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Protein

Glycogen synthase kinase-3 alpha

Gene

GSK3A

Organism
Homo sapiens (Human)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Constitutively active protein kinase that acts as a negative regulator in the hormonal control of glucose homeostasis, Wnt signaling and regulation of transcription factors and microtubules, by phosphorylating and inactivating glycogen synthase (GYS1 or GYS2), CTNNB1/beta-catenin, APC and AXIN1. Requires primed phosphorylation of the majority of its substrates. Contributes to insulin regulation of glycogen synthesis by phosphorylating and inhibiting GYS1 activity and hence glycogen synthesis. Regulates glycogen metabolism in liver, but not in muscle. May also mediate the development of insulin resistance by regulating activation of transcription factors. In Wnt signaling, regulates the level and transcriptional activity of nuclear CTNNB1/beta-catenin. Facilitates amyloid precursor protein (APP) processing and the generation of APP-derived amyloid plaques found in Alzheimer disease. May be involved in the regulation of replication in pancreatic beta-cells. Is necessary for the establishment of neuronal polarity and axon outgrowth. Through phosphorylation of the anti-apoptotic protein MCL1, may control cell apoptosis in response to growth factors deprivation.2 Publications

Miscellaneous

Higher expression and activity of GSK3A are found in the skeletal muscle (vastus lateralis) of patients with type 2 diabetes (PubMed:10868943). Several potent GSK3 (GSK3A and GSK3B) inhibitors have been identified and characterized in preclinical models for treatments of type 2 diabetes (PubMed:19366350).2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes regulatory mechanisms for enzymes, transporters or microbial transcription factors, and reports the components which regulate (by activation or inhibition) the reaction.<p><a href='/help/activity_regulation' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Activity regulationi

Activated by phosphorylation at Tyr-279. In response to insulin, inhibited by phosphorylation at Ser-21 by PKB/AKT1; phosphorylation at this site causes a conformational change, preventing access of substrates to the active site. Inhibited by lithium.2 Publications

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei148ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei244Proton acceptorPROSITE-ProRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi125 – 133ATPPROSITE-ProRule annotation9

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • ATP binding Source: UniProtKB-KW
  • protein kinase A catalytic subunit binding Source: BHF-UCL
  • protein serine/threonine kinase activity Source: BHF-UCL
  • signaling receptor binding Source: ARUK-UCL
  • tau-protein kinase activity Source: UniProtKB

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionKinase, Serine/threonine-protein kinase, Signal transduction inhibitor, Transferase
Biological processCarbohydrate metabolism, Glycogen metabolism, Neurogenesis, Wnt signaling pathway
LigandATP-binding, Nucleotide-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-HSA-198323 AKT phosphorylates targets in the cytosol
R-HSA-381038 XBP1(S) activates chaperone genes
R-HSA-5674400 Constitutive Signaling by AKT1 E17K in Cancer

SignaLink: a signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks

More...
SignaLinki
P49840

SIGNOR Signaling Network Open Resource

More...
SIGNORi
P49840

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 alpha (EC:2.7.11.26)
Short name:
GSK-3 alpha
Alternative name(s):
Serine/threonine-protein kinase GSK3A (EC:2.7.11.1)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GSK3A
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiHomo sapiens (Human)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9606 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniHominidaeHomo
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000005640 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 19

Organism-specific databases

Eukaryotic Pathogen Database Resources

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EuPathDBi
HostDB:ENSG00000105723.11

Human Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
HGNCi
HGNC:4616 GSK3A

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM)

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MIMi
606784 gene

neXtProt; the human protein knowledge platform

More...
neXtProti
NX_P49840

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Keywords - Diseasei

Alzheimer disease, Diabetes mellitus

Organism-specific databases

DisGeNET

More...
DisGeNETi
2931

Open Targets

More...
OpenTargetsi
ENSG00000105723

The Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base

More...
PharmGKBi
PA29008

Chemistry databases

ChEMBL database of bioactive drug-like small molecules

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ChEMBLi
CHEMBL2850

IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY

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GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi
2029

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMuta curated single-nucleotide variation and disease association database

More...
BioMutai
GSK3A

Domain mapping of disease mutations (DMDM)

More...
DMDMi
12644292

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedCombined sources
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000859782 – 483Glycogen synthase kinase-3 alphaAdd BLAST482

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei2N-acetylserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei2PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei21Phosphoserine; by PKB/AKT1By similarity1
Modified residuei72PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei77PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei97PhosphoserineCombined sources1
Modified residuei279PhosphotyrosineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated by AKT1 at Ser-21: upon insulin-mediated signaling, the activated PKB/AKT1 protein kinase phosphorylates and desactivates GSK3A, resulting in the dephosphorylation and activation of GYS1. Activated by phosphorylation at Tyr-279.

Keywords - PTMi

Acetylation, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

Encyclopedia of Proteome Dynamics

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EPDi
P49840

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

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MaxQBi
P49840

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P49840

PeptideAtlas

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PeptideAtlasi
P49840

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

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PRIDEi
P49840

ProteomicsDB human proteome resource

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ProteomicsDBi
56150

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P49840

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

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PhosphoSitePlusi
P49840

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSG00000105723 Expressed in 232 organ(s), highest expression level in right frontal lobe

CleanEx database of gene expression profiles

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CleanExi
HS_GSK3A

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

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ExpressionAtlasi
P49840 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

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Genevisiblei
P49840 HS

Organism-specific databases

Human Protein Atlas

More...
HPAi
CAB004422
HPA028423

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Monomer. Interacts with ARRB2 (By similarity). Interacts with AXIN1 and CTNNB1/beta-catenin. Interacts with CTNND2 (PubMed:19706605).By similarity2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
109186, 75 interactors

ComplexPortal: manually curated resource of macromolecular complexes

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ComplexPortali
CPX-107 Beta-catenin destruction core complex, variant 5
CPX-441 Beta-catenin destruction core complex, variant 7
CPX-442 Beta-catenin destruction core complex, variant 6
CPX-443 Beta-catenin destruction core complex, variant 8

The Eukaryotic Linear Motif resource for Functional Sites in Proteins

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ELMi
P49840

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
P49840, 44 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

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MINTi
P49840

STRING: functional protein association networks

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STRINGi
9606.ENSP00000222330

Chemistry databases

BindingDB database of measured binding affinities

More...
BindingDBi
P49840

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P49840

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

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SMRi
P49840

Database of comparative protein structure models

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ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

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MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family_and_domains_section">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini119 – 403Protein kinasePROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST285

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi3 – 83Gly-richAdd BLAST81

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0658 Eukaryota
COG0515 LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

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GeneTreei
ENSGT00520000055635

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

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HOGENOMi
HOG000233017

The HOVERGEN Database of Homologous Vertebrate Genes

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HOVERGENi
HBG014652

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

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InParanoidi
P49840

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K08822

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
FDELRCP

Database of Orthologous Groups

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OrthoDBi
EOG091G099S

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

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PhylomeDBi
P49840

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

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TreeFami
TF101104

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

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CDDi
cd14137 STKc_GSK3, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

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InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR017441 Protein_kinase_ATP_BS
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS
IPR039192 STKc_GSK3

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00069 Pkinase, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

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SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

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SUPFAMi
SSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

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PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00107 PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP, 1 hit
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

P49840-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSGGGPSGGG PGGSGRARTS SFAEPGGGGG GGGGGPGGSA SGPGGTGGGK
60 70 80 90 100
ASVGAMGGGV GASSSGGGPG GSGGGGSGGP GAGTSFPPPG VKLGRDSGKV
110 120 130 140 150
TTVVATLGQG PERSQEVAYT DIKVIGNGSF GVVYQARLAE TRELVAIKKV
160 170 180 190 200
LQDKRFKNRE LQIMRKLDHC NIVRLRYFFY SSGEKKDELY LNLVLEYVPE
210 220 230 240 250
TVYRVARHFT KAKLTIPILY VKVYMYQLFR SLAYIHSQGV CHRDIKPQNL
260 270 280 290 300
LVDPDTAVLK LCDFGSAKQL VRGEPNVSYI CSRYYRAPEL IFGATDYTSS
310 320 330 340 350
IDVWSAGCVL AELLLGQPIF PGDSGVDQLV EIIKVLGTPT REQIREMNPN
360 370 380 390 400
YTEFKFPQIK AHPWTKVFKS RTPPEAIALC SSLLEYTPSS RLSPLEACAH
410 420 430 440 450
SFFDELRCLG TQLPNNRPLP PLFNFSAGEL SIQPSLNAIL IPPHLRSPAG
460 470 480
TTTLTPSSQA LTETPTSSDW QSTDATPTLT NSS
Length:483
Mass (Da):50,981
Last modified:December 1, 2000 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iF18C012C03B7D786
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
A8MT37A8MT37_HUMAN
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 alpha
GSK3A
401Annotation score:

Annotation score:1 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti449A → S in AAA62432 (Ref. 1) Curated1

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural variantiVAR_051625109Q → E. Corresponds to variant dbSNP:rs35978177Ensembl.1
Natural variantiVAR_040539461L → F1 PublicationCorresponds to variant dbSNP:rs35454502Ensembl.1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

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DDBJi
Links Updated
L40027 mRNA Translation: AAA62432.1
D63424 mRNA Translation: BAA23608.1
AC006486 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD11986.1
BC027984 mRNA Translation: AAH27984.1
BC051865 mRNA Translation: AAH51865.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

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CCDSi
CCDS12599.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

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RefSeqi
NP_063937.2, NM_019884.2

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

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UniGenei
Hs.466828

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENST00000222330; ENSP00000222330; ENSG00000105723
ENST00000453535; ENSP00000412663; ENSG00000105723

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

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GeneIDi
2931

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

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KEGGi
hsa:2931

UCSC genome browser

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UCSCi
uc002otb.2 human

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Polymorphism

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L40027 mRNA Translation: AAA62432.1
D63424 mRNA Translation: BAA23608.1
AC006486 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD11986.1
BC027984 mRNA Translation: AAH27984.1
BC051865 mRNA Translation: AAH51865.1
CCDSiCCDS12599.1
RefSeqiNP_063937.2, NM_019884.2
UniGeneiHs.466828

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

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RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

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PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
2DFMmodel-A98-449[»]
ProteinModelPortaliP49840
SMRiP49840
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi109186, 75 interactors
ComplexPortaliCPX-107 Beta-catenin destruction core complex, variant 5
CPX-441 Beta-catenin destruction core complex, variant 7
CPX-442 Beta-catenin destruction core complex, variant 6
CPX-443 Beta-catenin destruction core complex, variant 8
ELMiP49840
IntActiP49840, 44 interactors
MINTiP49840
STRINGi9606.ENSP00000222330

Chemistry databases

BindingDBiP49840
ChEMBLiCHEMBL2850
GuidetoPHARMACOLOGYi2029

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP49840
PhosphoSitePlusiP49840

Polymorphism and mutation databases

BioMutaiGSK3A
DMDMi12644292

Proteomic databases

EPDiP49840
MaxQBiP49840
PaxDbiP49840
PeptideAtlasiP49840
PRIDEiP49840
ProteomicsDBi56150

Protocols and materials databases

The DNASU plasmid repository

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DNASUi
2931
Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENST00000222330; ENSP00000222330; ENSG00000105723
ENST00000453535; ENSP00000412663; ENSG00000105723
GeneIDi2931
KEGGihsa:2931
UCSCiuc002otb.2 human

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

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CTDi
2931
DisGeNETi2931
EuPathDBiHostDB:ENSG00000105723.11

GeneCards: human genes, protein and diseases

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GeneCardsi
GSK3A
HGNCiHGNC:4616 GSK3A
HPAiCAB004422
HPA028423
MIMi606784 gene
neXtProtiNX_P49840
OpenTargetsiENSG00000105723
PharmGKBiPA29008

GenAtlas: human gene database

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GenAtlasi
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Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0658 Eukaryota
COG0515 LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00520000055635
HOGENOMiHOG000233017
HOVERGENiHBG014652
InParanoidiP49840
KOiK08822
OMAiFDELRCP
OrthoDBiEOG091G099S
PhylomeDBiP49840
TreeFamiTF101104

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-HSA-198323 AKT phosphorylates targets in the cytosol
R-HSA-381038 XBP1(S) activates chaperone genes
R-HSA-5674400 Constitutive Signaling by AKT1 E17K in Cancer
SignaLinkiP49840
SIGNORiP49840

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

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ChiTaRSi
GSK3A human

The Gene Wiki collection of pages on human genes and proteins

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GeneWikii
GSK3A

Database of phenotypes from RNA interference screens in Drosophila and Homo sapiens

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GenomeRNAii
2931

Protein Ontology

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PROi
PR:P49840

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

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SOURCEi
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Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSG00000105723 Expressed in 232 organ(s), highest expression level in right frontal lobe
CleanExiHS_GSK3A
ExpressionAtlasiP49840 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP49840 HS

Family and domain databases

CDDicd14137 STKc_GSK3, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR011009 Kinase-like_dom_sf
IPR000719 Prot_kinase_dom
IPR017441 Protein_kinase_ATP_BS
IPR008271 Ser/Thr_kinase_AS
IPR039192 STKc_GSK3
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00069 Pkinase, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00220 S_TKc, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF56112 SSF56112, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00107 PROTEIN_KINASE_ATP, 1 hit
PS50011 PROTEIN_KINASE_DOM, 1 hit
PS00108 PROTEIN_KINASE_ST, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

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ProtoNeti
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<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGSK3A_HUMAN
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P49840
Secondary accession number(s): O14959
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: December 1, 2000
Last modified: December 5, 2018
This is version 189 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program
DisclaimerAny medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care.

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  3. Human chromosome 19
    Human chromosome 19: entries, gene names and cross-references to MIM
  4. Human and mouse protein kinases
    Human and mouse protein kinases: classification and index
  5. Human polymorphisms and disease mutations
    Index of human polymorphisms and disease mutations
  6. Human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
    List of human entries with polymorphisms or disease mutations
  7. MIM cross-references
    Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (MIM) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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