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Protein

Inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase

Gene

IMPDH

Organism
Tritrichomonas foetus (Trichomonas foetus) (Tritrichomonas suis)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the conversion of inosine 5'-phosphate (IMP) to xanthosine 5'-phosphate (XMP), the first committed and rate-limiting step in the de novo synthesis of guanine nucleotides, and therefore plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth. Could also have a single-stranded nucleic acid-binding activity and could play a role in RNA and/or DNA metabolism.UniRule annotation1 Publication

Miscellaneous

Contains 2 potassium ions bound at each subunit interface. The second potassium binding site is not conserved and not observed in crystal structures of IMPDHs from other organisms (PubMed:12403633).1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

K+UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is a non-competitive inhibitor that prevents formation of the closed enzyme conformation by binding to the same site as the amobile flap. In contrast, mizoribine monophosphate (MZP) is a competitive inhibitor that induces the closed conformation. MPA is a potent inhibitor of mammalian IMPDHs but a poor inhibitor of the bacterial enzymes. MZP is a more potent inhibitor of bacterial IMPDH.UniRule annotation1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes biophysical and chemical properties, such as maximal absorption, kinetic parameters, pH dependence, redox potentials and temperature dependence.<p><a href='/help/biophysicochemical_properties' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Kineticsi

  1. KM=1.7 µM for Inosine 5'-phosphate1 Publication
  2. KM=150 µM for NAD+1 Publication

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: XMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway

    This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes XMP from IMP.UniRule annotation
    Proteins known to be involved in this subpathway in this organism are:
    1. Inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH)
    This subpathway is part of the pathway XMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway, which is itself part of Purine metabolism.
    View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes XMP from IMP, the pathway XMP biosynthesis via de novo pathway and in Purine metabolism.

    Sites

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the ‘Description’ field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi20Potassium 2; via carbonyl oxygen1 Publication1
    Metal bindingi22Potassium 21 Publication1
    Metal bindingi264Potassium 2; shared with tetrameric partner1 Publication1
    Metal bindingi266Potassium 2; via carbonyl oxygen; shared with tetrameric partner1 Publication1
    Metal bindingi314Potassium 1; via carbonyl oxygen1 Publication1
    Metal bindingi316Potassium 1; via carbonyl oxygen1 Publication1
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei317IMP1
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei319Thioimidate intermediateUniRule annotation2 Publications1
    Metal bindingi319Potassium 1; via carbonyl oxygen1 Publication1
    Active sitei418Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1
    Binding sitei431IMP1
    Metal bindingi460Potassium 2; via carbonyl oxygen1 Publication1
    Metal bindingi485Potassium 1; via carbonyl oxygen; shared with tetrameric partner1 Publication1
    Metal bindingi486Potassium 1; via carbonyl oxygen; shared with tetrameric partner1 Publication1
    Metal bindingi487Potassium 1; via carbonyl oxygen; shared with tetrameric partner1 Publication1

    Regions

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi261 – 263NAD3
    Nucleotide bindingi312 – 314NAD3

    <p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

    GO - Biological processi

    <p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

    Molecular functionOxidoreductase
    Biological processGMP biosynthesis, Purine biosynthesis
    LigandMetal-binding, NAD, Potassium

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

    More...
    SABIO-RKi
    P50097

    UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

    More...
    UniPathwayi
    UPA00601;UER00295

    <p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
    Recommended name:
    Inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.1.1.205UniRule annotation)
    Short name:
    IMP dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation
    Short name:
    IMPDUniRule annotation
    Short name:
    IMPDHUniRule annotation
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
    Name:IMPDHUniRule annotation
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiTritrichomonas foetus (Trichomonas foetus) (Tritrichomonas suis)
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri56690 [NCBI]
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaParabasaliaTritrichomonadidaTritrichomonadidaeTritrichomonas

    <p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

    GO - Cellular componenti

    Keywords - Cellular componenti

    Cytoplasm

    <p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

    Mutagenesis

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi319C → S: Has less than 0.06% of the wild-type activity. 1 Publication1

    <p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

    Molecule processing

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000936761 – 503Inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST503

    Proteomic databases

    PRoteomics IDEntifications database

    More...
    PRIDEi
    P50097

    <p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

    Homotetramer.UniRule annotation4 Publications

    GO - Molecular functioni

    <p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

    Secondary structure

    1503
    Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
    Show more details

    3D structure databases

    Select the link destinations:

    Protein Data Bank Europe

    More...
    PDBei

    Protein Data Bank RCSB

    More...
    RCSB PDBi

    Protein Data Bank Japan

    More...
    PDBji
    Links Updated
    PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
    1AK5X-ray2.30A1-503[»]
    1LRTX-ray2.20A/B/C/D2-503[»]
    1ME7X-ray2.15A1-503[»]
    1ME8X-ray1.90A1-503[»]
    1ME9X-ray2.20A1-503[»]
    1MEHX-ray1.95A1-503[»]
    1MEIX-ray2.20A1-503[»]
    1MEWX-ray2.15A1-503[»]
    1PVNX-ray2.00A/B/C/D2-503[»]

    Database of protein disorder

    More...
    DisProti
    DP00399

    Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

    More...
    ProteinModelPortali
    P50097

    SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

    More...
    SMRi
    P50097

    Database of comparative protein structure models

    More...
    ModBasei
    Search...

    MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

    More...
    MobiDBi
    Search...

    Miscellaneous databases

    Relative evolutionary importance of amino acids within a protein sequence

    More...
    EvolutionaryTracei
    P50097

    <p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

    Domains and Repeats

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini103 – 163CBS 1UniRule annotationAdd BLAST61
    Domaini167 – 228CBS 2UniRule annotationAdd BLAST62

    Region

    Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni358 – 360IMP binding3
    Regioni381 – 382IMP binding2
    Regioni405 – 409IMP binding5

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

    Belongs to the IMPDH/GMPR family.UniRule annotation

    Keywords - Domaini

    CBS domain, Repeat

    Family and domain databases

    Conserved Domains Database

    More...
    CDDi
    cd00381 IMPDH, 1 hit

    Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

    More...
    Gene3Di
    3.20.20.70, 1 hit

    HAMAP database of protein families

    More...
    HAMAPi
    MF_01964 IMPDH, 1 hit

    Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

    More...
    InterProi
    View protein in InterPro
    IPR013785 Aldolase_TIM
    IPR000644 CBS_dom
    IPR005990 IMP_DH
    IPR015875 IMP_DH/GMP_Rdtase_CS
    IPR001093 IMP_DH_GMPRt

    Pfam protein domain database

    More...
    Pfami
    View protein in Pfam
    PF00571 CBS, 1 hit
    PF00478 IMPDH, 1 hit

    PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

    More...
    PIRSFi
    PIRSF000130 IMPDH, 1 hit

    PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

    More...
    PROSITEi
    View protein in PROSITE
    PS51371 CBS, 2 hits
    PS00487 IMP_DH_GMP_RED, 1 hit

    <p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

    <p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

    P50097-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
    « Hide
            10         20         30         40         50
    MAKYYNEPCH TFNEYLLIPG LSTVDCIPSN VNLSTPLVKF QKGQQSEINL
    60 70 80 90 100
    KIPLVSAIMQ SVSGEKMAIA LAREGGISFI FGSQSIESQA AMVHAVKNFK
    110 120 130 140 150
    AGFVVSDSNV KPDQTFADVL AISQRTTHNT VAVTDDGTPH GVLLGLVTQR
    160 170 180 190 200
    DYPIDLTQTE TKVSDMMTPF SKLVTAHQDT KLSEANKIIW EKKLNALPII
    210 220 230 240 250
    DDDQHLRYIV FRKDYDRSQV CHNELVDSQK RYLVGAGINT RDFRERVPAL
    260 270 280 290 300
    VEAGADVLCI DSSDGFSEWQ KITIGWIREK YGDKVKVGAG NIVDGEGFRY
    310 320 330 340 350
    LADAGADFIK IGIGGGSICI TREQKGIGRG QATAVIDVVA ERNKYFEETG
    360 370 380 390 400
    IYIPVCSDGG IVYDYHMTLA LAMGADFIML GRYFARFEES PTRKVTINGS
    410 420 430 440 450
    VMKEYWGEGS SRARNWQRYD LGGKQKLSFE EGVDSYVPYA GKLKDNVEAS
    460 470 480 490 500
    LNKVKSTMCN CGALTIPQLQ SKAKITLVSS VSIVEGGAHD VIVKDRINDY

    HPK
    Length:503
    Mass (Da):55,473
    Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v1
    <p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iE204EADE7ECC4134
    GO

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:

    EMBL nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    EMBLi

    GenBank nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    GenBanki

    DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

    More...
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    L18917 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB01581.1

    Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

    More...
    PIRi
    A58910

    <p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

    <p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

    Sequence databases

    Select the link destinations:
    EMBLi
    GenBanki
    DDBJi
    Links Updated
    L18917 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB01581.1
    PIRiA58910

    3D structure databases

    Select the link destinations:
    PDBei
    RCSB PDBi
    PDBji
    Links Updated
    PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
    1AK5X-ray2.30A1-503[»]
    1LRTX-ray2.20A/B/C/D2-503[»]
    1ME7X-ray2.15A1-503[»]
    1ME8X-ray1.90A1-503[»]
    1ME9X-ray2.20A1-503[»]
    1MEHX-ray1.95A1-503[»]
    1MEIX-ray2.20A1-503[»]
    1MEWX-ray2.15A1-503[»]
    1PVNX-ray2.00A/B/C/D2-503[»]
    DisProtiDP00399
    ProteinModelPortaliP50097
    SMRiP50097
    ModBaseiSearch...
    MobiDBiSearch...

    Proteomic databases

    PRIDEiP50097

    Protocols and materials databases

    Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

    Enzyme and pathway databases

    UniPathwayi
    UPA00601;UER00295

    SABIO-RKiP50097

    Miscellaneous databases

    EvolutionaryTraceiP50097

    Family and domain databases

    CDDicd00381 IMPDH, 1 hit
    Gene3Di3.20.20.70, 1 hit
    HAMAPiMF_01964 IMPDH, 1 hit
    InterProiView protein in InterPro
    IPR013785 Aldolase_TIM
    IPR000644 CBS_dom
    IPR005990 IMP_DH
    IPR015875 IMP_DH/GMP_Rdtase_CS
    IPR001093 IMP_DH_GMPRt
    PfamiView protein in Pfam
    PF00571 CBS, 1 hit
    PF00478 IMPDH, 1 hit
    PIRSFiPIRSF000130 IMPDH, 1 hit
    PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
    PS51371 CBS, 2 hits
    PS00487 IMP_DH_GMP_RED, 1 hit

    ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

    More...
    ProtoNeti
    Search...

    <p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiIMDH_TRIFO
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P50097
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
    Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
    Last modified: December 5, 2018
    This is version 128 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
    <p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    <p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

    Keywords - Technical termi

    3D-structure

    Documents

    1. SIMILARITY comments
      Index of protein domains and families
    2. PATHWAY comments
      Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
    3. PDB cross-references
      Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
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