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Protein

Poly(A) polymerase alpha

Gene

PAPOLA

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Polymerase that creates the 3'-poly(A) tail of mRNA's. Also required for the endoribonucleolytic cleavage reaction at some polyadenylation sites. May acquire specificity through interaction with a cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor (CPSF) at its C-terminus.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

Mg2+By similarity, Mn2+By similarityNote: Binds 2 magnesium ions. Also active with manganese.By similarity

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei109ATPBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi113Magnesium 1; catalyticBy similarity1
Metal bindingi113Magnesium 2; catalyticBy similarity1
Metal bindingi115Magnesium 1; catalyticBy similarity1
Metal bindingi115Magnesium 2; catalyticBy similarity1
Metal bindingi167Magnesium 2; catalyticBy similarity1
Binding sitei167ATPBy similarity1
Binding sitei228ATPBy similarity1
Binding sitei237ATPBy similarity1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi100 – 102ATPBy similarity3
Nucleotide bindingi113 – 115ATPBy similarity3
Nucleotide bindingi246 – 247ATPBy similarity2

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionRNA-binding, Transferase
Biological processmRNA processing
LigandATP-binding, Magnesium, Manganese, Metal-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-109688 Cleavage of Growing Transcript in the Termination Region
R-HSA-72163 mRNA Splicing - Major Pathway
R-HSA-72187 mRNA 3'-end processing
R-HSA-77595 Processing of Intronless Pre-mRNAs

SIGNOR Signaling Network Open Resource

More...
SIGNORi
P51003

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Poly(A) polymerase alpha (EC:2.7.7.19)
Short name:
PAP-alpha
Alternative name(s):
Polynucleotide adenylyltransferase alpha
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:PAPOLA
Synonyms:PAP
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 14

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

More...
EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000090060.17

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:14981 PAPOLA

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

More...
MIMi
605553 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_P51003

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Nucleus

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
10914

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000090060

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA32932

Chemistry databases

Drug and drug target database

More...
DrugBanki
DB02153 3-Sulfinoalanine
DB01860 Cordycepin Triphosphate
DB03896 Triphospate

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
PAPOLA

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
59803092

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedCombined sources
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000516122 – 745Poly(A) polymerase alphaAdd BLAST744

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei10PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei24PhosphoserineCombined sources1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section describes <strong>covalent linkages</strong> of various types formed <strong>between two proteins (interchain cross-links)</strong> or <strong>between two parts of the same protein (intrachain cross-links)</strong>, except the disulfide bonds that are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/disulfid">'Disulfide bond'</a> subsection.<p><a href='/help/crosslnk' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-linki444Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO)Curated
Cross-linki445Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO)Curated
Cross-linki506Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO)Curated
Cross-linki507Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO)Curated
Modified residuei537PhosphoserineBy similarity1
Modified residuei558PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei641N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei650N6-acetyllysineBy similarity1
Modified residuei736N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Cross-linki736Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO); alternateBy similarity
Modified residuei738PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei740N6-acetyllysine; alternateBy similarity1
Cross-linki740Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO); alternateBy similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Polysumoylated. Varying sumolyation depending on tissue- and cell-type. Highly sumoylated in bladder and NIH 3T3 cells. Sumoylation is required for nuclear localization and enhances PAP stability. Desumoylated by SENP1. Inhibits polymerase activity (By similarity).By similarity
Hyperphosphorylation on multiple CDK2 consensus and non-consensus sites in the C-terminal Ser/Thr-rich region represses PAP activity in late M-phase. Phosphorylation/dephosphorylation may regulate the interaction between PAP and CPSF (By similarity).By similarity
Acetylated in the C-terminus. Acetylation decreases interaction with NUDT21 and KPNB1, and inhibits nuclear localization through inhibiting binding to the importin alpha/beta complex (By similarity).By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Isopeptide bond, Phosphoprotein, Ubl conjugation

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

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EPDi
P51003

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

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MaxQBi
P51003

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

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PaxDbi
P51003

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
P51003

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P51003

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

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ProteomicsDBi
56276
56277 [P51003-2]

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

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iPTMneti
P51003

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

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PhosphoSitePlusi
P51003

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000090060 Expressed in 232 organ(s), highest expression level in testis

CleanEx database of gene expression profiles

More...
CleanExi
HS_PAPOLA

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P51003 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

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Genevisiblei
P51003 HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

More...
HPAi
HPA001788

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer. Found in a complex with CPSF1, FIP1L1 and PAPOLA. Interacts with AHCYL1 and FIP1L1; the interaction with AHCYL1 seems to increase interaction with FIP1L1 (PubMed:19224921). Interacts with NUDT21; the interaction is diminished by acetylation. Interacts with KPNB1; the interaction promotes PAP nuclear import and is inhibited by acetylation of PAP (By similarity).By similarity1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection describes interesting single amino acid sites on the sequence that are not defined in any other subsection. This subsection can be displayed in different sections (‘Function’, ‘PTM / Processing’, ‘Pathology and Biotech’) according to its content.<p><a href='/help/site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sitei153Interaction with RNABy similarity1
Sitei158Interaction with RNABy similarity1
Sitei328Interaction with RNABy similarity1
Sitei399Interaction with RNABy similarity1
Sitei524Interaction with RNABy similarity1

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
116119, 50 interactors

CORUM comprehensive resource of mammalian protein complexes

More...
CORUMi
P51003

Database of interacting proteins

More...
DIPi
DIP-27610N
DIP-40865N

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P51003, 13 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P51003

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000216277

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P51003

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P51003

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni508 – 643Ser/Thr-richAdd BLAST136
Regioni677 – 745Required for interaction with NUDT21Add BLAST69

Motif

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a short (usually not more than 20 amino acids) conserved sequence motif of biological significance.<p><a href='/help/motif' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Motifi490 – 507Nuclear localization signal 1By similarityAdd BLAST18
Motifi650 – 665Nuclear localization signal 2By similarityAdd BLAST16

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi53 – 57Poly-Glu5
Compositional biasi504 – 507Poly-Lys4

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the poly(A) polymerase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG2245 Eukaryota
COG5186 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

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GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000154598

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

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HOVERGENi
HBG053502

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
P51003

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K14376

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
QLEWCGL

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG091G0571

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P51003

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF300842

Family and domain databases

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011068 NuclTrfase_I-like_C
IPR007012 PolA_pol_cen_dom
IPR007010 PolA_pol_RNA-bd_dom
IPR014492 PolyA_polymerase
IPR002934 Polymerase_NTP_transf_dom

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10682 PTHR10682, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01909 NTP_transf_2, 1 hit
PF04928 PAP_central, 1 hit
PF04926 PAP_RNA-bind, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF018425 PolyA_polymerase, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF55003 SSF55003, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequences (2+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry describes 2 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoformsi produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket

This entry has 2 described isoforms and 8 potential isoforms that are computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform 1 (identifier: P51003-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the 'canonical' sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPFPVTTQGS QQTQPPQKHY GITSPISLAA PKETDCVLTQ KLIETLKPFG
60 70 80 90 100
VFEEEEELQR RILILGKLNN LVKEWIREIS ESKNLPQSVI ENVGGKIFTF
110 120 130 140 150
GSYRLGVHTK GADIDALCVA PRHVDRSDFF TSFYDKLKLQ EEVKDLRAVE
160 170 180 190 200
EAFVPVIKLC FDGIEIDILF ARLALQTIPE DLDLRDDSLL KNLDIRCIRS
210 220 230 240 250
LNGCRVTDEI LHLVPNIDNF RLTLRAIKLW AKRHNIYSNI LGFLGGVSWA
260 270 280 290 300
MLVARTCQLY PNAIASTLVH KFFLVFSKWE WPNPVLLKQP EECNLNLPVW
310 320 330 340 350
DPRVNPSDRY HLMPIITPAY PQQNSTYNVS VSTRMVMVEE FKQGLAITDE
360 370 380 390 400
ILLSKAEWSK LFEAPNFFQK YKHYIVLLAS APTEKQRLEW VGLVESKIRI
410 420 430 440 450
LVGSLEKNEF ITLAHVNPQS FPAPKENPDK EEFRTMWVIG LVFKKTENSE
460 470 480 490 500
NLSVDLTYDI QSFTDTVYRQ AINSKMFEVD MKIAAMHVKR KQLHQLLPNH
510 520 530 540 550
VLQKKKKHST EGVKLTALND SSLDLSMDSD NSMSVPSPTS ATKTSPLNSS
560 570 580 590 600
GSSQGRNSPA PAVTAASVTN IQATEVSVPQ VNSSESSGGT SSESIPQTAT
610 620 630 640 650
QPAISPPPKP TVSRVVSSTR LVNPPPRSSG NAATSGNAAT KIPTPIVGVK
660 670 680 690 700
RTSSPHKEES PKKTKTEEDE TSEDANCLAL SGHDKTEAKE QLDTETSTTQ
710 720 730 740
SETIQTAASL LASQKTSSTD LSDIPALPAN PIPVIKNSIK LRLNR
Length:745
Mass (Da):82,843
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v4
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i14A00CCCDAD9B374
GO
Isoform 2 (identifier: P51003-2) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

The sequence of this isoform differs from the canonical sequence as follows:
     280-285: EWPNPV → YVFRLY
     286-745: Missing.

Show »
Length:285
Mass (Da):32,626
Checksum:i5967D93F0375C54C
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There are 8 potential isoforms mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
G3XAH6G3XAH6_HUMAN
Poly(A) polymerase alpha
PAPOLA
724Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V2A0G3V2A0_HUMAN
Poly(A) polymerase alpha
PAPOLA
475Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
H0YJL4H0YJL4_HUMAN
Poly(A) polymerase alpha
PAPOLA
181Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
A0A0C4DGK1A0A0C4DGK1_HUMAN
Poly(A) polymerase alpha, isoform C...
PAPOLA hCG_24516
238Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
H0YJ00H0YJ00_HUMAN
Poly(A) polymerase alpha
PAPOLA
203Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V457G3V457_HUMAN
Poly(A) polymerase alpha
PAPOLA
111Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
G3V3I9G3V3I9_HUMAN
Poly(A) polymerase alpha
PAPOLA
177Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
H0YJZ9H0YJZ9_HUMAN
Poly(A) polymerase alpha
PAPOLA
73Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti2 – 3PF → GTSNSPGHSSFSAPSTKKIK TTRKQNIAWC in CAD62628 (Ref. 2) Curated2
Sequence conflicti204 – 238CRVTD…HNIYS → MRKPTSFCVLQFLSDISCFY TSFVLKLFIAILLTQ in CAD61935 (Ref. 2) CuratedAdd BLAST35

Alternative sequence

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes the sequence of naturally occurring alternative protein isoform(s). The changes in the amino acid sequence may be due to alternative splicing, alternative promoter usage, alternative initiation, or ribosomal frameshifting. The information stored in this subsection is used to automatically construct alternative protein sequence(s) for display.<p><a href='/help/var_seq' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Alternative sequenceiVSP_012895280 – 285EWPNPV → YVFRLY in isoform 2. 2 Publications6
Alternative sequenceiVSP_012896286 – 745Missing in isoform 2. 2 PublicationsAdd BLAST460

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC000927 mRNA Translation: AAH00927.1
BC036014 mRNA Translation: AAH36014.1
BX248301 mRNA Translation: CAD62628.1
BX248753 mRNA Translation: CAD66560.1
BX161482 mRNA Translation: CAD61935.1
X76770 mRNA No translation available.

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS58334.1 [P51003-2]
CCDS9946.1 [P51003-1]

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001238935.1, NM_001252006.1 [P51003-2]
NP_001238936.1, NM_001252007.1
NP_001280556.1, NM_001293627.1
NP_001280557.1, NM_001293628.1
NP_001280561.1, NM_001293632.1
NP_116021.2, NM_032632.4 [P51003-1]

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

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UniGenei
Hs.253726

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000216277; ENSP00000216277; ENSG00000090060 [P51003-1]
ENST00000557320; ENSP00000450437; ENSG00000090060 [P51003-2]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
10914

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
hsa:10914

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc001yfo.5 human [P51003-1]

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
BC000927 mRNA Translation: AAH00927.1
BC036014 mRNA Translation: AAH36014.1
BX248301 mRNA Translation: CAD62628.1
BX248753 mRNA Translation: CAD66560.1
BX161482 mRNA Translation: CAD61935.1
X76770 mRNA No translation available.
CCDSiCCDS58334.1 [P51003-2]
CCDS9946.1 [P51003-1]
RefSeqiNP_001238935.1, NM_001252006.1 [P51003-2]
NP_001238936.1, NM_001252007.1
NP_001280556.1, NM_001293627.1
NP_001280557.1, NM_001293628.1
NP_001280561.1, NM_001293632.1
NP_116021.2, NM_032632.4 [P51003-1]
UniGeneiHs.253726

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP51003
SMRiP51003
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi116119, 50 interactors
CORUMiP51003
DIPiDIP-27610N
DIP-40865N
IntActiP51003, 13 interactors
MINTiP51003
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000216277

Chemistry databases

DrugBankiDB02153 3-Sulfinoalanine
DB01860 Cordycepin Triphosphate
DB03896 Triphospate

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP51003
PhosphoSitePlusiP51003

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiPAPOLA
DMDMi59803092

Proteomic databases

EPDiP51003
MaxQBiP51003
PaxDbiP51003
PeptideAtlasiP51003
PRIDEiP51003
ProteomicsDBi56276
56277 [P51003-2]

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000216277; ENSP00000216277; ENSG00000090060 [P51003-1]
ENST00000557320; ENSP00000450437; ENSG00000090060 [P51003-2]
GeneIDi10914
KEGGihsa:10914
UCSCiuc001yfo.5 human [P51003-1]

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
10914
DisGeNETi10914
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000090060.17

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

More...
GeneCardsi
PAPOLA
HGNCiHGNC:14981 PAPOLA
HPAiHPA001788
MIMi605553 gene
neXtProtiNX_P51003
OpenTargetsiENSG00000090060
PharmGKBiPA32932

GenAtlas: human gene database

More...
GenAtlasi
Search...

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG2245 Eukaryota
COG5186 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000154598
HOVERGENiHBG053502
InParanoidiP51003
KOiK14376
OMAiQLEWCGL
OrthoDBiEOG091G0571
PhylomeDBiP51003
TreeFamiTF300842

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-109688 Cleavage of Growing Transcript in the Termination Region
R-HSA-72163 mRNA Splicing - Major Pathway
R-HSA-72187 mRNA 3'-end processing
R-HSA-77595 Processing of Intronless Pre-mRNAs
SIGNORiP51003

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
PAPOLA human

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

More...
GeneWikii
PAPOLA

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

More...
GenomeRNAii
10914

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P51003

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000090060 Expressed in 232 organ(s), highest expression level in testis
CleanExiHS_PAPOLA
ExpressionAtlasiP51003 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP51003 HS

Family and domain databases

InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011068 NuclTrfase_I-like_C
IPR007012 PolA_pol_cen_dom
IPR007010 PolA_pol_RNA-bd_dom
IPR014492 PolyA_polymerase
IPR002934 Polymerase_NTP_transf_dom
PANTHERiPTHR10682 PTHR10682, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01909 NTP_transf_2, 1 hit
PF04928 PAP_central, 1 hit
PF04926 PAP_RNA-bind, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF018425 PolyA_polymerase, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF55003 SSF55003, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPAPOA_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P51003
Secondary accession number(s): Q86SX4
, Q86TV0, Q8IYF5, Q9BVU2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 181 of the entry and version 4 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Human chromosome 14
    Human chromosome 14: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  3. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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