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Protein

Pyruvate kinase PKLR

Gene

Pklr

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein leveli

Functioni

Plays a key role in glycolysis.By similarity

Miscellaneous

There are 4 isozymes of pyruvate kinase in mammals: L, R, M1 and M2. L type is major isozyme in the liver, R is found in red cells, M1 is the main form in muscle, heart and brain, and M2 is found in early fetal tissues.

Catalytic activityi

ATP + pyruvate = ADP + phosphoenolpyruvate.

Cofactori

Protein has several cofactor binding sites:

Enzyme regulationi

Allosterically activated by fructose 1,6-bisphosphate.By similarity

Pathwayi: glycolysis

This protein is involved in step 5 of the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.
Proteins known to be involved in the 5 steps of the subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gapdh), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gapdh), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gapdh), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gapdhs), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gm10358), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, testis-specific (Gapdhs), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gapdhs), Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Gm3839)
  2. Phosphoglycerate kinase (Pgk1), Phosphoglycerate kinase 2 (Pgk2), Phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (Pgk1), Phosphoglycerate kinase (Pgk1)
  3. no protein annotated in this organism
  4. Gamma-enolase (Eno2), Beta-enolase (Eno3), Alpha-enolase (Eno1), Enolase 4 (Eno4)
  5. Pyruvate kinase (Pklr), Pyruvate kinase (Pklr), Pyruvate kinase PKLR (Pklr), Pyruvate kinase (Pklr), Pyruvate kinase (Pklr), Pyruvate kinase (Pklr), Pyruvate kinase PKM (Pkm)
This subpathway is part of the pathway glycolysis, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, the pathway glycolysis and in Carbohydrate degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Binding sitei116SubstrateBy similarity1
Metal bindingi118PotassiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi120PotassiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi156PotassiumBy similarity1
Metal bindingi157Potassium; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Sitei313Transition state stabilizerBy similarity1
Metal bindingi315MagnesiumBy similarity1
Binding sitei338Substrate; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi339MagnesiumBy similarity1
Binding sitei339Substrate; via amide nitrogenBy similarity1
Binding sitei371SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei525Allosteric activatorBy similarity1
Binding sitei532Allosteric activatorBy similarity1

GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Keywordsi

Molecular functionAllosteric enzyme, Kinase, Transferase
Biological processGlycolysis
LigandATP-binding, Magnesium, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding, Potassium, Pyruvate

Enzyme and pathway databases

SABIO-RKiP53657
UniPathwayiUPA00109; UER00188

Names & Taxonomyi

Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Pyruvate kinase PKLR (EC:2.7.1.40)
Alternative name(s):
L-PK
Pyruvate kinase isozymes L/R
Gene namesi
Name:Pklr
OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

MGIiMGI:97604 Pklr

Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
ChainiPRO_00001120951 – 574Pyruvate kinase PKLRAdd BLAST574

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Modified residuei2PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei19PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei26PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei43Phosphoserine; by PKABy similarity1
Modified residuei292PhosphoserineBy similarity1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP53657
PeptideAtlasiP53657
PRIDEiP53657

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP53657
PhosphoSitePlusiP53657

Expressioni

Gene expression databases

CleanExiMM_PKLR

Interactioni

Subunit structurei

Homotetramer.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

ComplexPortaliCPX-3097 PKL pyruvate kinase complex [P53657-2]
CPX-3098 PKR pyruvate kinase complex [P53657-1]
IntActiP53657, 5 interactors
MINTiP53657
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000035417

Structurei

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP53657
SMRiP53657
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
Regioni475 – 480Allosteric activator bindingBy similarity6
Regioni559 – 564Allosteric activator bindingBy similarity6

Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the pyruvate kinase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2323 Eukaryota
COG0469 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000021559
HOVERGENiHBG000941
InParanoidiP53657
PhylomeDBiP53657

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00288 Pyruvate_Kinase, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.40.33.10, 1 hit
3.40.1380.20, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001697 Pyr_Knase
IPR015813 Pyrv/PenolPyrv_Kinase-like_dom
IPR011037 Pyrv_Knase-like_insert_dom_sf
IPR018209 Pyrv_Knase_AS
IPR015793 Pyrv_Knase_brl
IPR015795 Pyrv_Knase_C
IPR036918 Pyrv_Knase_C_sf
IPR015806 Pyrv_Knase_insert_dom_sf
PANTHERiPTHR11817 PTHR11817, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00224 PK, 1 hit
PF02887 PK_C, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01050 PYRUVTKNASE
SUPFAMiSSF50800 SSF50800, 1 hit
SSF51621 SSF51621, 2 hits
SSF52935 SSF52935, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01064 pyruv_kin, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00110 PYRUVATE_KINASE, 1 hit

Sequences (2)i

Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 2 isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

Isoform R-type (identifier: P53657-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
Also known as: PKR

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide

        10         20         30         40         50
MSVQENELPQ QLWPWIFKSQ KDLAKSALSG APGGPAGYLR RASVAQLTQE
60 70 80 90 100
LGTAFFQQQQ LPAAMADTFL EHLCLLDIDS EPVAARSTSI IATIGPASRS
110 120 130 140 150
VDRLKEMIKA GMNIARLNFS HGSHEYHAES IANIREAAES FATSPLSYRP
160 170 180 190 200
VAIALDTKGP EIRTGVLQGG PESEVEIVKG SQVLVTVDPK FRTRGDAKTV
210 220 230 240 250
WVDYHNITQV VAVGGRIYID DGLISLVVRK IGPEGLVTEV EHGGFLGNRK
260 270 280 290 300
GVNLPNAEVD LPGLSEQDLL DLRFGVEHYV DIIFASFVRK ASDVVAVRDA
310 320 330 340 350
LGPEGRGIKI ISKIENHEGV KKFDEILEVS DGIMMARGDL GIEIPAEKVF
360 370 380 390 400
LAQKMMIGRC NLAGKPVVCA TQMLESMITK ARPTRAETSD VANAVLDGAD
410 420 430 440 450
CIMLSGETAK GSFPVEAVKM QHAIAREAEA AVYHRQLFEE LRRAAPLSRD
460 470 480 490 500
PTEVTAIGAV EASFKCCAAA IIVLTKTGRS AQLLSRYRPR AAVIAVTRSA
510 520 530 540 550
QAARQVHLSR GVFPLLYREP PEAVWADDVD RRVQFGIESG KLRGFLRVGD
560 570
LVIVVTGWRP GSGYTNIMRV LTIS
Length:574
Mass (Da):62,309
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v1
Checksum:i6C4689DE954E6166
GO
Isoform L-type (identifier: P53657-2)
Also known as: PKL
Sequence is not available
Length:
Mass (Da):

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
S79731 mRNA Translation: AAB35435.1
D63764 mRNA Translation: BAA23642.1
CCDSiCCDS17489.1 [P53657-1]
UniGeneiMm.383180

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

Similar proteinsi

Entry informationi

Entry nameiKPYR_MOUSE
AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P53657
Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: June 20, 2018
This is version 146 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families

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