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Entry version 170 (07 Apr 2021)
Sequence version 3 (15 Jan 2008)
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Protein

Sensor histidine kinase GlrK

Gene

glrK

Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Member of the two-component regulatory system GlrR/GlrK that up-regulates transcription of the glmY sRNA when cells enter the stationary growth phase. Activates GlrR by phosphorylation.2 Publications

Miscellaneous

Not required for the regulation of the glmY-glmZ-glmS regulatory cascade by glucosamine-6-phosphate depletion.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

  • ATP + protein L-histidine = ADP + protein N-phospho-L-histidine. EC:2.7.13.3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionKinase, Transferase
Biological processTwo-component regulatory system
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
EcoCyc:G7345-MONOMER
MetaCyc:G7345-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Sensor histidine kinase GlrK (EC:2.7.13.3)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:glrK
Synonyms:yfhK
Ordered Locus Names:b2556, JW5407
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiEscherichia coli (strain K12)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri83333 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaEnterobacteralesEnterobacteriaceaeEscherichia
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000318 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome
  • UP000000625 Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini1 – 13CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST13
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei14 – 34HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini35 – 173PeriplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST139
Transmembranei174 – 194HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini195 – 475CytoplasmicSequence analysisAdd BLAST281

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell inner membrane, Cell membrane, Membrane

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

<p>This subsection of the 'Pathology and Biotech' section describes the in vivo effects caused by ablation of the gene (or one or more transcripts) coding for the protein described in the entry. This includes gene knockout and knockdown, provided experiments have been performed in the context of a whole organism or a specific tissue, and not at the single-cell level.<p><a href='/help/disruption_phenotype' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disruption phenotypei

Mutants show decreased amounts of glmY.1 Publication

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000749151 – 475Sensor histidine kinase GlrKAdd BLAST475

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei259Phosphohistidine; by autocatalysisPROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Autophosphorylated.

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

More...
jPOSTi
P52101

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P52101

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P52101

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
4259204, 3 interactors

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-12052N

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
511145.b2556

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P52101

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini256 – 472Histidine kinasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST217

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
COG2205, Bacteria

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_000445_89_23_6

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P52101

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P52101

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00082, HisKA, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.30.565.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR003594, HATPase_C
IPR036890, HATPase_C_sf
IPR005467, His_kinase_dom
IPR003661, HisK_dim/P
IPR036097, HisK_dim/P_sf
IPR004358, Sig_transdc_His_kin-like_C

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02518, HATPase_c, 1 hit
PF00512, HisKA, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00344, BCTRLSENSOR

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00387, HATPase_c, 1 hit
SM00388, HisKA, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47384, SSF47384, 1 hit
SSF55874, SSF55874, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50109, HIS_KIN, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P52101-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MKRWPVFPRS LRQLVMLAFL LILLPLLVLA WQAWQSLNAL SDQAALVNRT
60 70 80 90 100
TLIDARRSEA MTNAALEMER SYRQYCVLDD PTLAKVYQSQ RKRYSEMLDA
110 120 130 140 150
HAGVLPDDKL YQALRQDLHN LAQLQCNNSG PDAAAAARLE AFASANTEMV
160 170 180 190 200
QATRTVVFSR GQQLQREIAE RGQYFGWQSL VLFLVSLVMV LLFTRMIIGP
210 220 230 240 250
VKNIERMINR LGEGRSLGNS VSFSGPSELR SVGQRILWLS ERLSWLESQR
260 270 280 290 300
HQFLRHLSHE LKTPLASMRE GTELLADQVV GPLTPEQKEV VSILDSSSRN
310 320 330 340 350
LQKLIEQLLD YNRKQADSAV ELENVELAPL VETVVSAHSL PARAKMMHTD
360 370 380 390 400
VDLKATACLA EPMLLMSVLD NLYSNAVHYG AESGNICLRS SLHGARVYID
410 420 430 440 450
VINTGTPIPQ EERAMIFEPF FQGSHQRKGA VKGSGLGLSI ARDCIRRMQG
460 470
ELYLVDESGQ DVCFRIELPS SKNTK
Length:475
Mass (Da):53,330
Last modified:January 15, 2008 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iEBB3F4D821C24AEB
GO

<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the protein sequence shown in the UniProtKB entry and other available protein sequences derived from the same gene.<p><a href='/help/sequence_caution' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence cautioni

The sequence AAA79818 differs from that shown. Reason: Erroneous initiation. Truncated N-terminus.Curated

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U36841 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA79818.1 Different initiation.
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC75609.2
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE76732.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
C65033

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_417051.2, NC_000913.3
WP_001311037.1, NZ_LN832404.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
AAC75609; AAC75609; b2556
BAE76732; BAE76732; BAE76732

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
57732342
947013

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ecj:JW5407
eco:b2556

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|511145.12.peg.2658

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U36841 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA79818.1 Different initiation.
U00096 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC75609.2
AP009048 Genomic DNA Translation: BAE76732.1
PIRiC65033
RefSeqiNP_417051.2, NC_000913.3
WP_001311037.1, NZ_LN832404.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP52101
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi4259204, 3 interactors
DIPiDIP-12052N
STRINGi511145.b2556

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP52101
PaxDbiP52101
PRIDEiP52101

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiAAC75609; AAC75609; b2556
BAE76732; BAE76732; BAE76732
GeneIDi57732342
947013
KEGGiecj:JW5407
eco:b2556
PATRICifig|511145.12.peg.2658

Organism-specific databases

EchoBASE - an integrated post-genomic database for E. coli

More...
EchoBASEi
EB3234

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiCOG2205, Bacteria
HOGENOMiCLU_000445_89_23_6
InParanoidiP52101
PhylomeDBiP52101

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciEcoCyc:G7345-MONOMER
MetaCyc:G7345-MONOMER

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P52101

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00082, HisKA, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.30.565.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003594, HATPase_C
IPR036890, HATPase_C_sf
IPR005467, His_kinase_dom
IPR003661, HisK_dim/P
IPR036097, HisK_dim/P_sf
IPR004358, Sig_transdc_His_kin-like_C
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02518, HATPase_c, 1 hit
PF00512, HisKA, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00344, BCTRLSENSOR
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00387, HATPase_c, 1 hit
SM00388, HisKA, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47384, SSF47384, 1 hit
SSF55874, SSF55874, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50109, HIS_KIN, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGLRK_ECOLI
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P52101
Secondary accession number(s): P76587, Q2MAH4
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: January 15, 2008
Last modified: April 7, 2021
This is version 170 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome
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