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Entry version 151 (05 Jun 2019)
Sequence version 3 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Malate dehydrogenase

Gene

mdh

Organism
Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Catalyzes the reversible oxidation of malate to oxaloacetate.UniRule annotation

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei36NADUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei87SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei93SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei100NADUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei125SubstrateUniRule annotation1
Binding sitei156SubstrateUniRule annotation1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei180Proton acceptorUniRule annotation1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi12 – 17NADUniRule annotation6
Nucleotide bindingi123 – 125NADUniRule annotation3

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionOxidoreductase
Biological processTricarboxylic acid cycle
LigandNAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
BSUB:BSU29120-MONOMER

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Malate dehydrogenaseUniRule annotation (EC:1.1.1.37UniRule annotation)
Alternative name(s):
Vegetative protein 69
Short name:
VEG69
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:mdh
Synonyms:citH
Ordered Locus Names:BSU29120
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBacillus subtilis (strain 168)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri224308 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiBacteriaFirmicutesBacilliBacillalesBacillaceaeBacillus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000001570 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

GO - Cellular componenti

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemoved1 Publication
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001134342 – 312Malate dehydrogenaseAdd BLAST311

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei149PhosphoserineUniRule annotation1 Publication1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

jPOST - Japan Proteome Standard Repository/Database

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jPOSTi
P49814

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

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PaxDbi
P49814

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P49814

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P49814

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
icdP391263EBI-7827708,EBI-7829570

Protein-protein interaction databases

Protein interaction database and analysis system

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IntActi
P49814, 2 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

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MINTi
P49814

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
224308.BSU29120

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P49814

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the LDH/MDH superfamily. MDH type 3 family.UniRule annotation

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG4105C80 Bacteria
COG0039 LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000213794

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P49814

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K00024

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
RQPGQTR

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P49814

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd01339 LDH-like_MDH, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.90.110.10, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00487 Malate_dehydrog_3, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001557 L-lactate/malate_DH
IPR022383 Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236 Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955 Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR011275 Malate_DH_type3
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02866 Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056 Ldh_1_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF000102 Lac_mal_DH, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00086 LLDHDRGNASE

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327 SSF56327, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01763 MalateDH_bact, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P49814-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGNTRKKVSV IGAGFTGATT AFLIAQKELA DVVLVDIPQL ENPTKGKALD
60 70 80 90 100
MLEASPVQGF DAKITGTSNY EDTAGSDIVV ITAGIARKPG MSRDDLVSTN
110 120 130 140 150
EKIMRSVTQE IVKYSPDSII VVLTNPVDAM TYAVYKESGF PKERVIGQSG
160 170 180 190 200
VLDTARFRTF VAEELNLSVK DVTGFVLGGH GDDMVPLVRY SYAGGIPLET
210 220 230 240 250
LIPKERIDAI VERTRKGGGE IVNLLGNGSA YYAPAASLTE MVEAILKDQR
260 270 280 290 300
RVLPTIAYLE GEYGYEGIYL GVPTIVGGNG LEQIIELELT DYERAQLNKS
310
VESVKNVMKV LS
Length:312
Mass (Da):33,644
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i656BA5BF5AA2D0CD
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U05257 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA96343.1
AF008220 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC00347.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB14872.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
I40383

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_390790.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003229437.1, NZ_JNCM01000036.1

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl bacterial and archaeal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblBacteriai
CAB14872; CAB14872; BSU29120

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
937385

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bsu:BSU29120

Pathosystems Resource Integration Center (PATRIC)

More...
PATRICi
fig|224308.179.peg.3162

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U05257 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA96343.1
AF008220 Genomic DNA Translation: AAC00347.1
AL009126 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB14872.1
PIRiI40383
RefSeqiNP_390790.1, NC_000964.3
WP_003229437.1, NZ_JNCM01000036.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP49814
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

IntActiP49814, 2 interactors
MINTiP49814
STRINGi224308.BSU29120

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP49814

Proteomic databases

jPOSTiP49814
PaxDbiP49814
PRIDEiP49814

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblBacteriaiCAB14872; CAB14872; BSU29120
GeneIDi937385
KEGGibsu:BSU29120
PATRICifig|224308.179.peg.3162

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG4105C80 Bacteria
COG0039 LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000213794
InParanoidiP49814
KOiK00024
OMAiRQPGQTR
PhylomeDBiP49814

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyciBSUB:BSU29120-MONOMER

Family and domain databases

CDDicd01339 LDH-like_MDH, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.90.110.10, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00487 Malate_dehydrog_3, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001557 L-lactate/malate_DH
IPR022383 Lactate/malate_DH_C
IPR001236 Lactate/malate_DH_N
IPR015955 Lactate_DH/Glyco_Ohase_4_C
IPR011275 Malate_DH_type3
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02866 Ldh_1_C, 1 hit
PF00056 Ldh_1_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF000102 Lac_mal_DH, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00086 LLDHDRGNASE
SUPFAMiSSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF56327 SSF56327, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01763 MalateDH_bact, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiMDH_BACSU
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P49814
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: October 1, 1996
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: June 5, 2019
This is version 151 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programProkaryotic Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Direct protein sequencing, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Bacillus subtilis
    Bacillus subtilis (strain 168): entries, gene names and cross-references to SubtiList
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