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Entry version 154 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 2 (27 Apr 2001)
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Protein

Triosephosphate isomerase, cytosolic

Gene

CTIMC

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Miscellaneous

In plants, there are two types of TPIS, cytosolic and plastid.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: gluconeogenesis

This protein is involved in the pathway gluconeogenesis, which is part of Carbohydrate biosynthesis.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway gluconeogenesis and in Carbohydrate biosynthesis.

Pathwayi: glycolysis

This protein is involved in step 1 of the subpathway that synthesizes D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate from glycerone phosphate. This subpathway is part of the pathway glycolysis, which is itself part of Carbohydrate degradation.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the subpathway that synthesizes D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate from glycerone phosphate, the pathway glycolysis and in Carbohydrate degradation.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. Priority is given to the annotation of physiological ligands.<p><a href='/help/binding' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binding sitei10SubstrateBy similarity1
Binding sitei12SubstrateBy similarity1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei96ElectrophileBy similarity1
Active sitei166Proton acceptorBy similarity1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIsomerase
Biological processGluconeogenesis, Glycolysis

Enzyme and pathway databases

BioCyc Collection of Pathway/Genome Databases

More...
BioCyci
ARA:AT3G55440-MONOMER
MetaCyc:AT3G55440-MONOMER

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
5.3.1.1, 399

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00109;UER00189
UPA00138

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Triosephosphate isomerase, cytosolic (EC:5.3.1.1)
Short name:
TIM
Short name:
Triose-phosphate isomerase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CTIMC
Ordered Locus Names:At3g55440
ORF Names:T22E16.100
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 3

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT3G55440

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2099906, AT3G55440

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cytoplasm, Mitochondrion

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000901441 – 254Triosephosphate isomerase, cytosolicAdd BLAST254

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei131PhosphothreonineCombined sources1
Modified residuei139PhosphoserineCombined sources1

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P48491

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P48491

ProteomicsDB: a multi-organism proteome resource

More...
ProteomicsDBi
234445

2D gel databases

Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis database from the Geneva University Hospital

More...
SWISS-2DPAGEi
P48491

The World-2DPAGE database

More...
World-2DPAGEi
0003:P48491

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P48491

MetOSite database of methionine sulfoxide sites

More...
MetOSitei
P48491

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P48491, baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P48491, AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Homodimer.

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
10026, 24 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P48491, 26 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT3G55440.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

Secondary structure

1254
Legend: HelixTurnBeta strandPDB Structure known for this area
Show more details

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P48491

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

Protein Data Bank in Europe - Knowledge Base

More...
PDBe-KBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the triosephosphate isomerase family.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG1643, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_024251_2_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P48491

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
QVIACIG

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1272577at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P48491

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00311, TIM, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.20.20.70, 1 hit

HAMAP database of protein families

More...
HAMAPi
MF_00147_B, TIM_B, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR013785, Aldolase_TIM
IPR035990, TIM_sf
IPR022896, TrioseP_Isoase_bac/euk
IPR000652, Triosephosphate_isomerase
IPR020861, Triosephosphate_isomerase_AS

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR21139, PTHR21139, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00121, TIM, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51351, SSF51351, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR00419, tim, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00171, TIM_1, 1 hit
PS51440, TIM_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P48491-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MARKFFVGGN WKCNGTAEEV KKIVNTLNEA QVPSQDVVEV VVSPPYVFLP
60 70 80 90 100
LVKSTLRSDF FVAAQNCWVK KGGAFTGEVS AEMLVNLDIP WVILGHSERR
110 120 130 140 150
AILNESSEFV GDKVAYALAQ GLKVIACVGE TLEEREAGST MDVVAAQTKA
160 170 180 190 200
IADRVTNWSN VVIAYEPVWA IGTGKVASPA QAQEVHDELR KWLAKNVSAD
210 220 230 240 250
VAATTRIIYG GSVNGGNCKE LGGQADVDGF LVGGASLKPE FIDIIKAAEV

KKSA
Length:254
Mass (Da):27,169
Last modified:April 27, 2001 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i428023AFEB3269B4
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti251K → N in AAA03449 (Ref. 1) Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U02949 mRNA Translation: AAA03449.1
AL132975 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB75902.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE79384.1
AF375426 mRNA Translation: AAK53010.1
AY074822 mRNA Translation: AAL69518.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
T47683
T50646

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_191104.1, NM_115402.4

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT3G55440.1; AT3G55440.1; AT3G55440

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
824710

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT3G55440.1; AT3G55440.1; AT3G55440

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT3G55440

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U02949 mRNA Translation: AAA03449.1
AL132975 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB75902.1
CP002686 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE79384.1
AF375426 mRNA Translation: AAK53010.1
AY074822 mRNA Translation: AAL69518.1
PIRiT47683
T50646
RefSeqiNP_191104.1, NM_115402.4

3D structure databases

Select the link destinations:

Protein Data Bank Europe

More...
PDBei

Protein Data Bank RCSB

More...
RCSB PDBi

Protein Data Bank Japan

More...
PDBji
Links Updated
PDB entryMethodResolution (Å)ChainPositionsPDBsum
4OBTX-ray1.60A/B1-254[»]
6NXQX-ray1.96A1-254[»]
6NXRX-ray1.30A1-254[»]
6NXSX-ray1.52A/B1-254[»]
6NXWX-ray1.95A/B/C/D1-254[»]
6NXXX-ray1.64A/B1-254[»]
6NXYX-ray1.05A1-254[»]
SMRiP48491
ModBaseiSearch...
PDBe-KBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi10026, 24 interactors
IntActiP48491, 26 interactors
STRINGi3702.AT3G55440.1

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP48491
MetOSiteiP48491

2D gel databases

SWISS-2DPAGEiP48491
World-2DPAGEi0003:P48491

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP48491
PRIDEiP48491
ProteomicsDBi234445

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT3G55440.1; AT3G55440.1; AT3G55440
GeneIDi824710
GrameneiAT3G55440.1; AT3G55440.1; AT3G55440
KEGGiath:AT3G55440

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT3G55440
TAIRilocus:2099906, AT3G55440

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG1643, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_024251_2_0_1
InParanoidiP48491
OMAiQVIACIG
OrthoDBi1272577at2759
PhylomeDBiP48491

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00109;UER00189
UPA00138
BioCyciARA:AT3G55440-MONOMER
MetaCyc:AT3G55440-MONOMER
BRENDAi5.3.1.1, 399

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P48491

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP48491, baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP48491, AT

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00311, TIM, 1 hit
Gene3Di3.20.20.70, 1 hit
HAMAPiMF_00147_B, TIM_B, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR013785, Aldolase_TIM
IPR035990, TIM_sf
IPR022896, TrioseP_Isoase_bac/euk
IPR000652, Triosephosphate_isomerase
IPR020861, Triosephosphate_isomerase_AS
PANTHERiPTHR21139, PTHR21139, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00121, TIM, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51351, SSF51351, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR00419, tim, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00171, TIM_1, 1 hit
PS51440, TIM_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiTPIS_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P48491
Secondary accession number(s): Q9M2T5
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1996
Last sequence update: April 27, 2001
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 154 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

3D-structure, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
  2. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  3. PDB cross-references
    Index of Protein Data Bank (PDB) cross-references
  4. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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