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Entry version 130 (08 May 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Oct 1996)
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Protein

Cytosolic phospholipase A2

Gene

pla2g4a

Organism
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (Brachydanio rerio)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Selectively hydrolyzes arachidonyl phospholipids in the sn-2 position releasing arachidonic acid. Together with its lysophospholipid activity, it is implicated in the initiation of the inflammatory response.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Stimulated by agonists such as ATP, EGF, thrombin and bradykinin as well as by cytosolic Ca2+.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi34Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi34Calcium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi35Calcium 1; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi37Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi37Calcium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi59Calcium 1By similarity1
Metal bindingi87Calcium 2By similarity1
Metal bindingi88Calcium 2; via carbonyl oxygenBy similarity1
Metal bindingi89Calcium 2By similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei223NucleophileBy similarity1
Active sitei540Proton acceptorBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionHydrolase
Biological processLipid degradation, Lipid metabolism
LigandCalcium, Metal-binding

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cytosolic phospholipase A2
Short name:
cPLA2
Alternative name(s):
Phospholipase A2 group IVA
Including the following 2 domains:
Phospholipase A2 (EC:3.1.1.4)
Alternative name(s):
Phosphatidylcholine 2-acylhydrolase
Lysophospholipase (EC:3.1.1.5)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:pla2g4a
Synonyms:cpla2, pla2g4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiDanio rerio (Zebrafish) (Brachydanio rerio)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri7955 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiActinopterygiiNeopterygiiTeleosteiOstariophysiCypriniformesCyprinidaeDanio
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000437 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

Organism-specific databases

Zebrafish Information Network genome database

More...
ZFINi
ZDB-GENE-990415-45 pla2g4aa

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Cytoplasmic vesicle

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001872651 – 741Cytosolic phospholipase A2Add BLAST741

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei498Phosphoserine; by MAPKBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Activated by phosphorylation on a serine residue.By similarity

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P50392

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
7955.ENSDARP00000090686

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P50392

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini1 – 100C2PROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST100
Domaini132 – 729PLA2cPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST598

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 172Phospholipid bindingCuratedAdd BLAST172

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides general information on the biological role of a domain. The term ‘domain’ is intended here in its wide acceptation, it may be a structural domain, a transmembrane region or a functional domain. Several domains are described in this subsection.<p><a href='/help/domain_cc' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini

The N-terminal C2 domain associates with lipid membranes upon calcium binding. It modulates enzyme activity by presenting the active site to its substrate in response to elevations of cytosolic Ca2+ (By similarity).By similarity

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1012 Eukaryota
KOG1325 Eukaryota
ENOG410XR72 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000115420

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P50392

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K16342

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
302848at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P50392

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd04036 C2_cPLA2, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.60.40.150, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR016035 Acyl_Trfase/lysoPLipase
IPR041847 C2_cPLA2
IPR000008 C2_dom
IPR035892 C2_domain_sf
IPR002642 LysoPLipase_cat_dom

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00168 C2, 1 hit
PF01735 PLA2_B, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00239 C2, 1 hit
SM00022 PLAc, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF52151 SSF52151, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50004 C2, 1 hit
PS51210 PLA2C, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P50392-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSNIIVEHQY SHRLKLTVVR AENVTKGAFG DLLDTPDPYV ELSVPTTPES
60 70 80 90 100
RKRTRHINND INPKWNETFE FILDPNQSNV LEVTLMDANY VMDETLGTAK
110 120 130 140 150
YSLSKLKVAQ MEHVTLSIGK TTKVFLDLLL EVCASTDLRF SMTLCDQEKL
160 170 180 190 200
FMQTRRDRVM LSIKKLLKME NPRFLPSSPR EVPTIAILGS GGGFRAMVGF
210 220 230 240 250
SGVMKALYES GVFDCATYVA GLSGSTWYMS MLYSHPEFPA KGPGDINKEL
260 270 280 290 300
MNRVSNNPLK LLLPQNINRY VKALWKKKSA GQPVTFTDIF GMLIGETLIP
310 320 330 340 350
GRMNIKLSSL KGKINEGQSP LPLFTCLHVK PDVSELMFAD WVEFSPYEIG
360 370 380 390 400
MAKYGTFMSP GLFGSKFFMG SVVKQYEENP LHFLMGVWGS AFSILFNRVL
410 420 430 440 450
GVKETTSSST MEEELEQIKP EHIVGDDSAD NEEETQRGGT ESADAEDERQ
460 470 480 490 500
RHAQASWVQR MLTSIMGDTT LFTTREGRAG KVHNFMLGLN LNSTLPFSPF
510 520 530 540 550
SGITHQTSLE EEVDAVTDPD EFERIYEPLD VKSKKIHVVD SGLTFNLPYP
560 570 580 590 600
LILRCQRGVD LIISFDFSAR PSDSSPPFKE LLLAEKWARM NKLPFPKIDS
610 620 630 640 650
KVFDREGLKE CYVFKPAKGD KNCPTIIHFV LANINFRNFK APGVPRDSDK
660 670 680 690 700
DIEFGDFDIF DEPASPYSTF NFKYNNQAFK RLHDLMEFNT LNNIEVIKEA
710 720 730 740
IKDSILLRRE NPARCSVSLS LSEIENKKFL KRDNSIAKRP T
Length:741
Mass (Da):83,809
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i34896B1A8364A9D4
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
F1QWF8F1QWF8_DANRE
Phospholipase A2
pla2g4aa
741Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U10330 mRNA Translation: AAA53229.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
B54908

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_571370.1, NM_131295.2

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
30554

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
dre:30554

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U10330 mRNA Translation: AAA53229.1
PIRiB54908
RefSeqiNP_571370.1, NM_131295.2

3D structure databases

SMRiP50392
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi7955.ENSDARP00000090686

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP50392

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi30554
KEGGidre:30554

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
30554
ZFINiZDB-GENE-990415-45 pla2g4aa

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1012 Eukaryota
KOG1325 Eukaryota
ENOG410XR72 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000115420
InParanoidiP50392
KOiK16342
OrthoDBi302848at2759
PhylomeDBiP50392

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P50392

Family and domain databases

CDDicd04036 C2_cPLA2, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.60.40.150, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR016035 Acyl_Trfase/lysoPLipase
IPR041847 C2_cPLA2
IPR000008 C2_dom
IPR035892 C2_domain_sf
IPR002642 LysoPLipase_cat_dom
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00168 C2, 1 hit
PF01735 PLA2_B, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00239 C2, 1 hit
SM00022 PLAc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF52151 SSF52151, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50004 C2, 1 hit
PS51210 PLA2C, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiPA24A_DANRE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P50392
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: May 8, 2019
This is version 130 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome
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