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Entry version 150 (29 Sep 2021)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 1996)
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Protein

LIM/homeobox protein Lhx3

Gene

LHX3

Organism
Gallus gallus (Chicken)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Transcriptional factor that defines subclasses of motoneurons that segregate into columns in the spinal cord and select distinct axon pathways. Acts in conjunction with LIM-1, ISL-1 and ISL-2.

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section specifies the position and type of each DNA-binding domain present within the protein.<p><a href='/help/dna_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>DNA bindingi154 – 213HomeoboxPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST60

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionActivator, DNA-binding
Biological processTranscription, Transcription regulation
LigandMetal-binding, Zinc

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
LIM/homeobox protein Lhx3
Short name:
LIM homeobox protein 3
Alternative name(s):
Homeobox protein LIM-3
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:LHX3
Synonyms:LIM-3, LIM3
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiGallus gallus (Chicken)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9031 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiArchelosauriaArchosauriaDinosauriaSaurischiaTheropodaCoelurosauriaAvesNeognathaeGalloanseraeGalliformesPhasianidaePhasianinaeGallus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000539 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 17

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000757841 – 395LIM/homeobox protein Lhx3Add BLAST395

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P53412

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P53412

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at the protein level'.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed prior to the formation of distinct motor axon pathways and before the segregation of motor neurons into columns. Expression restricted to the medial subdivision of the median motor column (MMCm).1 Publication

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P53412, baseline and differential

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9031.ENSGALP00000002660

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P53412

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini28 – 78LIM zinc-binding 1PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST51
Domaini87 – 141LIM zinc-binding 2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST55

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni209 – 325DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST117
Regioni348 – 395DisorderedSequence analysisAdd BLAST48

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Family and Domains' section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular type of amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi231 – 246Basic and acidic residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST16
Compositional biasi255 – 282Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST28
Compositional biasi303 – 325Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST23
Compositional biasi359 – 376Polar residuesSequence analysisAdd BLAST18

Keywords - Domaini

Homeobox, LIM domain, Repeat

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG4577, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000160316

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_027802_5_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P53412

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
HNSFPLE

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1174754at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P53412

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF315442

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00086, homeodomain, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR009057, Homeobox-like_sf
IPR017970, Homeobox_CS
IPR001356, Homeobox_dom
IPR001781, Znf_LIM

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00046, Homeodomain, 1 hit
PF00412, LIM, 2 hits

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00389, HOX, 1 hit
SM00132, LIM, 2 hits

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46689, SSF46689, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00027, HOMEOBOX_1, 1 hit
PS50071, HOMEOBOX_2, 1 hit
PS00478, LIM_DOMAIN_1, 2 hits
PS50023, LIM_DOMAIN_2, 2 hits

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P53412-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MLLERVRAGS EKAAELCPFP RSPEIPLCAG CNQHIVDRFI LKVLDRHWHS
60 70 80 90 100
KCLKCSDCQT QLAEKCFSRG DGVYCKEDFF KRFGTKCAAC QQGIPPTQVV
110 120 130 140 150
RRAQDFVYHL HCFACIVCKR QLATGDEFYL MEDSRLVCKA DYETAKQREA
160 170 180 190 200
ESTAKRPRTT ITAKQLETLK NAYNNSPKPA RHVREQLSSE TGLDMRVVQV
210 220 230 240 250
WFQNRRAKEK RLKKDAGRQR WGQYFRNMKR SRGTSKSDKD SIQEEGPDSD
260 270 280 290 300
AEVSFTDEPS MSEMSHSNGI YSNLSEASPA LGRQAGTNGG FSLDHSGIPA
310 320 330 340 350
QDQYHDLRSN SPYGIPQSPA SLQALPGHQP LISSLVYPDS GLGIMGQGGQ
360 370 380 390
GVPQSMRVLA GNGPSSDLST GSSGGYPDFP ASPASWLDEV DHAQF
Length:395
Mass (Da):43,805
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iAC196D78C01CFDBE
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
L35570 mRNA Translation: AAA62174.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
I50376

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001025506.1, NM_001030335.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSGALT00000002663; ENSGALP00000002660; ENSGALG00000003928

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
373940

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
gga:373940

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L35570 mRNA Translation: AAA62174.1
PIRiI50376
RefSeqiNP_001025506.1, NM_001030335.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP53412
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9031.ENSGALP00000002660

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP53412
PRIDEiP53412

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSGALT00000002663; ENSGALP00000002660; ENSGALG00000003928
GeneIDi373940
KEGGigga:373940

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
8022

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG4577, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000160316
HOGENOMiCLU_027802_5_0_1
InParanoidiP53412
OMAiHNSFPLE
OrthoDBi1174754at2759
PhylomeDBiP53412
TreeFamiTF315442

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P53412

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP53412, baseline and differential

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00086, homeodomain, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR009057, Homeobox-like_sf
IPR017970, Homeobox_CS
IPR001356, Homeobox_dom
IPR001781, Znf_LIM
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00046, Homeodomain, 1 hit
PF00412, LIM, 2 hits
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00389, HOX, 1 hit
SM00132, LIM, 2 hits
SUPFAMiSSF46689, SSF46689, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00027, HOMEOBOX_1, 1 hit
PS50071, HOMEOBOX_2, 1 hit
PS00478, LIM_DOMAIN_1, 2 hits
PS50023, LIM_DOMAIN_2, 2 hits

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiLHX3_CHICK
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P53412
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: September 29, 2021
This is version 150 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome
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