DFNB
314597 Chudley-McCullough syndrome
PharmGKBiPA134993615

GenAtlas: human gene database

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GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1130 Eukaryota
ENOG410XP6N LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000161257
HOGENOMiCLU_012445_1_0_1
InParanoidiP81274
KOiK15837
OMAiAKLHFVN
OrthoDBi733786at2759
PhylomeDBiP81274
TreeFamiTF328344

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-418594 G alpha (i) signalling events
SIGNORiP81274

Miscellaneous databases

BioGRID ORCS database of CRISPR phenotype screens

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BioGRID-ORCSi
29899 2 hits in 789 CRISPR screens

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

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ChiTaRSi
GPSM2 human

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

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GeneWikii
GPSM2

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

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GenomeRNAii
29899
PharosiP81274 Tbio

Protein Ontology

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PROi
PR:P81274
RNActiP81274 protein

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

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SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000121957 Expressed in tibia and 221 other tissues
ExpressionAtlasiP81274 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP81274 HS

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.25.40.10, 3 hits
IDEALiIID00313
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003109 GoLoco_motif
IPR013026 TPR-contain_dom
IPR011990 TPR-like_helical_dom_sf
IPR019734 TPR_repeat
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02188 GoLoco, 4 hits
PF13176 TPR_7, 2 hits
PF13181 TPR_8, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00390 GoLoco, 4 hits
SM00028 TPR, 7 hits
SUPFAMiSSF48452 SSF48452, 2 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50877 GOLOCO, 4 hits
PS50005 TPR, 6 hits
PS50293 TPR_REGION, 2 hits

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

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ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGPSM2_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P81274
Secondary accession number(s): Q5T1N8, Q6IBL7, Q8N0Z5
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 30, 2000
Last sequence update: April 20, 2010
Last modified: June 17, 2020
This is version 204 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Human chromosome 1
    Human chromosome 1: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  4. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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