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Entry version 138 (17 Jun 2020)
Sequence version 2 (06 Dec 2002)
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Protein

Serine/threonine-protein kinase AFC1

Gene

AFC1

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Activator of yeast transcription factor, STE12.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei144ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei240Proton acceptorPROSITE-ProRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi121 – 129ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation9

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionKinase, Serine/threonine-protein kinase, Transferase
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
2.7.12.1 399

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Serine/threonine-protein kinase AFC1 (EC:2.7.12.1)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:AFC1
Synonyms:AME2
Ordered Locus Names:At3g53570
ORF Names:F4P12_270
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT3G53570

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2084006 AT3G53570

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000856001 – 467Serine/threonine-protein kinase AFC1Add BLAST467

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P51566

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
244779 [P51566-1]

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P51566 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P51566 AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
9842, 1 interactor

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P51566, 1 interactor

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT3G53570.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P51566

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini115 – 443Protein kinasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST329

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0671 Eukaryota
ENOG410XQF2 LUCA

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P51566

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K08287

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P51566

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00069 Pkinase, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 1 <p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform. This section is only present in reviewed entries, i.e. in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoform i produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Note: A number of isoforms are produced. According to EST sequences.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform 1 (identifier: P51566-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MQSSVYRDKA SSIAMILETQ RNVEFPHRIV DKRPRKRPRL TWDAAPPLLP
60 70 80 90 100
PPPPPTVFQP PLYYGPEFAS GLVPNFVYPN MFYNGLPRQG SPPWRPDDKD
110 120 130 140 150
GHYVFVVGDT LTPRYQILSK MGEGTFGQVL ECFDNKNKEV VAIKVIRSIN
160 170 180 190 200
KYREAAMIEI DVLQRLTRHD VGGSRCVQIR NWFDYRNHIC IVFEKLGPSL
210 220 230 240 250
YDFLRKNSYR SFPIDLVREL GRQLLESVAY MHDLRLIHTD LKPENILLVS
260 270 280 290 300
SEYIKIPDYK FLSRPTKDGS YFKNLPKSSA IKLIDFGSTT FEHQDHNYIV
310 320 330 340 350
STRHYRAPEV ILGVGWNYPC DLWSIGCILV ELCSGEALFQ THENLEHLAM
360 370 380 390 400
MERVLGPLPP HMVLRADRRS EKYFRRGAKL DWPEGATSRD SLKAVWKLPR
410 420 430 440 450
LPNLIMQHVD HSAGDLIDLL QGLLRYDPTE RFKAREALNH PFFTRSREQS
460
IPPFNPNPHP FLYNQKN
Length:467
Mass (Da):54,198
Last modified:December 6, 2002 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA885FD32CE11B181
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
F4JAH3F4JAH3_ARATH
Serine/threonine-protein kinase AFC...
FC1 AFC1, AME2, CLK, FUS3-complementing gene 1, At3g53570
453Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti117I → M in AAA57117 (PubMed:7991592).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U16176 mRNA Translation: AAA57117.1
D45354 mRNA Translation: BAA08215.1
AL132966 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB67664.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE79110.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE79111.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE79112.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S71169

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001030853.1, NM_001035776.1 [P51566-1]
NP_190925.1, NM_115217.3 [P51566-1]
NP_850695.2, NM_180364.4 [P51566-1]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT3G53570.1; AT3G53570.1; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]
AT3G53570.2; AT3G53570.2; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]
AT3G53570.4; AT3G53570.4; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
824525

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT3G53570.1; AT3G53570.1; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]
AT3G53570.2; AT3G53570.2; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]
AT3G53570.4; AT3G53570.4; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT3G53570

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U16176 mRNA Translation: AAA57117.1
D45354 mRNA Translation: BAA08215.1
AL132966 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB67664.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE79110.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE79111.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE79112.1
PIRiS71169
RefSeqiNP_001030853.1, NM_001035776.1 [P51566-1]
NP_190925.1, NM_115217.3 [P51566-1]
NP_850695.2, NM_180364.4 [P51566-1]

3D structure databases

SMRiP51566
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi9842, 1 interactor
IntActiP51566, 1 interactor
STRINGi3702.AT3G53570.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP51566
ProteomicsDBi244779 [P51566-1]

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT3G53570.1; AT3G53570.1; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]
AT3G53570.2; AT3G53570.2; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]
AT3G53570.4; AT3G53570.4; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]
GeneIDi824525
GrameneiAT3G53570.1; AT3G53570.1; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]
AT3G53570.2; AT3G53570.2; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]
AT3G53570.4; AT3G53570.4; AT3G53570 [P51566-1]
KEGGiath:AT3G53570

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT3G53570
TAIRilocus:2084006 AT3G53570

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0671 Eukaryota
ENOG410XQF2 LUCA
InParanoidiP51566
KOiK08287
PhylomeDBiP51566

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDAi2.7.12.1 399

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P51566

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP51566 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP51566 AT

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00069 Pkinase, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiAFC1_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P51566
Secondary accession number(s): Q39184
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: December 6, 2002
Last modified: June 17, 2020
This is version 138 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
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