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Entry version 85 (10 Feb 2021)
Sequence version 1 (10 May 2004)
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Protein

CMP-N-acetylneuraminate-beta-galactosamide-alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase 4

Gene

ST3GAL4

Organism
Pan troglodytes (Chimpanzee)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

A beta-galactoside alpha2-3 sialyltransferase involved in terminal sialylation of glycoproteins and glycolipids. Catalyzes the transfer of sialic acid (N-acetyl-neuraminic acid; Neu5Ac) from the nucleotide sugar donor CMP-Neu5Ac onto acceptor Galbeta-(1->3)-GalNAc- and Galbeta-(1->4)-GlcNAc-terminated glycoconjugates through an alpha2-3 linkage (By similarity).

Plays a major role in hemostasis. Responsible for sialylation of plasma VWF/von Willebrand factor, preventing its recognition by asialoglycoprotein receptors (ASGPR) and subsequent clearance. Regulates ASGPR-mediated clearance of platelets (By similarity).

Participates in the biosynthesis of the sialyl Lewis X epitopes, both on O- and N-glycans, which are recognized by SELE/E-selectin, SELP/P-selectin and SELL/L-selectin. Essential for selectin-mediated rolling and adhesion of leukocytes during extravasation (By similarity).

Contributes to adhesion and transendothelial migration of neutrophils likely through terminal sialylation of CXCR2 (By similarity).

In glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, sialylates GM1 and GA1 gangliosides to form GD1a and GM1b, respectively (By similarity).

Metabolizes brain c-series ganglioside GT1c forming GQ1c (By similarity).

Synthesizes ganglioside LM1 (IV3Neu5Ac-nLc4Cer), a major structural component of peripheral nerve myelin (By similarity).

By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: protein glycosylation

This protein is involved in the pathway protein glycosylation, which is part of Protein modification.By similarity
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway protein glycosylation and in Protein modification.

Pathwayi: Glycolipid biosynthesis

This protein is involved in Glycolipid biosynthesis.By similarity
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in Glycolipid biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionGlycosyltransferase, Transferase
Biological processLipid metabolism

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00378

Protein family/group databases

Carbohydrate-Active enZymes

More...
CAZyi
GT29, Glycosyltransferase Family 29

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
CMP-N-acetylneuraminate-beta-galactosamide-alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase 4 (EC:2.4.99.2By similarity, EC:2.4.99.4By similarity)
Short name:
Alpha 2,3-ST 4
Short name:
Beta-galactoside alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase 4
Alternative name(s):
Alpha 2,3-sialyltransferase IV
Gal-beta-1,3-GalNAc-alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase
Gal-beta-1,4-GlcNAc-alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase
N-acetyllactosaminide alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase (EC:2.4.99.6By similarity)
ST3Gal IV
Short name:
ST3GalIV
Sialyltransferase 4C
Short name:
SIAT4-C
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ST3GAL4
Synonyms:SIAT4C
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPan troglodytes (Chimpanzee)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9598 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaePan
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002277 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 7CytoplasmicSequence analysis7
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular_location_section">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei8 – 25Helical; Signal-anchor for type II membrane proteinSequence analysisAdd BLAST18
Topological domaini26 – 328LumenalSequence analysisAdd BLAST303

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Golgi apparatus, Membrane, Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001492641 – 328CMP-N-acetylneuraminate-beta-galactosamide-alpha-2,3-sialyltransferase 4Add BLAST328

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi56N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi115 ↔ 268By similarity
Glycosylationi126N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi305N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi324N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

The soluble form derives from the membrane form by proteolytic processing.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P61130

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9598.ENSPTRP00000007620

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the glycosyltransferase 29 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Signal-anchor, Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2692, Eukaryota

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P61130

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
891104at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.1480.20, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001675, Glyco_trans_29
IPR038578, GT29-like_sf
IPR012163, Sialyl_trans

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00777, Glyco_transf_29, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF005557, Sialyl_trans, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P61130-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MCPAGWKLLA MLALVLVVMV WYSISREDSF YFPIPEKKEP CLQGEAESKA
60 70 80 90 100
SKLFGNYSRD QPIFLRLEDY FWVKTPSAYE LPYGTKGSED LLLRVLAITS
110 120 130 140 150
SSIRKNIQSL RCRRCVVVGN GHRLRNSSLG DAINKYDVVI RLNNAPVAGY
160 170 180 190 200
EGDVGSKTTM RLFYPESAHF DPKVENNPDT LLVLVAFKAM DFHWIETILS
210 220 230 240 250
DKKRVRKGFW KQPPLIWDVN PKQIRILNPF FMEIAADKLL SLPMQQPRKI
260 270 280 290 300
KQKPTTGLLA ITLALHLCDL VHIAGFGYPD AYNKKQTIHY YEQITLKSMA
310 320
GSGHNVSQEA LAIKRMLEMG AVKNLTSF
Length:328
Mass (Da):37,274
Last modified:May 10, 2004 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i38B319C82223CD31
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ626824 mRNA Translation: CAF25182.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001032390.1, NM_001037313.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
466845

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ptr:466845

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AJ626824 mRNA Translation: CAF25182.1
RefSeqiNP_001032390.1, NM_001037313.1

3D structure databases

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

SWISS-MODEL Interactive Workspace

More...
SWISS-MODEL-Workspacei
Submit a new modelling project...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9598.ENSPTRP00000007620

Protein family/group databases

CAZyiGT29, Glycosyltransferase Family 29

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP61130

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi466845
KEGGiptr:466845

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
6484

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2692, Eukaryota
InParanoidiP61130
OrthoDBi891104at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00378

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.90.1480.20, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001675, Glyco_trans_29
IPR038578, GT29-like_sf
IPR012163, Sialyl_trans
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00777, Glyco_transf_29, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF005557, Sialyl_trans, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiSIA4C_PANTR
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P61130
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: May 10, 2004
Last sequence update: May 10, 2004
Last modified: February 10, 2021
This is version 85 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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