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Entry version 121 (16 Jan 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 1997)
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Protein

Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase 2, cytoplasmic

Gene

PAFAH2

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Has a marked selectivity for phospholipids with short acyl chains at the sn-2 position. May share a common physiologic function with the plasma-type enzyme.2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei236Nucleophile1 Publication1
Active sitei259Charge relay systemPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Active sitei314Charge relay systemPROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • 1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine esterase activity Source: GO_Central

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase
Biological processLipid degradation, Lipid metabolism

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-418346 Platelet homeostasis

Protein family/group databases

ESTHER database of the Alpha/Beta-hydrolase fold superfamily of proteins

More...
ESTHERi
bovin-paf2 PAF-Acetylhydrolase

Chemistry databases

SwissLipids knowledge resource for lipid biology

More...
SwissLipidsi
SLP:000000690

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase 2, cytoplasmic1 Publication (EC:3.1.1.472 Publications)
Alternative name(s):
Serine-dependent phospholipase A2By similarity
Short name:
SD-PLA2Curated
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PAFAH2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCetartiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:32552 PAFAH2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Endoplasmic reticulum, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi236S → C: Loss of catalytic activity. Loss of protection against reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced apoptosis. No defect in ROS-induced membrane translocation. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000903822 – 392Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase 2, cytoplasmicAdd BLAST391

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi2N-myristoyl glycine1 Publication1

Keywords - PTMi

Lipoprotein, Myristate

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P79106

PeptideAtlas

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PeptideAtlasi
P79106

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

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PRIDEi
P79106

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed at highest levels in liver and at lower levels in other tissues.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000005105 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in liver

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer.1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000006727

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P79106

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P79106

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the serine esterase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3847 Eukaryota
ENOG4111FH0 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000005233

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000008053

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

More...
HOVERGENi
HBG001322

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
P79106

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K01062

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
CGDVMEG

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1189747at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF313831

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.1820, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029058 AB_hydrolase
IPR005065 PAF_acetylhydro-like
IPR016715 PAF_acetylhydro_eukaryote

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10272 PTHR10272, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF03403 PAF-AH_p_II, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF018169 PAF_acetylhydrolase, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53474 SSF53474, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00120 LIPASE_SER, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P79106-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGVNQSVSFP PVTGPHLVGC GDVMEGQSLQ GSFFRLFYPC QEAEETSEQP
60 70 80 90 100
LWIPRYEYCA GLAEYLKFNK RWGGLLFNLG VGSCRLPVSW NGPFKTKDSG
110 120 130 140 150
YPLIIFSHGM GAFRTVYSAF CMELASRGFV VAVPEHRDGS AAATCFCKQT
160 170 180 190 200
PEENQPDNEA LKEEWIPHRQ IEEGEKEFYV RNYQVHQRVS ECVRVLKILQ
210 220 230 240 250
EVTAGQAVLN ILPGGLDLMT LKGGIDVSRV AVMGHSFGGA TAILALAKEM
260 270 280 290 300
QFRCAVALDA WMFPLEHDFY PTARGPIFFI NAEKFQTVET VNLMKKICDQ
310 320 330 340 350
HHQSRIITVL GSVHRSLTDF VFVAGNWISK FFSSHTRGSL DPYEGQETVV
360 370 380 390
RAMLAFLQKH LDLKEDYDQW NNFIEGIGPS LTPGAPHHLS SL
Length:392
Mass (Da):43,865
Last modified:May 1, 1997 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i1DEACA2ADFA4CEA8
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
D87559 mRNA Translation: BAA13419.1
BT020849 mRNA Translation: AAX08866.1
BC105148 mRNA Translation: AAI05149.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_776995.1, NM_174570.2
XP_015315520.1, XM_015460034.1

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
Bt.103232
Bt.4013

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000006727; ENSBTAP00000006727; ENSBTAG00000005105
ENSBTAT00000065543; ENSBTAP00000056542; ENSBTAG00000005105

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
282299

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:282299

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D87559 mRNA Translation: BAA13419.1
BT020849 mRNA Translation: AAX08866.1
BC105148 mRNA Translation: AAI05149.1
RefSeqiNP_776995.1, NM_174570.2
XP_015315520.1, XM_015460034.1
UniGeneiBt.103232
Bt.4013

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP79106
SMRiP79106
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000006727

Chemistry databases

SwissLipidsiSLP:000000690

Protein family/group databases

ESTHERibovin-paf2 PAF-Acetylhydrolase

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP79106
PeptideAtlasiP79106
PRIDEiP79106

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

More...
DNASUi
282299
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000006727; ENSBTAP00000006727; ENSBTAG00000005105
ENSBTAT00000065543; ENSBTAP00000056542; ENSBTAG00000005105
GeneIDi282299
KEGGibta:282299

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
5051
VGNCiVGNC:32552 PAFAH2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3847 Eukaryota
ENOG4111FH0 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000005233
HOGENOMiHOG000008053
HOVERGENiHBG001322
InParanoidiP79106
KOiK01062
OMAiCGDVMEG
OrthoDBi1189747at2759
TreeFamiTF313831

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-418346 Platelet homeostasis

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000005105 Expressed in 10 organ(s), highest expression level in liver

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.1820, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029058 AB_hydrolase
IPR005065 PAF_acetylhydro-like
IPR016715 PAF_acetylhydro_eukaryote
PANTHERiPTHR10272 PTHR10272, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03403 PAF-AH_p_II, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF018169 PAF_acetylhydrolase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53474 SSF53474, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00120 LIPASE_SER, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPAFA2_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P79106
Secondary accession number(s): Q5E9S1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 30, 2000
Last sequence update: May 1, 1997
Last modified: January 16, 2019
This is version 121 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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