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Protein

Ubiquitin-40S ribosomal protein S27a

Gene

RPS27A

Organism
Cavia porcellus (Guinea pig)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Ubiquitin: Exists either covalently attached to another protein, or free (unanchored). When covalently bound, it is conjugated to target proteins via an isopeptide bond either as a monomer (monoubiquitin), a polymer linked via different Lys residues of the ubiquitin (polyubiquitin chains) or a linear polymer linked via the initiator Met of the ubiquitin (linear polyubiquitin chains). Polyubiquitin chains, when attached to a target protein, have different functions depending on the Lys residue of the ubiquitin that is linked: Lys-6-linked may be involved in DNA repair; Lys-11-linked is involved in ERAD (endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation) and in cell-cycle regulation; Lys-29-linked is involved in lysosomal degradation; Lys-33-linked is involved in kinase modification; Lys-48-linked is involved in protein degradation via the proteasome; Lys-63-linked is involved in endocytosis, DNA-damage responses as well as in signaling processes leading to activation of the transcription factor NF-kappa-B. Linear polymer chains formed via attachment by the initiator Met lead to cell signaling. Ubiquitin is usually conjugated to Lys residues of target proteins, however, in rare cases, conjugation to Cys or Ser residues has been observed. When polyubiquitin is free (unanchored-polyubiquitin), it also has distinct roles, such as in activation of protein kinases, and in signaling (By similarity).By similarity
40S Ribosomal protein S27a: Component of the 40S subunit of the ribosome.

Miscellaneous

Ubiquitin is encoded by 4 different genes. UBA52 and RPS27A genes code for a single copy of ubiquitin fused to the ribosomal proteins L40 and S27a, respectively. UBB and UBC genes code for a polyubiquitin precursor with exact head to tail repeats, the number of repeats differ between species and strains.
For a better understanding, features related to ubiquitin are only indicated for the first chain.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Binding sitei54Activating enzymeBy similarity1
Sitei68Essential for functionBy similarity1
Binding sitei72Activating enzymeBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Zinc fingeri45 – 68C4-typeAdd BLAST24

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionRibonucleoprotein, Ribosomal protein
LigandMetal-binding, Zinc

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Ubiquitin-40S ribosomal protein S27a
Alternative name(s):
Ubiquitin carboxyl extension protein 80
Cleaved into the following 2 chains:
Gene namesi
Name:RPS27A
Synonyms:UBA80, UBCEP1, UBIZ
OrganismiCavia porcellus (Guinea pig)
Taxonomic identifieri10141 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaHystricomorphaCaviidaeCavia
Proteomesi
  • UP000005447 Componenti: Unassembled WGS sequence

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00003964751 – 76UbiquitinAdd BLAST76
ChainiPRO_000039647677 – 15640S ribosomal protein S27aAdd BLAST80

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Cross-linki6Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity
Cross-linki11Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity
Cross-linki27Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity
Cross-linki29Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity
Cross-linki48Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity
Cross-linki63Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in ubiquitin)By similarity
Modified residuei65Phosphoserine; by PINK1By similarity1
Cross-linki76Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Gly-Lys) (interchain with K-? in acceptor proteins)
Modified residuei104N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei113N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei152N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1

Post-translational modificationi

Ubiquitin: Phosphorylated at Ser-65 by PINK1 during mitophagy. Phosphorylated ubiquitin specifically binds and activates parkin (PRKN), triggering mitophagy. Phosphorylation does not affect E1-mediated E2 charging of ubiquitin but affects discharging of E2 enzymes to form polyubiquitin chains. It also affects deubiquitination by deubiquitinase enzymes such as USP30.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Isopeptide bond, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP62978

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSCPOG00000005819 Expressed in 3 organ(s), highest expression level in brain

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Ribosomal protein S27a is part of the 40S ribosomal subunit.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi10141.ENSCPOP00000005247

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP62978
SMRiP62978
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Domaini1 – 76Ubiquitin-likePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST76

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Compositional biasi78 – 107Lys-richAdd BLAST30

Sequence similaritiesi

In the N-terminal section; belongs to the ubiquitin family.Curated
In the C-terminal section; belongs to the eukaryotic ribosomal protein eS31 family.Curated

Zinc finger

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Zinc fingeri45 – 68C4-typeAdd BLAST24

Keywords - Domaini

Repeat, Zinc-finger

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0004 Eukaryota
COG5272 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00910000144152
HOVERGENiHBG079148
InParanoidiP62978

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di2.20.25.660, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR002906 Ribosomal_S27a
IPR011332 Ribosomal_zn-bd
IPR038582 S27a-like_sf
IPR019956 Ubiquitin
IPR029071 Ubiquitin-like_domsf
IPR019954 Ubiquitin_CS
IPR000626 Ubiquitin_dom
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01599 Ribosomal_S27, 1 hit
PF00240 ubiquitin, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00348 UBIQUITIN
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01402 Ribosomal_S27, 1 hit
SM00213 UBQ, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF54236 SSF54236, 1 hit
SSF57829 SSF57829, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00299 UBIQUITIN_1, 1 hit
PS50053 UBIQUITIN_2, 1 hit

Sequencei

Sequence statusi: Complete.

Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P62978-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQIFVKTLTG KTITLEVEPS DTIENVKAKI QDKEGIPPDQ QRLIFAGKQL
60 70 80 90 100
EDGRTLSDYN IQKESTLHLV LRLRGGAKKR KKKSYTTPKK NKHKRKKVKL
110 120 130 140 150
AVLKYYKVDE NGKISRLRRE CPSDECGAGV FMASHFDRHY CGKCCLTYCF

NKPEDK
Length:156
Mass (Da):17,965
Last modified:August 10, 2010 - v2
Checksum:i617BC63DF3A904F7
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
D83209 mRNA Translation: BAA11843.1
RefSeqiNP_001166537.1, NM_001173066.1
XP_005002694.1, XM_005002637.2

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSCPOT00000005882; ENSCPOP00000005248; ENSCPOG00000005819
GeneIDi100286787

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiRS27A_CAVPO
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P62978
Secondary accession number(s): P02248
, P02249, P02250, P14798, P62977, Q29120, Q91887, Q91888, Q9BQ77
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: August 31, 2004
Last sequence update: August 10, 2010
Last modified: September 12, 2018
This is version 87 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

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