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Entry version 123 (07 Oct 2020)
Sequence version 2 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Sec-independent protein translocase protein TatC

Gene

tatC

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Part of the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system that transports large folded proteins containing a characteristic twin-arginine motif in their signal peptide across membranes. Together with TatB, TatC is part of a receptor directly interacting with Tat signal peptides.UniRule annotation5 Publications

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processProtein transport, Translocation, Transport

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:EG11479-MONOMER
MetaCyc:EG11479-MONOMER

Protein family/group databases

Transport Classification Database

More...
TCDBi
2.A.64.1.1, the twin arginine targeting (tat) family

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Sec-independent protein translocase protein TatCUniRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:tatCUniRule annotation
Synonyms:mttB, yigU, yigV
Ordered Locus Names:b3839, JW3815
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini2 – 23CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST22
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei24 – 44HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini45 – 75PeriplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST31
Transmembranei76 – 96HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini97 – 115CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST19
Transmembranei116 – 136HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini137 – 156PeriplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST20
Transmembranei157 – 177HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini178 – 192CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST15
Transmembranei193 – 210HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST18
Topological domaini211PeriplasmicSequence analysis1
Transmembranei212 – 232HelicalUniRule annotationAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini233 – 258CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST26

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell inner membrane, Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Disruption blocks the export of at least five twin-arginine-containing precursor proteins that are predicted to bind redox cofactors, and hence fold prior to translocation. Disruption does not affect the Sec pathway.1 Publication

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology%5Fand%5Fbiotech%5Fsection">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi17R → A: No anaerobic growth and no TorA export. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi20 – 22Missing : No anaerobic growth and 75% decrease in TorA export. 1 Publication3
Mutagenesisi20L → A: 25% decrease in anaerobic growth and 75% decrease in TorA export. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi94F → A or L: Loss of function. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi94F → A: Export of TorA restored; when associated with A-211. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi103E → A, D or R: Loss of function. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi103E → A: Export of TorA restored; when associated with A-211. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi103E → Q: Severely retard but does not abolish activity. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi211D → A: Export activity of TorA blocked. Export of TorA restored; when associated with A-94 or A-103. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi211D → E or N: Decrease in TorA export activity. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000980832 – 258Sec-independent protein translocase protein TatCAdd BLAST257

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P69423

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P69423

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Constitutively expressed.1 Publication

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

The Tat system comprises two distinct complexes: a TatABC complex, containing multiple copies of TatA, TatB and TatC subunits, and a separate TatA complex, containing only TatA subunits. Substrates initially bind to the TatABC complex, which probably triggers association of the separate TatA complex to form the active translocon. TatC can form a distinct, stable, multimeric complex independent of TatA and TatB. Each of TatA, TatB and TatC are able to interact in pairs without the third partner.

Interacts with the signal sequence of DmsA and DmsD.

UniRule annotation6 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">Interaction</a>' section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="https://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated at every <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/synchronization">UniProt release</a>.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

Hide details

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
4259567, 437 interactors

ComplexPortal: manually curated resource of macromolecular complexes

More...
ComplexPortali
CPX-3445, Twin-arginine translocation complex

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-58537N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P69423, 7 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P69423

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
511145.b3839

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P69423

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the TatC family.UniRule annotation

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG0805, Bacteria

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_031942_1_1_6

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P69423

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K03118

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P69423

Family and domain databases

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00902, TatC, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR019820, Sec-indep_translocase_CS
IPR002033, TatC

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR30371, PTHR30371, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00902, TatC, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01840, TATCFAMILY

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00945, tatC, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS01218, TATC, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P69423-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSVEDTQPLI THLIELRKRL LNCIIAVIVI FLCLVYFAND IYHLVSAPLI
60 70 80 90 100
KQLPQGSTMI ATDVASPFFT PIKLTFMVSL ILSAPVILYQ VWAFIAPALY
110 120 130 140 150
KHERRLVVPL LVSSSLLFYI GMAFAYFVVF PLAFGFLANT APEGVQVSTD
160 170 180 190 200
IASYLSFVMA LFMAFGVSFE VPVAIVLLCW MGITSPEDLR KKRPYVLVGA
210 220 230 240 250
FVVGMLLTPP DVFSQTLLAI PMYCLFEIGV FFSRFYVGKG RNREEENDAE

AESEKTEE
Length:258
Mass (Da):28,876
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iD2383F85AF62A81C
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ005830 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA06726.1
AF067848 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC19242.1
M87049 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA67634.1 Frameshift.
M87049 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA67635.1 Frameshift.
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC76842.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE77463.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
H65188
S30728

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_418282.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000109943.1, NZ_STEB01000021.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC76842; AAC76842; b3839
BAE77463; BAE77463; BAE77463

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
48133332
948328

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW3815
eco:b3839

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|1411691.4.peg.2870

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ005830 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA06726.1
AF067848 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC19242.1
M87049 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA67634.1 Frameshift.
M87049 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA67635.1 Frameshift.
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC76842.1
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE77463.1
PIRiH65188
S30728
RefSeqiNP_418282.1, NC_000913.3
WP_000109943.1, NZ_STEB01000021.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP69423
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi4259567, 437 interactors
ComplexPortaliCPX-3445, Twin-arginine translocation complex
DIPiDIP-58537N
IntActiP69423, 7 interactors
MINTiP69423
STRINGi511145.b3839

Protein family/group databases

TCDBi2.A.64.1.1, the twin arginine targeting (tat) family

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP69423
PRIDEiP69423

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC76842; AAC76842; b3839
BAE77463; BAE77463; BAE77463
GeneIDi48133332
948328
KEGGiecj:JW3815
eco:b3839
PATRICifig|1411691.4.peg.2870

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB1445

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG0805, Bacteria
HOGENOMiCLU_031942_1_1_6
InParanoidiP69423
KOiK03118
PhylomeDBiP69423

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:EG11479-MONOMER
MetaCyc:EG11479-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P69423

Family and domain databases

HAMAPiMF_00902, TatC, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR019820, Sec-indep_translocase_CS
IPR002033, TatC
PANTHERiPTHR30371, PTHR30371, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00902, TatC, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01840, TATCFAMILY
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00945, tatC, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS01218, TATC, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTATC_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P69423
Secondary accession number(s): P27857
, P27858, P76765, P76766, Q2M8E3
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: March 1, 2005
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: October 7, 2020
This is version 123 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Escherichia coli
    Escherichia coli (strain K12): entries and cross-references to EcoGene
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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