Skip Header

You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Please consider upgrading your browser.
Entry version 119 (31 Jul 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 1996)
Previous versions | rss
Help videoAdd a publicationFeedback
Protein

Glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase large subunit 1, chloroplastic/amyloplastic

Gene

SH2

Organism
Zea mays (Maize)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

This protein plays a role in synthesis of starch. It catalyzes the synthesis of the activated glycosyl donor, ADP-glucose from Glc-1-P and ATP.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Activated by 3'phosphoglycerate, inhibited by orthophosphate. Allosteric regulation.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: starch biosynthesis

This protein is involved in the pathway starch biosynthesis, which is part of Glycan biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway starch biosynthesis and in Glycan biosynthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAllosteric enzyme, Nucleotidyltransferase, Transferase
Biological processStarch biosynthesis
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
2.7.7.27 6752

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P55241

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00152

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase large subunit 1, chloroplastic/amyloplastic (EC:2.7.7.27)
Alternative name(s):
ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase
ADP-glucose synthase
AGPase S
Alpha-D-glucose-1-phosphate adenyl transferase
Shrunken-2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:SH2
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiZea mays (Maize)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4577 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaLiliopsidaPoalesPoaceaePACMAD cladePanicoideaeAndropogonodaeAndropogoneaeTripsacinaeZea
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000007305 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Maize Genetics and Genomics Database

More...
MaizeGDBi
85022

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Amyloplast, Chloroplast, Plastid

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a transit peptide.<p><a href='/help/transit' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transit peptidei1 – 45ChloroplastSequence analysisAdd BLAST45
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001116546 – 516Glucose-1-phosphate adenylyltransferase large subunit 1, chloroplastic/amyloplasticAdd BLAST471

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P55241

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P55241

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Endosperm.

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P55241 baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterotetramer.

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4577.GRMZM2G429899_P01

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P55241

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transit peptide

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG410IMYM Eukaryota
COG0448 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000278604

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00975

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
806744at2759

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.550.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011831 ADP-Glc_PPase
IPR005836 ADP_Glu_pyroP_CS
IPR005835 NTP_transferase_dom
IPR029044 Nucleotide-diphossugar_trans
IPR011004 Trimer_LpxA-like_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00483 NTP_transferase, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51161 SSF51161, 1 hit
SSF53448 SSF53448, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR02091 glgC, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00808 ADP_GLC_PYROPHOSPH_1, 1 hit
PS00809 ADP_GLC_PYROPHOSPH_2, 1 hit
PS00810 ADP_GLC_PYROPHOSPH_3, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P55241-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQFALALDTN SGPHQIRSCE GDGIDRLEKL SIGGRKQEKA LRNRCFGGRV
60 70 80 90 100
AATTQCILTS DACPETLHSQ TQSSRKNYAD ANRVSAIILG GGTGSQLFPL
110 120 130 140 150
TSTRATPAVP VGGCYRLIDI PMSNCFNSGI NKIFVMSQFN STSLNRHIHR
160 170 180 190 200
TYLEGGINFA DGSVQVLAAT QMPEEPAGWF QGTADSIRKF IWVLEDYYSH
210 220 230 240 250
KSIDNIVILS GDQLYRMNYM ELVQKHVEDD ADITISCAPV DESRASKNGL
260 270 280 290 300
VKIDHTGRVL QFFEKPKGAD LNSMRVETNF LSYAIDDAQK YPYLASMGIY
310 320 330 340 350
VFKKDALLDL LKSKYTQLHD FGSEILPRAV LDHSVQACIF TGYWEDVGTI
360 370 380 390 400
KSFFDANLAL TEQPSKFDFY DPKTPFFTAP RCLPPTQLDK CKMKYAFISD
410 420 430 440 450
GCLLRECNIE HSVIGVCSRV SSGCELKDSV MMGADTYETE EEASKLLLAG
460 470 480 490 500
KVPVGIGRNT KIRNCIIDMN ARIGKNVVIT NSKGIQEADH PEEGYYIRSG
510
IVVILKNATI NDGSVI
Length:516
Mass (Da):57,071
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iB9B517905C4B0705
GO

<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAB24191 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation.Curated

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti436T → I in AAB24191 (PubMed:1967077).Curated1
Sequence conflicti454V → I in AAB24191 (PubMed:1967077).Curated1
Sequence conflicti495 – 514Missing in AAB24191 (PubMed:1967077).CuratedAdd BLAST20

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
S48563 mRNA Translation: AAB24191.2 Different initiation.
M81603 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB52952.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
JQ1005

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001121104.1, NM_001127632.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
542761

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
zma:542761

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
S48563 mRNA Translation: AAB24191.2 Different initiation.
M81603 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB52952.1
PIRiJQ1005
RefSeqiNP_001121104.1, NM_001127632.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP55241
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi4577.GRMZM2G429899_P01

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP55241
PRIDEiP55241

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi542761
KEGGizma:542761

Organism-specific databases

MaizeGDBi85022

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG410IMYM Eukaryota
COG0448 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000278604
KOiK00975
OrthoDBi806744at2759

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00152
BRENDAi2.7.7.27 6752
SABIO-RKiP55241

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP55241 baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.90.550.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011831 ADP-Glc_PPase
IPR005836 ADP_Glu_pyroP_CS
IPR005835 NTP_transferase_dom
IPR029044 Nucleotide-diphossugar_trans
IPR011004 Trimer_LpxA-like_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00483 NTP_transferase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51161 SSF51161, 1 hit
SSF53448 SSF53448, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR02091 glgC, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00808 ADP_GLC_PYROPHOSPH_1, 1 hit
PS00809 ADP_GLC_PYROPHOSPH_2, 1 hit
PS00810 ADP_GLC_PYROPHOSPH_3, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGLGL1_MAIZE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P55241
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: July 31, 2019
This is version 119 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
UniProt is an ELIXIR core data resource
Main funding by: National Institutes of Health

We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018.

Do not show this banner again