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Entry version 106 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 2 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(T) subunit gamma-T1

Gene

GNGT1

Organism
Canis lupus familiaris (Dog) (Canis familiaris)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as a modulator or transducer in various transmembrane signaling systems. The beta and gamma chains are required for the GTPase activity, for replacement of GDP by GTP, and for G protein-effector interaction.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionTransducer

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-CFA-1296041, Activation of G protein gated Potassium channels
R-CFA-202040, G-protein activation
R-CFA-2485179, Activation of the phototransduction cascade
R-CFA-2514859, Inactivation, recovery and regulation of the phototransduction cascade
R-CFA-381676, Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP1) regulates insulin secretion
R-CFA-381753, Olfactory Signaling Pathway
R-CFA-392170, ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 12
R-CFA-392451, G beta:gamma signalling through PI3Kgamma
R-CFA-392851, Prostacyclin signalling through prostacyclin receptor
R-CFA-400042, Adrenaline,noradrenaline inhibits insulin secretion
R-CFA-4086398, Ca2+ pathway
R-CFA-416476, G alpha (q) signalling events
R-CFA-416482, G alpha (12/13) signalling events
R-CFA-418217, G beta:gamma signalling through PLC beta
R-CFA-418555, G alpha (s) signalling events
R-CFA-418592, ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 1
R-CFA-418594, G alpha (i) signalling events
R-CFA-418597, G alpha (z) signalling events
R-CFA-420092, Glucagon-type ligand receptors
R-CFA-428930, Thromboxane signalling through TP receptor
R-CFA-432040, Vasopressin regulates renal water homeostasis via Aquaporins
R-CFA-456926, Thrombin signalling through proteinase activated receptors (PARs)
R-CFA-500657, Presynaptic function of Kainate receptors
R-CFA-6814122, Cooperation of PDCL (PhLP1) and TRiC/CCT in G-protein beta folding
R-CFA-8964315, G beta:gamma signalling through BTK
R-CFA-8964616, G beta:gamma signalling through CDC42
R-CFA-9009391, Extra-nuclear estrogen signaling
R-CFA-997272, Inhibition of voltage gated Ca2+ channels via Gbeta/gamma subunits

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(T) subunit gamma-T1
Alternative name(s):
Transducin gamma chain
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GNGT1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiCanis lupus familiaris (Dog) (Canis familiaris)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9615 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaCarnivoraCaniformiaCanidaeCanis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002254 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 14

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:41324, GNGT1

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000126031 – 71Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(T) subunit gamma-T1Add BLAST71
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_000001260472 – 74Removed in mature formBy similarity3

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei71Cysteine methyl esterBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi71S-farnesyl cysteineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Lipoprotein, Methylation, Prenylation

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P63210

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Retinal rod outer segment.

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSCAFG00000002044, Expressed in testis and 6 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

G proteins are composed of 3 units, alpha, beta and gamma.

GO - Molecular functioni

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P63210

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the G protein gamma family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT01020000230466

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_168377_2_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P63210

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
CEEFRDY

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00068, GGL, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
4.10.260.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR015898, G-protein_gamma-like_dom
IPR036284, GGL_sf
IPR001770, Gprotein-gamma

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR13809, PTHR13809, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00631, G-gamma, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00321, GPROTEING

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00224, GGL, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48670, SSF48670, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50058, G_PROTEIN_GAMMA, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P63210-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPVINIEDLT EKDKLKMEVD QLKKEVTLER MLVSKCCEEV RDYVEERSGE
60 70
DPLVKGIPED KNPFKELKGG CVIS
Length:74
Mass (Da):8,496
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iB12B42BE00DB1C05
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
Z75156 mRNA Translation: CAA99470.1
AJ507014, AJ507015 Genomic DNA Translation: CAD44991.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001003225.1, NM_001003225.1
XP_005628403.1, XM_005628346.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSCAFT00000003233; ENSCAFP00000003005; ENSCAFG00000002044
ENSCAFT00030027907; ENSCAFP00030024354; ENSCAFG00030015119
ENSCAFT00040020630; ENSCAFP00040017906; ENSCAFG00040011163

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
403895

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
cfa:403895

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
Z75156 mRNA Translation: CAA99470.1
AJ507014, AJ507015 Genomic DNA Translation: CAD44991.1
RefSeqiNP_001003225.1, NM_001003225.1
XP_005628403.1, XM_005628346.2

3D structure databases

SMRiP63210
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP63210

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSCAFT00000003233; ENSCAFP00000003005; ENSCAFG00000002044
ENSCAFT00030027907; ENSCAFP00030024354; ENSCAFG00030015119
ENSCAFT00040020630; ENSCAFP00040017906; ENSCAFG00040011163
GeneIDi403895
KEGGicfa:403895

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2792
VGNCiVGNC:41324, GNGT1

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT01020000230466
HOGENOMiCLU_168377_2_0_1
InParanoidiP63210
OMAiCEEFRDY

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-CFA-1296041, Activation of G protein gated Potassium channels
R-CFA-202040, G-protein activation
R-CFA-2485179, Activation of the phototransduction cascade
R-CFA-2514859, Inactivation, recovery and regulation of the phototransduction cascade
R-CFA-381676, Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP1) regulates insulin secretion
R-CFA-381753, Olfactory Signaling Pathway
R-CFA-392170, ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 12
R-CFA-392451, G beta:gamma signalling through PI3Kgamma
R-CFA-392851, Prostacyclin signalling through prostacyclin receptor
R-CFA-400042, Adrenaline,noradrenaline inhibits insulin secretion
R-CFA-4086398, Ca2+ pathway
R-CFA-416476, G alpha (q) signalling events
R-CFA-416482, G alpha (12/13) signalling events
R-CFA-418217, G beta:gamma signalling through PLC beta
R-CFA-418555, G alpha (s) signalling events
R-CFA-418592, ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 1
R-CFA-418594, G alpha (i) signalling events
R-CFA-418597, G alpha (z) signalling events
R-CFA-420092, Glucagon-type ligand receptors
R-CFA-428930, Thromboxane signalling through TP receptor
R-CFA-432040, Vasopressin regulates renal water homeostasis via Aquaporins
R-CFA-456926, Thrombin signalling through proteinase activated receptors (PARs)
R-CFA-500657, Presynaptic function of Kainate receptors
R-CFA-6814122, Cooperation of PDCL (PhLP1) and TRiC/CCT in G-protein beta folding
R-CFA-8964315, G beta:gamma signalling through BTK
R-CFA-8964616, G beta:gamma signalling through CDC42
R-CFA-9009391, Extra-nuclear estrogen signaling
R-CFA-997272, Inhibition of voltage gated Ca2+ channels via Gbeta/gamma subunits

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSCAFG00000002044, Expressed in testis and 6 other tissues

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00068, GGL, 1 hit
Gene3Di4.10.260.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR015898, G-protein_gamma-like_dom
IPR036284, GGL_sf
IPR001770, Gprotein-gamma
PANTHERiPTHR13809, PTHR13809, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00631, G-gamma, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00321, GPROTEING
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00224, GGL, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48670, SSF48670, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50058, G_PROTEIN_GAMMA, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGBG1_CANLF
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P63210
Secondary accession number(s): O43835, Q08447, Q16026
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: September 27, 2004
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 106 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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