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Entry version 79 (10 Apr 2019)
Sequence version 2 (06 Jul 2016)
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Protein

Major fimbrium subunit FimA type-4

Gene

fimA

Organism
Porphyromonas gingivalis (strain ATCC BAA-308 / W83)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Structural subunit of the major fimbriae (PubMed:27062925). These long, filamentous pili are attached to the cell surface; they mediate biofilm formation, adhesion onto host cells and onto other bacteria that are part of the oral microbiome. They play an important role in the invasion of periodontal tissues. Fimbriae and their constituents are major virulence factors. FimA proteins from different strains have highly divergent sequences, and this has been used for classification. The sequence-based classification correlates with pathogenicity.By similarity1 Publication

Miscellaneous

Strain ATCC BAA-308 / W83 seems to lack fimbriae, probably due to very low expression of the fimA gene.1 Publication
The name (major fimbrium subunit) does not indicate the abundance of the protein, but is derived from the greater length of the major fimbriae. In strain ATCC 33277 and strain 381, major fimbriae are 300 - 1600 nM in length and about 5 nm in diameter. In contrast, minor fimbriae are only about 80 - 120 nm long. This length difference is observed only in a small number of strains, including strain ATCC 33277 and strain 381, and is due to a loss of function mutation in FimB, a protein that restricts fimbrial length in other strains.Curated

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processVirulence

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Major fimbrium subunit FimA type-4Curated
Alternative name(s):
Fimbrillin
Short name:
Fimbrilin
Major fimbrial subunit protein type-4
Short name:
FimA41 Publication
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:fimA
Ordered Locus Names:PG_2132
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPorphyromonas gingivalis (strain ATCC BAA-308 / W83)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri242619 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaBacteroidetesBacteroidiaBacteroidalesPorphyromonadaceaePorphyromonas
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000588 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell outer membrane, Fimbrium, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi379W → A: Impairs oligomerization and fimbrium assembly. 1 Publication1
Mutagenesisi380 – 388Missing : Abolishes fimbrium assembly. 1 Publication9
Mutagenesisi386 – 388Missing : Abolishes fimbrium assembly. 1 Publication3

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 18PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST18
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes a propeptide, which is a part of a protein that is cleaved during maturation or activation. Once cleaved, a propeptide generally has no independent biological function.<p><a href='/help/propep' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PropeptideiPRO_000000915419 – 45By similarityAdd BLAST27
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000000915546 – 388Major fimbrium subunit FimA type-4Add BLAST343

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position(s) and the type of covalently attached lipid group(s).<p><a href='/help/lipid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Lipidationi19N-palmitoyl cysteinePROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Lipidationi19S-diacylglycerol cysteinePROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Synthesized as palmitoylated precursor. Efficient export to the outer membrane and integration into fimbriae requires lipidation and subsequent proteolytic removal of the lipidated propeptide.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei45 – 46Cleavage; by gingipainBy similarity2

Keywords - PTMi

Lipoprotein, Palmitate

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Fimbriae are composed of a major, structural subunit (FimA) and the minor components FimC, FimD and FimE (By similarity). Head-to-tail oligomerization of FimA molecules mediates assembly of the fimbrium stalk, while the minor components probably form the fimbrium tip (Probable). Linear, head-to-tail oligomerization of FimA is mediated by a conformation change, facilitating the insertion of a C-terminal beta-strand into a groove in the N-terminal domain of the following subunit (PubMed:27062925). The anchoring subunit FimB limits fimbrium length and is important for solid fimbrium attachment to the outer membrane. In its absence, the major fimbriae become very long and are easily detached from the membrane (PubMed:27062925).

By similarityCurated1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
242619.PG_2132

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1388
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P59914

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni379 – 388Important for oligomerization and fimbrium assembly1 Publication10

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG41077SQ Bacteria
ENOG410Z8K8 LUCA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1677676at2

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR029140 FimA_C
IPR029141 FimA_N
IPR008110 Fimbrillin

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF15495 Fimbrillin_C, 1 hit
PF06321 P_gingi_FimA, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01737 FIMBRILLIN

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS51257 PROKAR_LIPOPROTEIN, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P59914-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKKTKFFLLG LAALAMTACN KDNEAEPVVE TNATVSFIIK SGESRAVGDD
60 70 80 90 100
LTDAKITKLT AMVYAGQVQE GIKTVEEDGG VLKVEGIPCK SGANRVLVVV
110 120 130 140 150
ANHNYELTGK SLNEVEALTT SLTAENQNAK NLIMTGKSAA FTIKPGSNHY
160 170 180 190 200
GYPGGTASDN LVSAGTPLAV TRVHAGISFA GVEVNMATQY QNYYSFKPAD
210 220 230 240 250
AKIAALVAKK DSKIFGNSLV SNTNAYLYGV QTPAGLYTPD AAGETYELEA
260 270 280 290 300
SLNTNYAVGA GFYVLESKYD ASNELRPTIL CIYGKLLDKD GNPLTEPALT
310 320 330 340 350
DAINAGFCDG DGTTYYPVLV NYDGNGYIYS GAITQGQNKI VRNNHYKISL
360 370 380
NITGPGTNTP ENPQPVQANL NVTCQVTPWV VVNQAATW
Length:388
Mass (Da):41,246
Last modified:July 6, 2016 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA9B45CA7D2142960
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE015924 Genomic DNA Translation: AAQ67087.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
WP_005873481.1, NC_002950.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAQ67087; AAQ67087; PG_2132

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
pgi:PG_2132

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
AE015924 Genomic DNA Translation: AAQ67087.1
RefSeqiWP_005873481.1, NC_002950.2

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
4Q98X-ray1.30A21-388[»]
SMRiP59914
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi242619.PG_2132

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAQ67087; AAQ67087; PG_2132
KEGGipgi:PG_2132

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG41077SQ Bacteria
ENOG410Z8K8 LUCA
OrthoDBi1677676at2

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR029140 FimA_C
IPR029141 FimA_N
IPR008110 Fimbrillin
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF15495 Fimbrillin_C, 1 hit
PF06321 P_gingi_FimA, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01737 FIMBRILLIN
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS51257 PROKAR_LIPOPROTEIN, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiFIMA_PORGI
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P59914
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 10, 2003
Last sequence update: July 6, 2016
Last modified: April 10, 2019
This is version 79 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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