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Entry version 141 (16 Oct 2019)
Sequence version 3 (15 Dec 1998)
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Protein

Cyclin-D2-1

Gene

CYCD2-1

Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Acts on the G1 phase of the cell cycle to control cell division rate in both shoot and root meristems. The complex formed with CDKA-1 phosphorylates plant retinoblastoma protein.2 Publications

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionCyclin
Biological processCell cycle, Cell division

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cyclin-D2-1
Alternative name(s):
Cyclin-delta-2
Short name:
Cyclin-d2
G1/S-specific cyclin-D2-1
Short name:
CycD2;1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CYCD2-1
Synonyms:CYCD2
Ordered Locus Names:At2g22490
ORF Names:F14M13.11
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiArabidopsis thaliana (Mouse-ear cress)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri3702 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaViridiplantaeStreptophytaEmbryophytaTracheophytaSpermatophytaMagnoliopsidaeudicotyledonsGunneridaePentapetalaerosidsmalvidsBrassicalesBrassicaceaeCamelineaeArabidopsis
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000006548 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Arabidopsis Information Portal

More...
Araporti
AT2G22490

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cell wall Cytoskeleton Vacuole Chloroplast Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertion Graphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000804461 – 361Cyclin-D2-1Add BLAST361

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P42752

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P42752

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed in roots and leaves.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at the protein level’.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed throughout the cell cycle.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By sucrose and glucose.2 Publications

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P42752 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P42752 AT

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts with KRP1/ICK1 and with the C-terminal domain of CDKA-1.

3 Publications

<p>This subsection of the '<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section%27">Interaction</a> section provides information about binary protein-protein interactions. The data presented in this section are a quality-filtered subset of binary interactions automatically derived from the <a href="http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact/">IntAct database</a>. It is updated on a monthly basis. Each binary interaction is displayed on a separate line.<p><a href='/help/binary_interactions' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Binary interactionsi

WithEntry#Exp.IntActNotes
CDKA-1P241004EBI-1253160,EBI-371713

GO - Molecular functioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

More...
BioGridi
2135, 30 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P42752, 29 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
3702.AT2G22490.2

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P42752

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the cyclin family. Cyclin D subfamily.Curated

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0656 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRKC LUCA

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000242458

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P42752

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K18810

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
VSRCYEM

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1234739at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P42752

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00043 CYCLIN, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR039361 Cyclin
IPR013763 Cyclin-like
IPR036915 Cyclin-like_sf
IPR004367 Cyclin_C-dom
IPR006671 Cyclin_N

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR10177 PTHR10177, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF02984 Cyclin_C, 1 hit
PF00134 Cyclin_N, 1 hit

PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database

More...
PIRSFi
PIRSF001771 Cyclin_A_B_D_E, 1 hit

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00385 CYCLIN, 1 hit
SM01332 Cyclin_C, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF47954 SSF47954, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00292 CYCLINS, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence (1+)i

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

This entry describes 1 <p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section lists the alternative protein sequences (isoforms) that can be generated from the same gene by a single or by the combination of up to four biological events (alternative promoter usage, alternative splicing, alternative initiation and ribosomal frameshifting). Additionally, this section gives relevant information on each alternative protein isoform.<p><a href='/help/alternative_products' target='_top'>More...</a></p> isoform i produced by alternative splicing. AlignAdd to basket
Note: A number of isoforms are produced. According to EST sequences.

This entry has 1 described isoform and 1 potential isoform that is computationally mapped.Show allAlign All

Isoform 1 (identifier: P42752-1) [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket

This isoform has been chosen as the <div> <p><b>What is the canonical sequence?</b><p><a href='/help/canonical_and_isoforms' target='_top'>More...</a></p>canonicali sequence. All positional information in this entry refers to it. This is also the sequence that appears in the downloadable versions of the entry.

« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MAENLACGET SESWIIDNDD DDINYGGGFT NEIDYNHQLF AKDDNFGGNG
60 70 80 90 100
SIPMMGSSSS SLSEDRIKEM LVREIEFCPG TDYVKRLLSG DLDLSVRNQA
110 120 130 140 150
LDWILKVCAH YHFGHLCICL SMNYLDRFLT SYELPKDKDW AAQLLAVSCL
160 170 180 190 200
SLASKMEETD VPHIVDLQVE DPKFVFEAKT IKRMELLVVT TLNWRLQALT
210 220 230 240 250
PFSFIDYFVD KISGHVSENL IYRSSRFILN TTKAIEFLDF RPSEIAAAAA
260 270 280 290 300
VSVSISGETE CIDEEKALSS LIYVKQERVK RCLNLMRSLT GEENVRGTSL
310 320 330 340 350
SQEQARVAVR AVPASPVGVL EATCLSYRSE ERTVESCTNS SQSSPDNNNN
360
NNNSNKRRRK Q
Length:361
Mass (Da):40,580
Last modified:December 15, 1998 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i6D6DDC767310ED2F
GO

<p>In eukaryotic reference proteomes, unreviewed entries that are likely to belong to the same gene are computationally mapped, based on gene identifiers from Ensembl, EnsemblGenomes and model organism databases.<p><a href='/help/gene_centric_isoform_mapping' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Computationally mapped potential isoform sequencesi

There is 1 potential isoform mapped to this entry.BLASTAlignShow allAdd to basket
EntryEntry nameProtein names
Gene namesLengthAnnotation
F4IJJ3F4IJJ3_ARATH
Cyclin D21
CYCD2:1 ATCYCD2:1, Cyclin D2:1, At2g22490, F14M13.11, F14M13_11
362Annotation score:

Annotation score:2 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Sequence’ section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti94L → S in BAF00198 (Ref. 6) Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X83370 mRNA Translation: CAA58286.1
AC006592 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD22352.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07313.1
BT025242 mRNA Translation: ABF18995.1
AK228250 mRNA Translation: BAF00198.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
C84613

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_179835.1, NM_127815.4 [P42752-1]

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl plant genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblPlantsi
AT2G22490.1; AT2G22490.1; AT2G22490 [P42752-1]

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
816782

Gramene; a comparative resource for plants

More...
Gramenei
AT2G22490.1; AT2G22490.1; AT2G22490 [P42752-1]

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
ath:AT2G22490

Keywords - Coding sequence diversityi

Alternative splicing

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X83370 mRNA Translation: CAA58286.1
AC006592 Genomic DNA Translation: AAD22352.1
CP002685 Genomic DNA Translation: AEC07313.1
BT025242 mRNA Translation: ABF18995.1
AK228250 mRNA Translation: BAF00198.1
PIRiC84613
RefSeqiNP_179835.1, NM_127815.4 [P42752-1]

3D structure databases

SMRiP42752
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi2135, 30 interactors
IntActiP42752, 29 interactors
STRINGi3702.AT2G22490.2

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP42752
PRIDEiP42752

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblPlantsiAT2G22490.1; AT2G22490.1; AT2G22490 [P42752-1]
GeneIDi816782
GrameneiAT2G22490.1; AT2G22490.1; AT2G22490 [P42752-1]
KEGGiath:AT2G22490

Organism-specific databases

AraportiAT2G22490

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0656 Eukaryota
ENOG410XRKC LUCA
HOGENOMiHOG000242458
InParanoidiP42752
KOiK18810
OMAiVSRCYEM
OrthoDBi1234739at2759
PhylomeDBiP42752

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P42752

Gene expression databases

ExpressionAtlasiP42752 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP42752 AT

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00043 CYCLIN, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR039361 Cyclin
IPR013763 Cyclin-like
IPR036915 Cyclin-like_sf
IPR004367 Cyclin_C-dom
IPR006671 Cyclin_N
PANTHERiPTHR10177 PTHR10177, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF02984 Cyclin_C, 1 hit
PF00134 Cyclin_N, 1 hit
PIRSFiPIRSF001771 Cyclin_A_B_D_E, 1 hit
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00385 CYCLIN, 1 hit
SM01332 Cyclin_C, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF47954 SSF47954, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00292 CYCLINS, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCCD21_ARATH
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P42752
Secondary accession number(s): Q0WRQ1, Q1LYY4
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1995
Last sequence update: December 15, 1998
Last modified: October 16, 2019
This is version 141 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programPlant Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Complete proteome, Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. Arabidopsis thaliana
    Arabidopsis thaliana: entries and gene names
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