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Entry version 99 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Feb 1995)
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Protein

Bifunctional protein GAL10

Gene

GAL10

Organism
Pachysolen tannophilus (Yeast)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at transcript leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Mutarotase converts alpha-aldose to the beta-anomer. It is active on D-glucose, L-arabinose, D-xylose, D-galactose, maltose and lactose (By similarity).By similarity

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes the catalytic activity of an enzyme, i.e. a chemical reaction that the enzyme catalyzes.<p><a href='/help/catalytic_activity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Catalytic activityi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Function’ section provides information relevant to cofactors. A cofactor is any non-protein substance required for a protein to be catalytically active. Some cofactors are inorganic, such as the metal atoms zinc, iron, and copper in various oxidation states. Others, such as most vitamins, are organic.<p><a href='/help/cofactor' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cofactori

NAD+

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section describes the metabolic pathway(s) associated with a protein.<p><a href='/help/pathway' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Pathwayi: galactose metabolism

This protein is involved in the pathway galactose metabolism, which is part of Carbohydrate metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway galactose metabolism and in Carbohydrate metabolism.

Pathwayi: hexose metabolism

This protein is involved in the pathway hexose metabolism, which is part of Carbohydrate metabolism.
View all proteins of this organism that are known to be involved in the pathway hexose metabolism and in Carbohydrate metabolism.

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section is used for enzymes and indicates the residues directly involved in catalysis.<p><a href='/help/act_site' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Active sitei534For mutarotase activitySequence analysis1

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always involves more than one amino acid and includes all residues involved in nucleotide-binding.<p><a href='/help/np_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Nucleotide bindingi3 – 34NADSequence analysisAdd BLAST32

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionIsomerase, Multifunctional enzyme
Biological processCarbohydrate metabolism, Galactose metabolism
LigandNAD

Enzyme and pathway databases

BRENDA Comprehensive Enzyme Information System

More...
BRENDAi
5.1.3.2 4482

UniPathway: a resource for the exploration and annotation of metabolic pathways

More...
UniPathwayi
UPA00214
UPA00242

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Bifunctional protein GAL10
Including the following 2 domains:
UDP-glucose 4-epimerase (EC:5.1.3.2)
Alternative name(s):
Galactowaldenase
Aldose 1-epimerase (EC:5.1.3.3)
Alternative name(s):
Galactose mutarotase
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:GAL10
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiPachysolen tannophilus (Yeast)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri4918 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesSaccharomycetaceaePachysolen

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001974401 – 689Bifunctional protein GAL10Add BLAST689

Proteomic databases

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P40801

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section reports the experimentally proven effects of inducers and repressors (usually chemical compounds or environmental factors) on the level of protein (or mRNA) expression (up-regulation, down-regulation, constitutive expression).<p><a href='/help/induction' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Inductioni

By xylose.

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P40801

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Region

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes a region of interest that cannot be described in other subsections.<p><a href='/help/region' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Regioni1 – 345GalactowaldenaseAdd BLAST345
Regioni346 – 689MutarotaseAdd BLAST344

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

In the N-terminal section; belongs to the NAD(P)-dependent epimerase/dehydratase family.Curated
In the C-terminal section; belongs to the aldose epimerase family.Curated

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd05247 UDP_G4E_1_SDR_e, 1 hit

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
2.70.98.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR018052 Ald1_epimerase_CS
IPR008183 Aldose_1/G6P_1-epimerase
IPR011013 Gal_mutarotase_sf_dom
IPR014718 GH-type_carb-bd
IPR016040 NAD(P)-bd_dom
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR005886 UDP_G4E

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF01263 Aldose_epim, 1 hit
PF16363 GDP_Man_Dehyd, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF74650 SSF74650, 1 hit

TIGRFAMs; a protein family database

More...
TIGRFAMsi
TIGR01179 galE, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00545 ALDOSE_1_EPIMERASE, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P40801-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MSYILVTGGA GYIGSHTVVE LVNNGYNVVV VDNLVNSSYD VIVRIEVLTR
60 70 80 90 100
KQIPFFKIDL NDHDALDQVF KLYPIQAVLH FAALKAVGES TKFPLNYYSN
110 120 130 140 150
NVGGAISLLK VMEENNVKNI VFSSSATVYG DATRFENMIP IPEHCPTGPT
160 170 180 190 200
NPYGETKITI ENIIRDVYAN DKSWKCAILR YFNPIGAHPS GLIGEDPLGI
210 220 230 240 250
PNNLLPFLAQ VAIGRREKLS VFGSDYNSKD GTPIRDYIHV IDLAKGHIAA
260 270 280 290 300
LNYLFNHKDN GLCREWNLGT GNGSTVFEVF NAFCEAVGKK LPFEVVGRRD
310 320 330 340 350
GDVLNLTANP KRANTELKWK AQLSINDACK DLWNWTTKNP FGFQINNYSW
360 370 380 390 400
TKFDSESLTN YDRLNTVRTF NGKFEVSISN HGATIVAAKL NGIKLNLGFD
410 420 430 440 450
NLKGYLREDN PFFGATIGRV ANRISKGDLL INGTHYQVGL NELHRTSLHG
460 470 480 490 500
GTYGYNKRTF LGPIVKTNEK EKETTMEFVL IDLDGTEGYP GDVETKVIYT
510 520 530 540 550
VRDTGVGGEL GIEYEAKLLE ESGRDSTAVS LTNHSYWNIG NQPSIEGTHI
560 570 580 590 600
KLVSNKHLES NPLDSTPTGK IVTSTDLDSQ NSAKLGPDGP VFDYCFVTKQ
610 620 630 640 650
QDKLDTRNDE LRVVATATHP KTRIAFTTLT TEPAFQFYTG DGVDVAGVFT
660 670 680
KRSGFCLEAS RYIYNPKWFI PLNKGEVYGS YTIYRFENF
Length:689
Mass (Da):76,671
Last modified:February 1, 1995 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i80C8A08262D3ED36
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
X68593 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA48580.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S29621

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
X68593 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA48580.1
PIRiS29621

3D structure databases

SMRiP40801
ModBaseiSearch...

Proteomic databases

PRIDEiP40801

Enzyme and pathway databases

UniPathwayiUPA00214
UPA00242
BRENDAi5.1.3.2 4482

Family and domain databases

CDDicd05247 UDP_G4E_1_SDR_e, 1 hit
Gene3Di2.70.98.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR018052 Ald1_epimerase_CS
IPR008183 Aldose_1/G6P_1-epimerase
IPR011013 Gal_mutarotase_sf_dom
IPR014718 GH-type_carb-bd
IPR016040 NAD(P)-bd_dom
IPR036291 NAD(P)-bd_dom_sf
IPR005886 UDP_G4E
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF01263 Aldose_epim, 1 hit
PF16363 GDP_Man_Dehyd, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF51735 SSF51735, 1 hit
SSF74650 SSF74650, 1 hit
TIGRFAMsiTIGR01179 galE, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00545 ALDOSE_1_EPIMERASE, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiGAL10_PACTA
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P40801
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1995
Last sequence update: February 1, 1995
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 99 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Documents

  1. PATHWAY comments
    Index of metabolic and biosynthesis pathways
  2. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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