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Entry version 134 (02 Dec 2020)
Sequence version 3 (23 Jan 2007)
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Protein

Gap junction alpha-3 protein

Gene

GJA3

Organism
Bos taurus (Bovine)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Structural component of lens fiber gap junctions (PubMed:8088962). Gap junctions are dodecameric channels that connect the cytoplasm of adjoining cells. They are formed by the docking of two hexameric hemichannels, one from each cell membrane (By similarity). Small molecules and ions diffuse from one cell to a neighboring cell via the central pore (PubMed:8088962).By similarity1 Publication

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-BTA-190861, Gap junction assembly

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Gap junction alpha-3 protein
Alternative name(s):
Connexin-44
Short name:
Cx44
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GJA3
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiBos taurus (Bovine)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri9913 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaLaurasiatheriaArtiodactylaRuminantiaPecoraBovidaeBovinaeBos
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000009136 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 12

Organism-specific databases

Vertebrate Gene Nomenclature Database

More...
VGNCi
VGNC:29372, GJA3

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a region that is buried within a membrane, but does not cross it.<p><a href='/help/intramem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Intramembranei2 – 15By similarityAdd BLAST14
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the subcellular compartment where each non-membrane region of a membrane-spanning protein is found.<p><a href='/help/topo_dom' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Topological domaini16 – 19CytoplasmicCurated4
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei20 – 40HelicalBy similarityAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini41 – 71ExtracellularCuratedAdd BLAST31
Transmembranei72 – 92HelicalBy similarityAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini93 – 148CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST56
Transmembranei149 – 169HelicalBy similarityAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini170 – 197ExtracellularCuratedAdd BLAST28
Transmembranei198 – 218HelicalBy similarityAdd BLAST21
Topological domaini219 – 407CytoplasmicCuratedAdd BLAST189

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywords - Cellular componenti

Cell junction, Cell membrane, Gap junction, Membrane

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM / Processing</a> section indicates that the initiator methionine is cleaved from the mature protein.<p><a href='/help/init_met' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Initiator methionineiRemovedBy similarity
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000578092 – 407Gap junction alpha-3 proteinAdd BLAST406

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the PTM / Processing":/help/ptm_processing_section section describes the positions of cysteine residues participating in disulfide bonds.<p><a href='/help/disulfid' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Disulfide bondi54 ↔ 188By similarity
Disulfide bondi61 ↔ 182By similarity
Disulfide bondi65 ↔ 177By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm%5Fprocessing%5Fsection">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated on multiple threonine and serine residues. Phosphorylation may have a role in assembling connexins into connexons and gap junctional plaques, as well as channel gating.

Keywords - PTMi

Disulfide bond, Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P41987

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P41987

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P41987

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at protein level'.<br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Only detected in the lens.1 Publication

<p>This subsection of the 'Expression' section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified 'at the protein level'.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Higher expression in pre-natal (1-5 months gestation) than in postnatal (4-6 months) calf lens.1 Publication

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSBTAG00000020400, Expressed in heart and 1 other tissue

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction%5Fsection">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

A hemichannel or connexon is composed of a hexamer of connexins. A functional gap junction is formed by the apposition of two hemichannels (By similarity). Forms heteromeric channels with GJA8 (By similarity).

By similarity

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
9913.ENSBTAP00000027188

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P41987

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
ENOG502QUKJ, Eukaryota

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT01000000214527

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_037388_0_1_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P41987

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
NWANREA

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
969321at2759

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF329606

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
1.20.1440.80, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR000500, Connexin
IPR002262, Connexin46
IPR034634, Connexin_C
IPR019570, Connexin_CCC
IPR017990, Connexin_CS
IPR013092, Connexin_N
IPR038359, Connexin_N_sf

The PANTHER Classification System

More...
PANTHERi
PTHR11984, PTHR11984, 1 hit
PTHR11984:SF12, PTHR11984:SF12, 1 hit

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00029, Connexin, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00206, CONNEXIN
PR01133, CONNEXINA3

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00037, CNX, 1 hit
SM01089, Connexin_CCC, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF118220, SSF118220, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00407, CONNEXINS_1, 1 hit
PS00408, CONNEXINS_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is in its mature form or if it represents the precursor.<p><a href='/help/sequence_processing' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence processingi: The displayed sequence is further processed into a mature form.

P41987-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MGDWSFLGRL LENAQEHSTV IGKVWLTVLF IFRILVLGAA AEEVWGDEQS
60 70 80 90 100
DFTCNTQQPG CENVCYDRAF PISHVRFWVL QIIFVSTPTL IYLGHVLHLV
110 120 130 140 150
RMEEKRKERE EEPPKAAGPE GHQDPAPVRD DRGKVRIAGA LLRTYVFNII
160 170 180 190 200
FKTLFEVGFI AGQYFLYGFQ LKPLYRCDRW PCPNTVDCFI SRPTEKTIFI
210 220 230 240 250
LFMLAVACVS LLLNVLEIYH LGWKKLKQGM TSPFRPDTPG SRAGSVKPVG
260 270 280 290 300
GSPLLLPPNS APPAVTIGFP PYYAPSASSL GQASAPGYPE PPPPAALPGT
310 320 330 340 350
PGTPGGGGNQ GLRARAQNWA NREAEPQTSS RKASPPAPTP PAAESPGGGP
360 370 380 390 400
QQSLPEGAAG SSGDSDGEGA VTAVELHAPP EPPADPGRSS KASKSSGGRA

RAGDLAI
Length:407
Mass (Da):43,611
Last modified:January 23, 2007 - v3
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i24E705B8A9BF0053
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
U08213 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA50954.2

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
I46053

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_001159768.1, NM_001166296.1
XP_005213817.1, XM_005213760.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSBTAT00000027188; ENSBTAP00000027188; ENSBTAG00000020400

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
100140301

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
bta:100140301

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
U08213 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA50954.2
PIRiI46053
RefSeqiNP_001159768.1, NM_001166296.1
XP_005213817.1, XM_005213760.3

3D structure databases

SMRiP41987
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

STRINGi9913.ENSBTAP00000027188

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP41987

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP41987
PRIDEiP41987

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSBTAT00000027188; ENSBTAP00000027188; ENSBTAG00000020400
GeneIDi100140301
KEGGibta:100140301

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
2700
VGNCiVGNC:29372, GJA3

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiENOG502QUKJ, Eukaryota
GeneTreeiENSGT01000000214527
HOGENOMiCLU_037388_0_1_1
InParanoidiP41987
OMAiNWANREA
OrthoDBi969321at2759
TreeFamiTF329606

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-BTA-190861, Gap junction assembly

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSBTAG00000020400, Expressed in heart and 1 other tissue

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di1.20.1440.80, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR000500, Connexin
IPR002262, Connexin46
IPR034634, Connexin_C
IPR019570, Connexin_CCC
IPR017990, Connexin_CS
IPR013092, Connexin_N
IPR038359, Connexin_N_sf
PANTHERiPTHR11984, PTHR11984, 1 hit
PTHR11984:SF12, PTHR11984:SF12, 1 hit
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00029, Connexin, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00206, CONNEXIN
PR01133, CONNEXINA3
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00037, CNX, 1 hit
SM01089, Connexin_CCC, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF118220, SSF118220, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00407, CONNEXINS_1, 1 hit
PS00408, CONNEXINS_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCXA3_BOVIN
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P41987
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: November 1, 1995
Last sequence update: January 23, 2007
Last modified: December 2, 2020
This is version 134 of the entry and version 3 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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