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Entry version 148 (11 Dec 2019)
Sequence version 1 (01 Feb 1995)
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Protein

Homeobox protein DLX-2

Gene

Dlx2

Organism
Mus musculus (Mouse)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:5 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the ‘correct annotation’ for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the ‘protein existence’ evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Acts as a transcriptional activator (PubMed:21875655). Plays a role in terminal differentiation of interneurons, such as amacrine and bipolar cells in the developing retina (PubMed:21875655). Likely to play a regulatory role in the development of the ventral forebrain (PubMed:1678612). May play a role in craniofacial patterning and morphogenesis (PubMed:1678612).2 Publications

Regions

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">Function</a> section specifies the position and type of each DNA-binding domain present within the protein.<p><a href='/help/dna_bind' target='_top'>More...</a></p>DNA bindingi155 – 214HomeoboxPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST60

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Molecular functionActivator, Developmental protein, DNA-binding
Biological processDifferentiation, Transcription, Transcription regulation

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Homeobox protein DLX-2
Alternative name(s):
Homeobox protein TES-1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: ‘Name’, ‘Synonyms’, ‘Ordered locus names’ and ‘ORF names’.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:Dlx2
Synonyms:Tes-1, Tes1
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiMus musculus (Mouse)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the ‘taxonomic identifier’ or ‘taxid’.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri10090 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaMetazoaChordataCraniataVertebrataEuteleostomiMammaliaEutheriaEuarchontogliresGliresRodentiaMyomorphaMuroideaMuridaeMurinaeMusMus
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names_and_taxonomy_section">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000000589 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome</a> can consist of several components. <br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome 2

Organism-specific databases

Mouse genome database (MGD) from Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI)

More...
MGIi
MGI:94902 Dlx2

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte & Seán O’Donoghue; Source: COMPARTMENTS

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Nucleus

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00000490241 – 332Homeobox protein DLX-2Add BLAST332

Amino acid modifications

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘PTM / Processing’ section specifies the position and type of each modified residue excluding <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/lipid">lipids</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/carbohyd">glycans</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/crosslnk">protein cross-links</a>.<p><a href='/help/mod_res' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Modified residuei235PhosphoserineBy similarity1

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/ptm_processing_section">PTM/processing</a> section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs). This subsection <strong>complements</strong> the information provided at the sequence level or describes modifications for which <strong>position-specific data is not yet available</strong>.<p><a href='/help/post-translational_modification' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Post-translational modificationi

Phosphorylated by serine/threonine kinases.

Keywords - PTMi

Phosphoprotein

Proteomic databases

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P40764

PeptideAtlas

More...
PeptideAtlasi
P40764

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P40764

PTM databases

iPTMnet integrated resource for PTMs in systems biology context

More...
iPTMneti
P40764

Comprehensive resource for the study of protein post-translational modifications (PTMs) in human, mouse and rat.

More...
PhosphoSitePlusi
P40764

<p>This section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms.<p><a href='/help/expression_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Expressioni

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of a gene at the mRNA or protein level in cells or in tissues of multicellular organisms. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at protein level’. <br></br>Examples: <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P92958#expression">P92958</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q8TDN4#expression">Q8TDN4</a>, <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O14734#expression">O14734</a><p><a href='/help/tissue_specificity' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Tissue specificityi

Expressed only in neural and other ectodermal structures of the head: the brain, the vomeronasal organ, and the preameloblasts of the teeth (PubMed:8098616). Primarily expressed in the germinal cells of the ventral forebrain in the midgestational embryo, and in both dorsal and ventral ventricular zones in late embryogenesis and early postnatal life (PubMed:8098616). Expressed in the inner nuclear layer of the retina (PubMed:21875655).2 Publications

<p>This subsection of the ‘Expression’ section provides information on the expression of the gene product at various stages of a cell, tissue or organism development. By default, the information is derived from experiments at the mRNA level, unless specified ‘at the protein level’.<p><a href='/help/developmental_stage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Developmental stagei

Expressed in developing retinal progenitor cells at 12 dpc (PubMed:21875655). Developmentally regulated (PubMed:1678612, PubMed:1687503).3 Publications

Gene expression databases

Bgee dataBase for Gene Expression Evolution

More...
Bgeei
ENSMUSG00000023391 Expressed in 219 organ(s), highest expression level in ganglionic eminence

ExpressionAtlas, Differential and Baseline Expression

More...
ExpressionAtlasi
P40764 baseline and differential

Genevisible search portal to normalized and curated expression data from Genevestigator

More...
Genevisiblei
P40764 MM

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/interaction_section">'Interaction'</a> section provides information about the protein quaternary structure and interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes (with the exception of physiological receptor-ligand interactions which are annotated in the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function_section">'Function'</a> section).<p><a href='/help/subunit_structure' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subunit structurei

Interacts (via homeobox DNA-binding domain) with POU4F2; this interaction enhances retinal ganglion cell (RGC) differentiation (PubMed:21875655).

1 Publication

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGrid)

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BioGridi
199235, 4 interactors

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
10090.ENSMUSP00000024159

Miscellaneous databases

RNAct, Protein-RNA interaction predictions for model organisms.

More...
RNActi
P40764 protein

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P40764

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Compositional bias

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and Domains’ section describes the position of regions of compositional bias within the protein and the particular amino acids that are over-represented within those regions.<p><a href='/help/compbias' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Compositional biasi41 – 49Poly-Ser9
Compositional biasi78 – 83Poly-Gly6
Compositional biasi254 – 265Poly-GlyAdd BLAST12
Compositional biasi311 – 319Poly-His9

<p>This subsection of the ‘Family and domains’ section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the distal-less homeobox family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Homeobox

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

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eggNOGi
KOG0850 Eukaryota
ENOG410ZHZR LUCA

Ensembl GeneTree

More...
GeneTreei
ENSGT00940000160127

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
HOG000231940

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P40764

KEGG Orthology (KO)

More...
KOi
K18488

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

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OMAi
QTQRMNS

Database of Orthologous Groups

More...
OrthoDBi
1416398at2759

Database for complete collections of gene phylogenies

More...
PhylomeDBi
P40764

TreeFam database of animal gene trees

More...
TreeFami
TF350606

Family and domain databases

Conserved Domains Database

More...
CDDi
cd00086 homeodomain, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR022135 Distal-less_N
IPR009057 Homeobox-like_sf
IPR017970 Homeobox_CS
IPR001356 Homeobox_dom
IPR020479 Homeobox_metazoa
IPR000047 HTH_motif

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF12413 DLL_N, 1 hit
PF00046 Homeodomain, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00024 HOMEOBOX
PR00031 HTHREPRESSR

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM00389 HOX, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF46689 SSF46689, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00027 HOMEOBOX_1, 1 hit
PS50071 HOMEOBOX_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence_length">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences_section">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P40764-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MTGVFDSLVA DMHSTQITAS STYHQHQQPP SGAGAGPGGN SNSSSSNSSL
60 70 80 90 100
HKPQESPTLP VSTATDSSYY TNQQHPAGGG GGGASPYAHM GSYQYHASGL
110 120 130 140 150
NNVSYSAKSS YDLGYTAAYT SYAPYGTSSS PVNNEPDKED LEPEIRIVNG
160 170 180 190 200
KPKKVRKPRT IYSSFQLAAL QRRFQKTQYL ALPERAELAA SLGLTQTQVK
210 220 230 240 250
IWFQNRRSKF KKMWKSGEIP TEQHPGASAS PPCASPPVSA PASWDFGAPQ
260 270 280 290 300
RMAGGGPGSG GGGAGSSGSS PSSAASAFLG NYPWYHQASG SASHLQATAP
310 320 330
LLHPSQTPQA HHHHHHHHHA GGGAPVSAGT IF
Length:332
Mass (Da):34,746
Last modified:February 1, 1995 - v1
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:iFEC8483D1CAA71EA
GO

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

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EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

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GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
M80540 mRNA Translation: AAA40412.1
M83184 mRNA Translation: AAA18487.1
U51002 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB40901.1

The Consensus CDS (CCDS) project

More...
CCDSi
CCDS16117.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
A45581
JH0465

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_034184.1, NM_010054.2

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl eukaryotic genome annotation project

More...
Ensembli
ENSMUST00000024159; ENSMUSP00000024159; ENSMUSG00000023391

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
13392

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
mmu:13392

UCSC genome browser

More...
UCSCi
uc008kax.2 mouse

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
M80540 mRNA Translation: AAA40412.1
M83184 mRNA Translation: AAA18487.1
U51002 Genomic DNA Translation: AAB40901.1
CCDSiCCDS16117.1
PIRiA45581
JH0465
RefSeqiNP_034184.1, NM_010054.2

3D structure databases

SMRiP40764
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGridi199235, 4 interactors
STRINGi10090.ENSMUSP00000024159

PTM databases

iPTMnetiP40764
PhosphoSitePlusiP40764

Proteomic databases

PaxDbiP40764
PeptideAtlasiP40764
PRIDEiP40764

Genome annotation databases

EnsembliENSMUST00000024159; ENSMUSP00000024159; ENSMUSG00000023391
GeneIDi13392
KEGGimmu:13392
UCSCiuc008kax.2 mouse

Organism-specific databases

Comparative Toxicogenomics Database

More...
CTDi
1746
MGIiMGI:94902 Dlx2

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0850 Eukaryota
ENOG410ZHZR LUCA
GeneTreeiENSGT00940000160127
HOGENOMiHOG000231940
InParanoidiP40764
KOiK18488
OMAiQTQRMNS
OrthoDBi1416398at2759
PhylomeDBiP40764
TreeFamiTF350606

Miscellaneous databases

ChiTaRS: a database of human, mouse and fruit fly chimeric transcripts and RNA-sequencing data

More...
ChiTaRSi
Tes mouse

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P40764
RNActiP40764 protein

The Stanford Online Universal Resource for Clones and ESTs

More...
SOURCEi
Search...

Gene expression databases

BgeeiENSMUSG00000023391 Expressed in 219 organ(s), highest expression level in ganglionic eminence
ExpressionAtlasiP40764 baseline and differential
GenevisibleiP40764 MM

Family and domain databases

CDDicd00086 homeodomain, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR022135 Distal-less_N
IPR009057 Homeobox-like_sf
IPR017970 Homeobox_CS
IPR001356 Homeobox_dom
IPR020479 Homeobox_metazoa
IPR000047 HTH_motif
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF12413 DLL_N, 1 hit
PF00046 Homeodomain, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00024 HOMEOBOX
PR00031 HTHREPRESSR
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM00389 HOX, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF46689 SSF46689, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00027 HOMEOBOX_1, 1 hit
PS50071 HOMEOBOX_2, 1 hit

ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins

More...
ProtoNeti
Search...

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiDLX2_MOUSE
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called ‘Primary (citable) accession number’.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P40764
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification (‘Last modified’). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical_and_isoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1995
Last sequence update: February 1, 1995
Last modified: December 11, 2019
This is version 148 of the entry and version 1 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the ‘Entry information’ section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programChordata Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn’t fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
  2. MGD cross-references
    Mouse Genome Database (MGD) cross-references in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
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