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Protein

Cyclin-D3-1

Gene

CYCD3-1

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Involved in the control of the cell cycle at the G1/S (start) transition. Activates the G1/S phase transition in response to cytokinin hormone signal, but declines in response to sucrose starvation leading to G1 arrest. Involved in the induction of mitotic cell division. Plays an important role in the switch from cell proliferation to the final stages of differentiation during plant development. May not be involved in the activation of cell cycle in the root apical meristem (RAM) in the early phase of seed germination. Promotes divisions in the guard cells (GCs) after the guard mother cells (GMC) symmetric division (PubMed:24687979).6 Publications

Miscellaneous

Plants overexpressing CYCD3-1 show extensive leaf curling, disorganized meristems, increased leaf number, late flowering and delayed senescence. CYCD3-1 is a highly unstable protein whose proteolysis is mediated by a proteasome-dependent pathway, and whose levels are highly dependent on the rate of protein synthesis.

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

  • cyclin-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase regulator activity Source: GO_Central
  • protein kinase binding Source: GO_Central

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCyclin
Biological processCell cycle, Cell division, Mitosis

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cyclin-D3-1
Alternative name(s):
Cyclin-delta-3
Short name:
Cyclin-d3
G1/S-specific cyclin-D3-1
Short name:
CycD3;1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CYCD3-1
Synonyms:CYCD3
Ordered Locus Names:At4g34160
ORF Names:F28A23.80
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliophytaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 4

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT4G34160

The Arabidopsis Information Resource

More...
TAIRi
locus:2124331 AT4G34160

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathology_and_biotech_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathology & Biotechi

Mutagenesis

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/pathology_and_biotech_section">'Pathology and Biotech'</a> section describes the effect of the experimental mutation of one or more amino acid(s) on the biological properties of the protein.<p><a href='/help/mutagen' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Mutagenesisi343S → A: Alteration of the cell cycle regulatory activity. 1 Publication1

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000804471 – 376Cyclin-D3-1Add BLAST376

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated.2 Publications

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P42753

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Highly expressed in roots and at lower levels in leaves and flowers. Expressed in vegetative shoot meristem and inflorescence.3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at the protein level’.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed 2 hours before the S phase and remains constant therafter.2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By cytokinin. Induction by cytokinin is blocked by auxin, but not by cycloheximide. Induced by sucrose and glucose. Induced by 24-epi-brassinolide. Down-regulated by sucrose starvation.5 Publications

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P42753 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P42753 AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with the C-terminal domain of CDKA-1. Interacts with KRP1/ICK1. Interacts with KRP6 (PubMed:23617622).5 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
CDKA-1P241005EBI-1253610,EBI-371713

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
14846, 14 interactors

The Eukaryotic Linear Motif resource for Functional Sites in Proteins

More...
ELMi
P42753

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P42753, 9 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT4G34160.1

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

Protein Model Portal of the PSI-Nature Structural Biology Knowledgebase

More...
ProteinModelPortali
P42753

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P42753

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the cyclin family. Cyclin D subfamily.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0656 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRKC LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000242458

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P42753

KEGG Orthology (KO)

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KOi
K14505

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
FLRRCES

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
EOG09360IA7

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P42753

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00043 CYCLIN, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR039361 Cyclin
IPR013763 Cyclin-like
IPR036915 Cyclin-like_sf
IPR004367 Cyclin_C-dom
IPR006671 Cyclin_N

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10177 PTHR10177, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02984 Cyclin_C, 1 hit
PF00134 Cyclin_N, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00385 CYCLIN, 2 hits
SM01332 Cyclin_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47954 SSF47954, 2 hits

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00292 CYCLINS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>.<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P42753-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAIRKEEESR EEQSNSFLLD ALYCEEEKWD DEGEEVEENS SLSSSSSPFV
60 70 80 90 100
VLQQDLFWED EDLVTLFSKE EEQGLSCLDD VYLSTDRKEA VGWILRVNAH
110 120 130 140 150
YGFSTLAAVL AITYLDKFIC SYSLQRDKPW MLQLVSVACL SLAAKVEETQ
160 170 180 190 200
VPLLLDFQVE ETKYVFEAKT IQRMELLILS TLEWKMHLIT PISFVDHIIR
210 220 230 240 250
RLGLKNNAHW DFLNKCHRLL LSVISDSRFV GYLPSVVAAA TMMRIIEQVD
260 270 280 290 300
PFDPLSYQTN LLGVLNLTKE KVKTCYDLIL QLPVDRIGLQ IQIQSSKKRK
310 320 330 340 350
SHDSSSSLNS PSCVIDANPF NSDESSNDSW SASSCNPPTS SSSPQQQPPL
360 370
KKMRGAEENE KKKPILHLPW AIVATP
Length:376
Mass (Da):42,702
Last modified:February 15, 2005 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFFC95F2B8031BEC2
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti288G → C in CAA58287 (PubMed:7696881).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X83371 mRNA Translation: CAA58287.1
AL021961 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA17556.1
AL161584 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB80133.1
CP002687 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE86335.1
AK221712 mRNA Translation: BAD95437.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
T05420

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_195142.1, NM_119579.3

UniGene gene-oriented nucleotide sequence clusters

More...
UniGenei
At.22721

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT4G34160.1; AT4G34160.1; AT4G34160

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
829564

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT4G34160.1; AT4G34160.1; AT4G34160

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT4G34160

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X83371 mRNA Translation: CAA58287.1
AL021961 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA17556.1
AL161584 Genomic DNA Translation: CAB80133.1
CP002687 Genomic DNA Translation: AEE86335.1
AK221712 mRNA Translation: BAD95437.1
PIRiT05420
RefSeqiNP_195142.1, NM_119579.3
UniGeneiAt.22721

3D structure databases

ProteinModelPortaliP42753
SMRiP42753
ModBaseiSearch...
MobiDBiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi14846, 14 interactors
ELMiP42753
IntActiP42753, 9 interactors
STRINGi3702.AT4G34160.1

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP42753

Protocols and materials databases

Structural Biology KnowledgebaseSearch...

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT4G34160.1; AT4G34160.1; AT4G34160
GeneIDi829564
GrameneiAT4G34160.1; AT4G34160.1; AT4G34160
KEGGiath:AT4G34160

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT4G34160
TAIRilocus:2124331 AT4G34160

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0656 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRKC LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000242458
InParanoidiP42753
KOiK14505
OMAiFLRRCES
OrthoDBiEOG09360IA7
PhylomeDBiP42753

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P42753

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP42753 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP42753 AT

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00043 CYCLIN, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR039361 Cyclin
IPR013763 Cyclin-like
IPR036915 Cyclin-like_sf
IPR004367 Cyclin_C-dom
IPR006671 Cyclin_N
PANTHERiPTHR10177 PTHR10177, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02984 Cyclin_C, 1 hit
PF00134 Cyclin_N, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00385 CYCLIN, 2 hits
SM01332 Cyclin_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47954 SSF47954, 2 hits
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00292 CYCLINS, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCCD31_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P42753
Secondary accession number(s): O49489, Q56XG2
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1995
Last sequence update: February 15, 2005
Last modified: November 7, 2018
This is version 137 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
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