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Entry version 112 (12 Aug 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 May 1997)
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Protein

Pyruvate carboxylase

Gene

PYC1

Organism
Komagataella pastoris (Yeast) (Pichia pastoris)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Protein inferred from homologyi <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Pyruvate carboxylase catalyzes a 2-step reaction, involving the ATP-dependent carboxylation of the covalently attached biotin in the first step and the transfer of the carboxyl group to pyruvate in the second.By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the 'Function' section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: gluconeogenesis

This protein is involved in the pathway gluconeogenesis, which is part of Carbohydrate biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway gluconeogenesis and in Carbohydrate biosynthesis.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei139ATPBy similarity1
Binding sitei223ATPBy similarity1
Binding sitei258ATPBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei315By similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi568Divalent metal cationBy similarity1
Binding sitei640SubstrateBy similarity1
Metal bindingi736Divalent metal cation; via carbamate groupBy similarity1
Metal bindingi766Divalent metal cationBy similarity1
Metal bindingi768Divalent metal cationBy similarity1
Binding sitei900SubstrateBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionLigase, Multifunctional enzyme
Biological processGluconeogenesis
LigandATP-binding, Biotin, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding, Zinc

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00138

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Pyruvate carboxylase (EC:6.4.1.1)
Alternative name(s):
Pyruvic carboxylase
Short name:
PCB
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PYC1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiKomagataella pastoris (Yeast) (Pichia pastoris)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4922 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesPhaffomycetaceaeKomagataella

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001468221 – 1189Pyruvate carboxylaseAdd BLAST1189

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei736N6-carboxylysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei1140N6-biotinyllysinePROSITE-ProRule annotationBy similarity1

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P78992

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P78992

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini21 – 473Biotin carboxylationAdd BLAST453
Domaini143 – 340ATP-graspPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST198
Domaini559 – 826Pyruvate carboxyltransferasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST268
Domaini1099 – 1174Biotinyl-bindingPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST76

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni567 – 571Substrate bindingBy similarity5

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.20.70, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013785, Aldolase_TIM
IPR011761, ATP-grasp
IPR005481, BC-like_N
IPR001882, Biotin_BS
IPR011764, Biotin_carboxylation_dom
IPR005482, Biotin_COase_C
IPR000089, Biotin_lipoyl
IPR003379, Carboxylase_cons_dom
IPR005479, CbamoylP_synth_lsu-like_ATP-bd
IPR016185, PreATP-grasp_dom_sf
IPR000891, PYR_CT
IPR005930, Pyruv_COase
IPR011054, Rudment_hybrid_motif
IPR011053, Single_hybrid_motif

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02785, Biotin_carb_C, 1 hit
PF00289, Biotin_carb_N, 1 hit
PF00364, Biotin_lipoyl, 1 hit
PF02786, CPSase_L_D2, 1 hit
PF00682, HMGL-like, 1 hit
PF02436, PYC_OADA, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001594, Pyruv_carbox, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00878, Biotin_carb_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51230, SSF51230, 1 hit
SSF51246, SSF51246, 1 hit
SSF52440, SSF52440, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01235, pyruv_carbox, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50975, ATP_GRASP, 1 hit
PS50979, BC, 1 hit
PS00188, BIOTIN, 1 hit
PS50968, BIOTINYL_LIPOYL, 1 hit
PS00866, CPSASE_1, 1 hit
PS00867, CPSASE_2, 1 hit
PS50991, PYR_CT, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P78992-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAEEDYLPVY QLRRDSSLLG TMNKILVANR GEIPIRIFRT AHELSMNTVA
60 70 80 90 100
IYSHEDRLSM HRLKADEAYV IGERGQYSPV QAYLAIDEII KIAVKHNVNM
110 120 130 140 150
IHPGYGFCSE NSEFARKVEE NGILWVGPSD TVIDAVGDKV SARNLAYAAN
160 170 180 190 200
VPTVPGTPGP IEDVAQATAF VEEYGYPVII KAAFGGGGRG MRVVREGDDI
210 220 230 240 250
EDAFLRASSE AKTAFGNGTV FIERFLDKPK HIEVQLLADN YGNVIHLFER
260 270 280 290 300
DCSVQRRHQK VARNCSAKTL PVEVRNAILN DAVKLAKTAN YRNAGTAEFL
310 320 330 340 350
VDSQNRHYFI EINPRIQVEH TITEEITGVD IVAAQIQIAA GASLEQLGLL
360 370 380 390 400
QEKITTRGFA IQCRITTEDP TKNFQPDTGK IEVYRSSGGN GVRLDGGNGF
410 420 430 440 450
AGAVISPHYD SMLVKCSTSG SNYEIRRRKM IRALVEFRIR GVKTNIPFLL
460 470 480 490 500
ALLTHPVFMT SECWTTFIDD TPELFKILTS QNRAQKLLAY LGDLAVNGSS
510 520 530 540 550
IKGQIGLPKL HKEADIPSIT DINGDVIDVS IPPPDGWRQF LLEKGPEQFA
560 570 580 590 600
QQVRAFPGLM IMDTTWRDAH QSLLATRVRT HDLLNIAPAT SYALHHAFAL
610 620 630 640 650
ECWGGATFDV SMRFLHEDPW QRLRKLRKAV PNIPFSMLLR GGNGVAYYSL
660 670 680 690 700
PDNAIDHFLK QAKDTGVDVF RVFDALNDIE QLKVGVDAVK KAGGVVEATM
710 720 730 740 750
CYSGDMLKPG KKYNLEYYIN LATEIVEMGT HILAVKDMAG TLKPTAAKQL
760 770 780 790 800
ISALRRKFPS LPIHVHTHDS AGTGVASMVA CARAGADVVT VRVNSMSGMT
810 820 830 840 850
SQPSMSAFIA SLDGEIETGI PEANAREIDA YWAEMRLLYS CFEADLKGPD
860 870 880 890 900
PEVYQHEIPG GQLTNLLFQA QQVGLGEKWV ETKKAYEAAN RLLGDIVKVT
910 920 930 940 950
PTSKVVGDLA QFMVSNKLSS EDVERLASEL DFPDSVLDFF EGLMGTPYGG
960 970 980 990 1000
FPEPLRTNVI SGKRRKLTSR PGLTLEPYNI PAIREDLEAR FSKVTENDVA
1010 1020 1030 1040 1050
SYNMYPKVYE AYKKQQELYG DLSVLPTRNF LSPPKIDEER HVTIVTIETR
1060 1070 1080 1090 1100
KTLIIKCMAE GELSQSSGTR EVYFELNGEM RKVTVEDKNG AVETITRPKA
1110 1120 1130 1140 1150
DAHNPNEIGA PMAGVVVEVR VHENGEVKKG DPIAVLSAMK MEMVISSPVA
1160 1170 1180
GRIGQIAVKE NDSVDASDLI PKSSRLSKLL MFIILIILY
Length:1,189
Mass (Da):131,400
Last modified:May 1, 1997 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i8B6E858079657914
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
Y11106 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA71993.1

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
Y11106 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA71993.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP78992
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP78992

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00138

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.20.20.70, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013785, Aldolase_TIM
IPR011761, ATP-grasp
IPR005481, BC-like_N
IPR001882, Biotin_BS
IPR011764, Biotin_carboxylation_dom
IPR005482, Biotin_COase_C
IPR000089, Biotin_lipoyl
IPR003379, Carboxylase_cons_dom
IPR005479, CbamoylP_synth_lsu-like_ATP-bd
IPR016185, PreATP-grasp_dom_sf
IPR000891, PYR_CT
IPR005930, Pyruv_COase
IPR011054, Rudment_hybrid_motif
IPR011053, Single_hybrid_motif
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02785, Biotin_carb_C, 1 hit
PF00289, Biotin_carb_N, 1 hit
PF00364, Biotin_lipoyl, 1 hit
PF02786, CPSase_L_D2, 1 hit
PF00682, HMGL-like, 1 hit
PF02436, PYC_OADA, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001594, Pyruv_carbox, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00878, Biotin_carb_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51230, SSF51230, 1 hit
SSF51246, SSF51246, 1 hit
SSF52440, SSF52440, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01235, pyruv_carbox, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50975, ATP_GRASP, 1 hit
PS50979, BC, 1 hit
PS00188, BIOTIN, 1 hit
PS50968, BIOTINYL_LIPOYL, 1 hit
PS00866, CPSASE_1, 1 hit
PS00867, CPSASE_2, 1 hit
PS50991, PYR_CT, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPYC_PICPA
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P78992
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: May 1, 1997
Last modified: August 12, 2020
This is version 112 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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