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Entry version 139 (07 Oct 2020)
Sequence version 1 (01 Feb 1996)
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Protein

Interleukin-12 subunit beta

Gene

IL12B

Organism
Macaca mulatta (Rhesus macaque)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Cytokine that can act as a growth factor for activated T and NK cells, enhance the lytic activity of NK/lymphokine-activated killer cells, and stimulate the production of IFN-gamma by resting PBMC.By similarity
Associates with IL23A to form the IL-23 interleukin, a heterodimeric cytokine which functions in innate and adaptive immunity. IL-23 may constitute with IL-17 an acute response to infection in peripheral tissues. IL-23 binds to a heterodimeric receptor complex composed of IL12RB1 and IL23R, activates the Jak-Stat signaling cascade, stimulates memory rather than naive T-cells and promotes production of proinflammatory cytokines. IL-23 induces autoimmune inflammation and thus may be responsible for autoimmune inflammatory diseases and may be important for tumorigenesis (By similarity).By similarity

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCytokine

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Interleukin-12 subunit beta
Short name:
IL-12B
Alternative name(s):
Cytotoxic lymphocyte maturation factor 40 kDa subunit
Short name:
CLMF p40
IL-12 subunit p40
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:IL12B
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMacaca mulatta (Rhesus macaque)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9544 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresPrimatesHaplorrhiniCatarrhiniCercopithecidaeCercopithecinaeMacaca
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006718 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Unplaced

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Secreted

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section denotes the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide.<p><a href='/help/signal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Signal peptidei1 – 22By similarityAdd BLAST22
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_000001093123 – 328Interleukin-12 subunit betaAdd BLAST306

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi50 ↔ 90PROSITE-ProRule annotation
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section specifies the position and type of each covalently attached glycan group (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide).<p><a href='/help/carbohyd' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Glycosylationi125N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Glycosylationi135N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1
Disulfide bondi199Interchain (with C-96 in IL12A)PROSITE-ProRule annotation
Glycosylationi222N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagineSequence analysis1

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Glycoprotein

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSMMUG00000021701, Expressed in colon and 9 other tissues

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Heterodimer with IL12A; disulfide-linked. The heterodimer is known as interleukin IL-12. Heterodimer with IL23A; disulfide-linked. The heterodimer is known as interleukin IL-23. Also secreted as a monomer (By similarity).

By similarity

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9544.ENSMMUP00000028574

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P48095

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini29 – 106Ig-like C2-typeAdd BLAST78
Domaini237 – 328Fibronectin type-IIIPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST92

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the IL-12B family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Immunoglobulin domain, Signal

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG502RZMA, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_071206_1_0_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P48095

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K05425

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
VAIWELK

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1179405at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF334829

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00063, FN3, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.60.40.10, 3 hits

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR003961, FN3_dom
IPR036116, FN3_sf
IPR003530, Hematopoietin_rcpt_L_F3_CS
IPR007110, Ig-like_dom
IPR036179, Ig-like_dom_sf
IPR013783, Ig-like_fold
IPR003598, Ig_sub2
IPR015528, IL-12_beta
IPR019482, IL-12_beta_cen-dom

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR23036:SF156, PTHR23036:SF156, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF10420, IL12p40_C, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF038007, IL_12_beta, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR01928, INTRLEUKN12B

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00408, IGc2, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF48726, SSF48726, 1 hit
SSF49265, SSF49265, 2 hits

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS50853, FN3, 1 hit
PS01354, HEMATOPO_REC_L_F3, 1 hit
PS50835, IG_LIKE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P48095-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MCHQQLVISW FSLVFLASPL MAIWELKKDV YVVELDWYPD APGEMVVLTC
60 70 80 90 100
DTPEEDGITW TLDQSGEVLG SGKTLTIQVK EFGDAGQYTC HKGGEALSHS
110 120 130 140 150
LLLLHKKEDG IWSTDVLKDQ KEPKNKTFLR CEAKNYSGRF TCWWLTTIST
160 170 180 190 200
DLTFSVKSSR GSSNPQGVTC GAVTLSAERV RGDNKEYEYS VECQEDSACP
210 220 230 240 250
AAEERLPIEV MVDAIHKLKY ENYTSSFFIR DIIKPDPPKN LQLKPLKNSR
260 270 280 290 300
QVEVSWEYPD TWSTPHSYFS LTFCIQVQGK SKREKKDRIF TDKTSATVIC
310 320
RKNASFSVQA QDRYYSSSWS EWASVPCS
Length:328
Mass (Da):37,273
Last modified:February 1, 1996 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iA46198AAC6D2746B
GO

Natural variant

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section describes natural variant(s) of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/variant' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Natural varianti106K → I. 1
Natural varianti206L → P. 1
Natural varianti218L → P. 1
Natural varianti289I → T. 1
Natural varianti295S → P. 1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U19841 mRNA Translation: AAB60397.1

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001038190.1, NM_001044725.1
XP_014996758.1, XM_015141272.1

Genome annotation databases

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
694747

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mcc:694747

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U19841 mRNA Translation: AAB60397.1
RefSeqiNP_001038190.1, NM_001044725.1
XP_014996758.1, XM_015141272.1

3D structure databases

SMRiP48095
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9544.ENSMMUP00000028574

Genome annotation databases

GeneIDi694747
KEGGimcc:694747

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
3593

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG502RZMA, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_071206_1_0_1
InParanoidiP48095
KOiK05425
OMAiVAIWELK
OrthoDBi1179405at2759
TreeFamiTF334829

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMMUG00000021701, Expressed in colon and 9 other tissues

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00063, FN3, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.60.40.10, 3 hits
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR003961, FN3_dom
IPR036116, FN3_sf
IPR003530, Hematopoietin_rcpt_L_F3_CS
IPR007110, Ig-like_dom
IPR036179, Ig-like_dom_sf
IPR013783, Ig-like_fold
IPR003598, Ig_sub2
IPR015528, IL-12_beta
IPR019482, IL-12_beta_cen-dom
PANTHERiPTHR23036:SF156, PTHR23036:SF156, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF10420, IL12p40_C, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF038007, IL_12_beta, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR01928, INTRLEUKN12B
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00408, IGc2, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF48726, SSF48726, 1 hit
SSF49265, SSF49265, 2 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS50853, FN3, 1 hit
PS01354, HEMATOPO_REC_L_F3, 1 hit
PS50835, IG_LIKE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiIL12B_MACMU
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P48095
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1996
Last sequence update: February 1, 1996
Last modified: October 7, 2020
This is version 139 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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