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Entry version 136 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Aug 1988)
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Protein

Rho-related GTP-binding protein RhoB

Gene

Rhob

Organism
Rattus norvegicus (Rat)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Mediates apoptosis in neoplastically transformed cells after DNA damage. Not essential for development but affects cell adhesion and growth factor signaling in transformed cells. Plays a negative role in tumorigenesis as deletion causes tumor formation. Involved in intracellular protein trafficking of a number of proteins. Targets PKN1 to endosomes and is involved in trafficking of the EGF receptor from late endosomes to lysosomes. Also required for stability and nuclear trafficking of AKT1/AKT which promotes endothelial cell survival during vascular development. Serves as a microtubule-dependent signal that is required for the myosin contractile ring formation during cell cycle cytokinesis. Required for genotoxic stress-induced cell death in breast cancer cells (By similarity).By similarity

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi12 – 19GTPBy similarity8
Nucleotide bindingi59 – 63GTPBy similarity5
Nucleotide bindingi117 – 120GTPBy similarity4

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionDevelopmental protein
Biological processAngiogenesis, Apoptosis, Cell adhesion, Differentiation, Protein transport, Transport
LigandGTP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-RNO-114604 GPVI-mediated activation cascade
R-RNO-194840 Rho GTPase cycle
R-RNO-416482 G alpha (12/13) signalling events
R-RNO-416572 Sema4D induced cell migration and growth-cone collapse
R-RNO-5625740 RHO GTPases activate PKNs
R-RNO-5625900 RHO GTPases activate CIT
R-RNO-5627117 RHO GTPases Activate ROCKs
R-RNO-5663220 RHO GTPases Activate Formins

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Rho-related GTP-binding protein RhoB
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Rhob
Synonyms:Arhb
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiRattus norvegicus (Rat)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10116 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeRattus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002494 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 6

Organism-specific databases

Rat genome database

More...
RGDi
621309 Rhob

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell membrane, Endosome, Membrane, Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Keywords - Diseasei

Tumor suppressor

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000304211 – 193Rho-related GTP-binding protein RhoBAdd BLAST193
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_0000030422194 – 196Removed in mature formBy similarity3

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei154PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi189S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Lipidationi192S-palmitoyl cysteineBy similarity1
Modified residuei193Cysteine methyl esterBy similarity1
Lipidationi193S-farnesyl cysteine; in plasma membrane formBy similarity1
Lipidationi193S-geranylgeranyl cysteine; in endosomal formBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Prenylation specifies the subcellular location of RHOB. The farnesylated form is localized to the plasma membrane while the geranylgeranylated form is localized to the endosome (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Lipoprotein, Methylation, Palmitate, Phosphoprotein, Prenylation

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P62747

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P62747

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P62747

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P62747

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
P62747

SwissPalm database of S-palmitoylation events

More...
SwissPalmi
P62747

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

Expressed at very low levels in quiescent cells but is transiently induced by serum stimulation with levels increasing to a maximum within 30 minutes and declining over the next hour.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSRNOG00000021403 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in Ammon's horn

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P62747 RN

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Binds ROCK1 and ROCK2 (PubMed:8816443). Also binds PKN1/PRK1. Interacts with ARGGEF3. Interacts with RTKN. Interacts with AKAP13. Interacts with RIPOR1 (By similarity).By similarity1 Publication

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
249057, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10116.ENSRNOP00000008008

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P62747

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi34 – 42Effector regionSequence analysis9

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the small GTPase superfamily. Rho family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0393 Eukaryota
COG1100 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00950000182945

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000233974

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P62747

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K07856

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
WEVFETA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1166960at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P62747

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF300837

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
IPR005225 Small_GTP-bd_dom
IPR001806 Small_GTPase
IPR003578 Small_GTPase_Rho

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00071 Ras, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00231 small_GTP, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51420 RHO, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P62747-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAAIRKKLVV VGDGACGKTC LLIVFSKDEF PEVYVPTVFE NYVADIEVDG
60 70 80 90 100
KQVELALWDT AGQEDYDRLR PLSYPDTDVI LMCFSVDSPD SLENIPEKWV
110 120 130 140 150
PEVKHFCPNV PIILVANKKD LRSDEHVRTE LARMKQEPVR TDDGRAMAVR
160 170 180 190
IQAYDYLECS AKTKEGVREV FETATRAALQ KRYGSQNGCI NCCKVL
Length:196
Mass (Da):22,123
Last modified:August 1, 1988 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iCCE6FD53AE00CD83
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M74295 mRNA Translation: AAA42040.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A39727 TVRTRH

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_071987.1, NM_022542.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSRNOT00000008008; ENSRNOP00000008008; ENSRNOG00000021403

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
64373

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
rno:64373

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M74295 mRNA Translation: AAA42040.1
PIRiA39727 TVRTRH
RefSeqiNP_071987.1, NM_022542.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP62747
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi249057, 1 interactor
STRINGi10116.ENSRNOP00000008008

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP62747
PhosphoSitePlusiP62747
SwissPalmiP62747

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP62747
PaxDbiP62747
PRIDEiP62747

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSRNOT00000008008; ENSRNOP00000008008; ENSRNOG00000021403
GeneIDi64373
KEGGirno:64373

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
388
RGDi621309 Rhob

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0393 Eukaryota
COG1100 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00950000182945
HOGENOMiHOG000233974
InParanoidiP62747
KOiK07856
OMAiWEVFETA
OrthoDBi1166960at2759
PhylomeDBiP62747
TreeFamiTF300837

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-RNO-114604 GPVI-mediated activation cascade
R-RNO-194840 Rho GTPase cycle
R-RNO-416482 G alpha (12/13) signalling events
R-RNO-416572 Sema4D induced cell migration and growth-cone collapse
R-RNO-5625740 RHO GTPases activate PKNs
R-RNO-5625900 RHO GTPases activate CIT
R-RNO-5627117 RHO GTPases Activate ROCKs
R-RNO-5663220 RHO GTPases Activate Formins

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P62747

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSRNOG00000021403 Expressed in 9 organ(s), highest expression level in Ammon's horn
GenevisibleiP62747 RN

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR027417 P-loop_NTPase
IPR005225 Small_GTP-bd_dom
IPR001806 Small_GTPase
IPR003578 Small_GTPase_Rho
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00071 Ras, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52540 SSF52540, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00231 small_GTP, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51420 RHO, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiRHOB_RAT
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P62747
Secondary accession number(s): P01121, Q9CUV7
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: July 21, 1986
Last sequence update: August 1, 1988
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 136 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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