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Entry version 121 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Feb 1997)
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Protein

Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase

Gene

PLA2G7

Organism
Cavia porcellus (Guinea pig)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Lipoprotein-associated calcium-independent phospholipase A2 involved in phospholipid catabolism during inflammatory and oxidative stress response (By similarity).

At the lipid-aqueous interface, hydrolyzes the ester bond of fatty acyl group attached at sn-2 position of phospholipids (phospholipase A2 activity) (By similarity).

Specifically targets phospholipids with a short-chain fatty acyl group at sn-2 position. Can hydrolyze phospholipids with long fatty acyl chains, only if they carry oxidized functional groups (By similarity).

Hydrolyzes and inactivates platelet-activating factor (PAF, 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine), a potent proinflammatory signaling lipid that acts through PTAFR on various innate immune cells (By similarity).

Hydrolyzes oxidatively truncated phospholipids carrying an aldehyde group at omega position, preventing their accumulation in lipoprotein particles and uncontrolled proinflammatory effects (By similarity).

As part of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles, can hydrolyze phospholipids having long-chain fatty acyl hydroperoxides at sn-2 position and protect against potential accumulation of these oxylipins in the vascular wall (By similarity).

Catalyzes the release from membrane phospholipids of F2-isoprostanes, lipid biomarkers of cellular oxidative damage (By similarity).

By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei271NucleophileBy similarity1
Active sitei294Charge relay systemPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Active sitei349Charge relay systemPROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase
Biological processLipid degradation, Lipid metabolism, Phospholipid degradation, Phospholipid metabolism

Protein family/group databases

ESTHER database of the Alpha/Beta-hydrolase fold superfamily of proteins

More...
ESTHERi
cavpo-pafa, PAF-Acetylhydrolase

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (EC:3.1.1.47By similarity)
Short name:
PAF acetylhydrolase
Alternative name(s):
1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine esterase
2-acetyl-1-alkylglycerophosphocholine esterase
LDL-associated phospholipase A2
Short name:
LDL-PLA(2)
PAF 2-acylhydrolase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PLA2G7
Synonyms:PAFAH
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiCavia porcellus (Guinea pig)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10141 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaHystricomorphaCaviidaeCavia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005447 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

HDL, Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 21By similarityAdd BLAST21
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001783222 – 436Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolaseAdd BLAST415

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi76N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi200N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi324N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

N-glycosylated.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Glycoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Plasma.By similarity

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSCPOG00000012786, Expressed in liver and 13 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10141.ENSCPOP00000011506

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P70683

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the AB hydrolase superfamily. Lipase family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG3847, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00390000005233

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_022501_0_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P70683

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
FLTGNWI

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1189747at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF313831

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.50.1820, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029058, AB_hydrolase
IPR005065, PAF_acetylhydro-like
IPR016715, PAF_acetylhydro_eucaryote

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10272, PTHR10272, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF03403, PAF-AH_p_II, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF018169, PAF_acetylhydrolase, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53474, SSF53474, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00120, LIPASE_SER, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P70683-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAPPKLHTLF CLSGFLALVH PFDWRDLDPV TYIQSSVWIQ RIQSELLITS
60 70 80 90 100
FGHTTIPKGN GPYSVGCTDL MSGYTNQSSF LRLYYPSQDN DFPDALWIPN
110 120 130 140 150
EEYFQGLTET LGASSFLGKL LKLLYGSVKV PAKWNSPLKT GEKYPLIIFS
160 170 180 190 200
HGLGAFRSIY SAIGIELASH GFIVAAVEHR DESAAATYYF QDAPAAESGN
210 220 230 240 250
RSWIYYKVGN LETEERKRQL RQRGEECSQA LSWLLSIDEG EPVKNVLDLN
260 270 280 290 300
FDIQQLKGSL DRSKVAIIGH SFGGATVIQT LSEDQRFRCG IALDPWMFPV
310 320 330 340 350
GEDVHSKIPQ PLFFINSEYF QSANDTKKIE KFYQPQKERK MIAVKGSVHH
360 370 380 390 400
NFVDFTFATG KIIGQMLSLK GKIDSEVAMD LINKASLAFL QKYLGLDKNF
410 420 430
DQWNSLMEGD DENLIPEFTI PTTMQSSTGT EQRNPD
Length:436
Mass (Da):49,063
Last modified:February 1, 1997 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iC359D96E392FFE11
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A0A2C9F1F4A0A2C9F1F4_CAVPO
Platelet-activating factor acetylhy...
PLA2G7
436Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
D67037 mRNA Translation: BAA11054.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
JC5021

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001166357.1, NM_001172886.1
XP_005005344.1, XM_005005287.2
XP_013011984.1, XM_013156530.1
XP_013011985.1, XM_013156531.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSCPOT00000044445; ENSCPOP00000024215; ENSCPOG00000012786

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100135600

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D67037 mRNA Translation: BAA11054.1
PIRiJC5021
RefSeqiNP_001166357.1, NM_001172886.1
XP_005005344.1, XM_005005287.2
XP_013011984.1, XM_013156530.1
XP_013011985.1, XM_013156531.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP70683
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10141.ENSCPOP00000011506

Protein family/group databases

ESTHERicavpo-pafa, PAF-Acetylhydrolase

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSCPOT00000044445; ENSCPOP00000024215; ENSCPOG00000012786
GeneIDi100135600

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
7941

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG3847, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00390000005233
HOGENOMiCLU_022501_0_0_1
InParanoidiP70683
OMAiFLTGNWI
OrthoDBi1189747at2759
TreeFamiTF313831

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSCPOG00000012786, Expressed in liver and 13 other tissues

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.50.1820, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029058, AB_hydrolase
IPR005065, PAF_acetylhydro-like
IPR016715, PAF_acetylhydro_eucaryote
PANTHERiPTHR10272, PTHR10272, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF03403, PAF-AH_p_II, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF018169, PAF_acetylhydrolase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53474, SSF53474, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00120, LIPASE_SER, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPAFA_CAVPO
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P70683
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1997
Last sequence update: February 1, 1997
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 121 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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