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Entry version 151 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 1996)
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Protein

Probable alanine aminotransferase

Gene

ALT2

Organism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

Present with 3480 molecules/cell in log phase SD medium.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

pyridoxal 5'-phosphate

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: L-alanine degradation via transaminase pathway

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from L-alanine.
Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
  1. Probable alanine aminotransferase (ALT2), Probable alanine aminotransferase, mitochondrial (ALT1)
This subpathway is part of the pathway L-alanine degradation via transaminase pathway, which is itself part of Amino-acid degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes pyruvate from L-alanine, the pathway L-alanine degradation via transaminase pathway and in Amino-acid degradation.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • pyridoxal phosphate binding Source: InterPro
  • transaminase activity Source: SGD

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionAminotransferase, Transferase
LigandPyridoxal phosphate

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
YEAST:YDR111C-MONOMER

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-SCE-70614 Amino acid synthesis and interconversion (transamination)

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00528;UER00586

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Probable alanine aminotransferase (EC:2.6.1.2)
Alternative name(s):
Glutamate pyruvate transaminase
Short name:
GPT
Glutamic--alanine transaminase
Glutamic--pyruvic transaminase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:ALT2
Ordered Locus Names:YDR111C
ORF Names:YD9727.07C
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSaccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri559292 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesSaccharomycetaceaeSaccharomyces
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002311 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome IV

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
FungiDB:YDR111C

Saccharomyces Genome Database

More...
SGDi
S000002518 ALT2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001239371 – 507Probable alanine aminotransferaseAdd BLAST507

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei327N6-(pyridoxal phosphate)lysineBy similarity1

Proteomic databases

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

More...
MaxQBi
P52892

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P52892

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P52892

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
32169, 66 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-4931N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P52892, 2 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P52892

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4932.YDR111C

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P52892

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000172095

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000215020

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P52892

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00814

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
RFHAKFT

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.40.640.10, 1 hit
3.90.1150.10, 2 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR004839 Aminotransferase_I/II
IPR015424 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase
IPR015422 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_dom1
IPR015421 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00155 Aminotran_1_2, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF53383 SSF53383, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P52892-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTMTHQQDLK GVFTAKDLDF KPAGKITKKD LNTGVTKAEY AVRGAIPTRA
60 70 80 90 100
DELKEELKKN PEVLPFDDII NANIGNPQQL DQKPLTFTRQ VLAILEYPEI
110 120 130 140 150
LRVGHNELAS LNLFSRDALE RAERLLNDIG GSIGAYSHSQ GVPGIRQTVA
160 170 180 190 200
DFITRRDGGE PATPEDIYLT TGASSAATSL LSLLCKDSQT GLLIPIPQYP
210 220 230 240 250
LYTASASLFN AQVLPYYLDE ESNWSTNSDE IEKVVQDALK KQIRPSVLIV
260 270 280 290 300
INPGNPTGAV LSEETIARIC LIAAKYGITI ISDEVYQENI FNDVKFHSMK
310 320 330 340 350
KVLRKLQHLY PGKFDNVQLA SLHSISKGFM DECGQRGGYM EIIGFSQEIR
360 370 380 390 400
DALFKLMSIS ICSVVTGQAV VDLMVKPPQP GDESYEQDHD ERLKIFHEMR
410 420 430 440 450
TRANLLYETF KELEGIECQK PQGAMYLFPR LVLPKKALCE SERLGIEPDE
460 470 480 490 500
FYCTSLLEST GICTVPGSGF GQRPGTYHVR TTFLAPGTKW IQDWKEFHQD

FFSKYRN
Length:507
Mass (Da):56,770
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iCB4DCD137CF26085
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti420K → E in AAU09694 (PubMed:17322287).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
Z48758 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA88665.1
AY723777 Genomic DNA Translation: AAU09694.1
BK006938 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA11957.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S52677

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_010396.1, NM_001180419.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
YDR111C_mRNA; YDR111C_mRNA; YDR111C

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
851690

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sce:YDR111C

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
Z48758 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA88665.1
AY723777 Genomic DNA Translation: AAU09694.1
BK006938 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA11957.1
PIRiS52677
RefSeqiNP_010396.1, NM_001180419.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP52892
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi32169, 66 interactors
DIPiDIP-4931N
IntActiP52892, 2 interactors
MINTiP52892
STRINGi4932.YDR111C

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP52892
PaxDbiP52892
PRIDEiP52892

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiYDR111C_mRNA; YDR111C_mRNA; YDR111C
GeneIDi851690
KEGGisce:YDR111C

Organism-specific databases

EuPathDBiFungiDB:YDR111C
SGDiS000002518 ALT2

Phylogenomic databases

GeneTreeiENSGT00940000172095
HOGENOMiHOG000215020
InParanoidiP52892
KOiK00814
OMAiRFHAKFT

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayi
UPA00528;UER00586

BioCyciYEAST:YDR111C-MONOMER
ReactomeiR-SCE-70614 Amino acid synthesis and interconversion (transamination)

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P52892

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.40.640.10, 1 hit
3.90.1150.10, 2 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR004839 Aminotransferase_I/II
IPR015424 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase
IPR015422 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_dom1
IPR015421 PyrdxlP-dep_Trfase_major
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00155 Aminotran_1_2, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF53383 SSF53383, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiALAT_YEAST
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P52892
Secondary accession number(s): D6VS97, Q66RF8
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 151 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Yeast
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae): entries, gene names and cross-references to SGD
  2. Yeast chromosome IV
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) chromosome IV: entries and gene names
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  4. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
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