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Entry version 167 (02 Jun 2021)
Sequence version 2 (01 Oct 1996)
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Protein

Cytochrome b5

Gene

CYB5

Organism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
Status
Reviewed-Annotation score:

Annotation score:4 out of 5

<p>The annotation score provides a heuristic measure of the annotation content of a UniProtKB entry or proteome. This score <strong>cannot</strong> be used as a measure of the accuracy of the annotation as we cannot define the 'correct annotation' for any given protein.<p><a href='/help/annotation_score' target='_top'>More...</a></p>
-Experimental evidence at protein leveli <p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed.<p><a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More...</a></p>

<p>This section provides any useful information about the protein, mostly biological knowledge.<p><a href='/help/function_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Functioni

Membrane bound hemoprotein which function as an electron carrier for several membrane bound oxygenases. It plays a role in fatty-acid desaturation and is also involved in several steps of the sterol biosynthesis pathway, particularly in the 4-demethylation of the 4,4'-dimethyl zymosterol.

Miscellaneous

Present with 5390 molecules/cell in log phase SD medium.1 Publication

Sites

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/function%5Fsection">Function</a> section indicates at which position the protein binds a given metal ion. The nature of the metal is indicated in the 'Description' field.<p><a href='/help/metal' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Metal bindingi37Iron (heme axial ligand)PROSITE-ProRule annotation1
Metal bindingi61Iron (heme axial ligand)PROSITE-ProRule annotation1

<p>The <a href="http://www.geneontology.org/">Gene Ontology (GO)</a> project provides a set of hierarchical controlled vocabulary split into 3 categories:<p><a href='/help/gene_ontology' target='_top'>More...</a></p>GO - Molecular functioni

GO - Biological processi

<p>UniProtKB Keywords constitute a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/keywords">controlled vocabulary</a> with a hierarchical structure. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.<p><a href='/help/keywords' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Keywordsi

Biological processElectron transport, Transport
LigandHeme, Iron, Metal-binding

Enzyme and pathway databases

Reactome - a knowledgebase of biological pathways and processes

More...
Reactomei
R-SCE-196836, Vitamin C (ascorbate) metabolism
R-SCE-9609523, Insertion of tail-anchored proteins into the endoplasmic reticulum membrane

SABIO-RK: Biochemical Reaction Kinetics Database

More...
SABIO-RKi
P40312

<p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/names_and_taxonomy_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Names & Taxonomyi

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.<p><a href='/help/protein_names' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Protein namesi
Recommended name:
Cytochrome b5
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.<p><a href='/help/gene_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Gene namesi
Name:CYB5
Ordered Locus Names:YNL111C
ORF Names:N1949
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.<p><a href='/help/organism-name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>OrganismiSaccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_identifier' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic identifieri559292 [NCBI]
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.<p><a href='/help/taxonomic_lineage' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Taxonomic lineageiEukaryotaFungiDikaryaAscomycotaSaccharomycotinaSaccharomycetesSaccharomycetalesSaccharomycetaceaeSaccharomyces
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand%5Ftaxonomy%5Fsection">Names and taxonomy</a> section is present for entries that are part of a <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/proteomes">proteome</a>, i.e. of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.<p><a href='/help/proteomes_manual' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Proteomesi
  • UP000002311 <p>A UniProt <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes%5Fmanual">proteome</a> can consist of several components.<br></br>The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.<p><a href='/help/proteome_component' target='_top'>More...</a></p> Componenti: Chromosome XIV

Organism-specific databases

Saccharomyces Genome Database

More...
SGDi
S000005055, CYB5

Eukaryotic Pathogen, Vector and Host Database Resources

More...
VEuPathDBi
FungiDB:YNL111C

<p>This section provides information on the location and the topology of the mature protein in the cell.<p><a href='/help/subcellular_location_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Subcellular locationi

Topology

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/subcellular%5Flocation%5Fsection">'Subcellular location'</a> section describes the extent of a membrane-spanning region of the protein. It denotes the presence of both alpha-helical transmembrane regions and the membrane spanning regions of beta-barrel transmembrane proteins.<p><a href='/help/transmem' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Transmembranei98 – 118HelicalSequence analysisAdd BLAST21

Keywords - Cellular componenti

Endoplasmic reticulum, Membrane, Microsome

<p>This section describes post-translational modifications (PTMs) and/or processing events.<p><a href='/help/ptm_processing_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>PTM / Processingi

Molecule processing

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'PTM / Processing' section describes the extent of a polypeptide chain in the mature protein following processing or proteolytic cleavage.<p><a href='/help/chain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>ChainiPRO_00001660351 – 120Cytochrome b5Add BLAST120

Proteomic databases

MaxQB - The MaxQuant DataBase

More...
MaxQBi
P40312

PaxDb, a database of protein abundance averages across all three domains of life

More...
PaxDbi
P40312

PRoteomics IDEntifications database

More...
PRIDEi
P40312

Consortium for Top Down Proteomics

More...
TopDownProteomicsi
P40312

<p>This section provides information on the quaternary structure of a protein and on interaction(s) with other proteins or protein complexes.<p><a href='/help/interaction_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Interactioni

Protein-protein interaction databases

The Biological General Repository for Interaction Datasets (BioGRID)

More...
BioGRIDi
35714, 168 interactors

Protein interaction database and analysis system

More...
IntActi
P40312, 4 interactors

Molecular INTeraction database

More...
MINTi
P40312

STRING: functional protein association networks

More...
STRINGi
4932.YNL111C

Miscellaneous databases

RNAct, Protein-RNA interaction predictions for model organisms.

More...
RNActi
P40312, protein

<p>This section provides information on the tertiary and secondary structure of a protein.<p><a href='/help/structure_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Structurei

3D structure databases

SWISS-MODEL Repository - a database of annotated 3D protein structure models

More...
SMRi
P40312

Database of comparative protein structure models

More...
ModBasei
Search...

<p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.<p><a href='/help/family_and_domains_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Family & Domainsi

Domains and Repeats

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/family%5Fand%5Fdomains%5Fsection">Family and Domains</a> section describes the position and type of a domain, which is defined as a specific combination of secondary structures organized into a characteristic three-dimensional structure or fold.<p><a href='/help/domain' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Domaini2 – 78Cytochrome b5 heme-bindingPROSITE-ProRule annotationAdd BLAST77

<p>This subsection of the 'Family and domains' section provides information about the sequence similarity with other proteins.<p><a href='/help/sequence_similarities' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence similaritiesi

Belongs to the cytochrome b5 family.Curated

Keywords - Domaini

Transmembrane, Transmembrane helix

Phylogenomic databases

evolutionary genealogy of genes: Non-supervised Orthologous Groups

More...
eggNOGi
KOG0537, Eukaryota

The HOGENOM Database of Homologous Genes from Fully Sequenced Organisms

More...
HOGENOMi
CLU_102602_3_2_1

InParanoid: Eukaryotic Ortholog Groups

More...
InParanoidi
P40312

Identification of Orthologs from Complete Genome Data

More...
OMAi
MESVRYW

Family and domain databases

Gene3D Structural and Functional Annotation of Protein Families

More...
Gene3Di
3.10.120.10, 1 hit

Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites

More...
InterProi
View protein in InterPro
IPR001199, Cyt_B5-like_heme/steroid-bd
IPR036400, Cyt_B5-like_heme/steroid_sf
IPR018506, Cyt_B5_heme-BS

Pfam protein domain database

More...
Pfami
View protein in Pfam
PF00173, Cyt-b5, 1 hit

Protein Motif fingerprint database; a protein domain database

More...
PRINTSi
PR00363, CYTOCHROMEB5

Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database

More...
SMARTi
View protein in SMART
SM01117, Cyt-b5, 1 hit

Superfamily database of structural and functional annotation

More...
SUPFAMi
SSF55856, SSF55856, 1 hit

PROSITE; a protein domain and family database

More...
PROSITEi
View protein in PROSITE
PS00191, CYTOCHROME_B5_1, 1 hit
PS50255, CYTOCHROME_B5_2, 1 hit

<p>This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequence%5Flength">length</a> and <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences">molecular weight</a>. The information is filed in different subsections. The current subsections and their content are listed below:<p><a href='/help/sequences_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequencei

<p>This subsection of the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/sequences%5Fsection">Sequence</a> section indicates if the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> displayed by default in the entry is complete or not.<p><a href='/help/sequence_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence statusi: Complete.

P40312-1 [UniParc]FASTAAdd to basket
« Hide
        10         20         30         40         50
MPKVYSYQEV AEHNGPENFW IIIDDKVYDV SQFKDEHPGG DEIIMDLGGQ
60 70 80 90 100
DATESFVDIG HSDEALRLLK GLYIGDVDKT SERVSVEKVS TSENQSKGSG
110 120
TLVVILAILM LGVAYYLLNE
Length:120
Mass (Da):13,297
Last modified:October 1, 1996 - v2
<p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.</p> <p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.</p> <p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).</p> <p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x<sup>64</sup> + x<sup>4</sup> + x<sup>3</sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. </p> <p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.<br /> <strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums</strong><br /> <a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)</a>)</p> Checksum:i598EF2A6730CAD19
GO

Experimental Info

Feature keyPosition(s)DescriptionActionsGraphical viewLength
<p>This subsection of the 'Sequence' section reports difference(s) between the canonical sequence (displayed by default in the entry) and the different sequence submissions merged in the entry. These various submissions may originate from different sequencing projects, different types of experiments, or different biological samples. Sequence conflicts are usually of unknown origin.<p><a href='/help/conflict' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Sequence conflicti17E → Q in AAA67468 (PubMed:8181746).Curated1

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:

EMBL nucleotide sequence database

More...
EMBLi

GenBank nucleotide sequence database

More...
GenBanki

DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database

More...
DDBJi
Links Updated
L22494 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA67468.1
Z69382 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA93396.1
Z71387 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA95990.1
AY693106 Genomic DNA Translation: AAT93125.1
BK006947 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA10436.1

Protein sequence database of the Protein Information Resource

More...
PIRi
S63052

NCBI Reference Sequences

More...
RefSeqi
NP_014288.3, NM_001182949.3

Genome annotation databases

Ensembl fungal genome annotation project

More...
EnsemblFungii
YNL111C_mRNA; YNL111C; YNL111C

Database of genes from NCBI RefSeq genomes

More...
GeneIDi
855612

KEGG: Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes

More...
KEGGi
sce:YNL111C

<p>This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (<a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/uniref">UniRef</a>).<p><a href='/help/similar_proteins_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Similar proteinsi

<p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.<p><a href='/help/cross_references_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Cross-referencesi

Sequence databases

Select the link destinations:
EMBLi
GenBanki
DDBJi
Links Updated
L22494 Genomic DNA Translation: AAA67468.1
Z69382 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA93396.1
Z71387 Genomic DNA Translation: CAA95990.1
AY693106 Genomic DNA Translation: AAT93125.1
BK006947 Genomic DNA Translation: DAA10436.1
PIRiS63052
RefSeqiNP_014288.3, NM_001182949.3

3D structure databases

SMRiP40312
ModBaseiSearch...

Protein-protein interaction databases

BioGRIDi35714, 168 interactors
IntActiP40312, 4 interactors
MINTiP40312
STRINGi4932.YNL111C

Proteomic databases

MaxQBiP40312
PaxDbiP40312
PRIDEiP40312
TopDownProteomicsiP40312

Genome annotation databases

EnsemblFungiiYNL111C_mRNA; YNL111C; YNL111C
GeneIDi855612
KEGGisce:YNL111C

Organism-specific databases

SGDiS000005055, CYB5
VEuPathDBiFungiDB:YNL111C

Phylogenomic databases

eggNOGiKOG0537, Eukaryota
HOGENOMiCLU_102602_3_2_1
InParanoidiP40312
OMAiMESVRYW

Enzyme and pathway databases

ReactomeiR-SCE-196836, Vitamin C (ascorbate) metabolism
R-SCE-9609523, Insertion of tail-anchored proteins into the endoplasmic reticulum membrane
SABIO-RKiP40312

Miscellaneous databases

Protein Ontology

More...
PROi
PR:P40312
RNActiP40312, protein

Family and domain databases

Gene3Di3.10.120.10, 1 hit
InterProiView protein in InterPro
IPR001199, Cyt_B5-like_heme/steroid-bd
IPR036400, Cyt_B5-like_heme/steroid_sf
IPR018506, Cyt_B5_heme-BS
PfamiView protein in Pfam
PF00173, Cyt-b5, 1 hit
PRINTSiPR00363, CYTOCHROMEB5
SMARTiView protein in SMART
SM01117, Cyt-b5, 1 hit
SUPFAMiSSF55856, SSF55856, 1 hit
PROSITEiView protein in PROSITE
PS00191, CYTOCHROME_B5_1, 1 hit
PS50255, CYTOCHROME_B5_2, 1 hit

MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations

More...
MobiDBi
Search...

<p>This section provides general information on the entry.<p><a href='/help/entry_information_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry informationi

<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.<p><a href='/help/entry_name' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry nameiCYB5_YEAST
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). These are stable identifiers and should be used to cite UniProtKB entries. Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.<p><a href='/help/accession_numbers' target='_top'>More...</a></p>AccessioniPrimary (citable) accession number: P40312
Secondary accession number(s): D6W170
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). The version number for both the entry and the <a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/canonical%5Fand%5Fisoforms">canonical sequence</a> are also displayed.<p><a href='/help/entry_history' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry historyiIntegrated into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: February 1, 1995
Last sequence update: October 1, 1996
Last modified: June 2, 2021
This is version 167 of the entry and version 2 of the sequence. See complete history.
<p>This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (<strong>reviewed</strong>) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (<strong>unreviewed</strong>).<p><a href='/help/entry_status' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Entry statusiReviewed (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
Annotation programFungal Protein Annotation Program

<p>This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections<p><a href='/help/miscellaneous_section' target='_top'>More...</a></p>Miscellaneousi

Keywords - Technical termi

Reference proteome

Documents

  1. Yeast
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae): entries, gene names and cross-references to SGD
  2. Yeast chromosome XIV
    Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) chromosome XIV: entries and gene names
  3. SIMILARITY comments
    Index of protein domains and families
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